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|Founder||Ayatollah Sayyed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim|
|Founded||1982ISCIas a militia of|
|Ideology||Shi'a Islamism, Religious Conservatism|
|Seats in the Council of Representatives of Iraq:|
|Politics of Iraq
The Badr Organization (Arabic: منظمة بدر) previously known as the Badr Brigades or Badr Corps is an Iraqi political party headed by Hadi al-Amiri. Previously, it was the armed wing of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (ISCI) but since the 2003 invasion of Iraq most of its fighters have entered the new Iraqi army and police force and it officially became a completely political organization. However, Badr militiamen are still occasionally being reported by national media as active.
Politically, Badr Brigade and ISCI were considered to be one party since 2003, but have now unofficially separated.
The organization was based in Iran for two decades during the rule of Saddam Hussein. It consisted of several thousand Iraqi exiles, refugees, and defectors who fought alongside Iran in the Iran–Iraq War. Returning to Iraq following the 2003 coalition invasion, the group changed its name from brigade to organization in response to the attempted voluntary disarming of Iraqi militias by the Coalition Provisional Authority. It is however widely believed the organization is still active as a militia within the security forces and it has been accused of sectarian killings during the Iraqi Civil War.
Originally the Badr Brigade, it grew to a division and then a corps. The Badr Brigade was formed by Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim to fight Saddam Hussein's Baathist regime in Iraq. Its members were drawn from Iraqi Shia political and religious dissidents. The Badr forces fought alongside Iran in the Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988). Before 2003, it was based in Iran for two decades during the rule of Saddam Hussein.
The Badr Corps consists of infantry, armor, artillery, anti-aircraft, and commando units with an estimated strength of between 10,000 and 50,000 men (according to the Badr Organization) but this is difficult to confirm.
Badr Organization and post-invasion Iraq
|Participant in the Iraq War|
Flag of the Badr Organisation Military Wing
|Active||1982 – 2003 (officially)|
|Baghdad and Southern Iraq|
Because of their opposition to Saddam Hussein, the Badr Brigade was seen as a U.S. asset in the fight against Baathist partisans. After the fall of Baghdad, Badr forces reportedly joined the newly-reconstituted army, police and Interior Ministry in significant numbers.
- “The Supreme Council Undergoes Broad Changes in the Ranks… Hakim: We Paid a High Price in Previous Elections,” al-Rafidayn, Nov. 20, 2011.
|Armed groups in the Iraqi insurgency|
|Insurgents||Now-defunct Ba'athist rebels and insurgents||Iraqi Armed Forces and Police||Militias and others|