Baduizm

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Baduizm
Studio album by Erykah Badu
Released February 11, 1997
Recorded January—October 1996;
Battery Studios, Dallas Sound Lab, Sigma Sounds & Ivory Studios
Genre Neo soul, R&B, jazz
Length 58:15
Label Kedar/Universal
Producer Erykah Badu, Jaífar Barron, Robert Bradford, Madukwu Chinwah, JaBorn Jamal, Ike Lee III, Richard Nichols, James Poyser, Bob Powers, The Roots, Tone the Backbone
Erykah Badu chronology
Baduizm
(1997)
Live
(1997)

Baduizm is the debut album by American R&B and neo soul recording artist Erykah Badu, released on February 11, 1997 by Kedar Records.[1]After leaving university in aid to concentrate on music full-time, Badu then began touring with her cousin, Robert "Free" Bradford, where she recorded a 19-song demo, Country Cousins, which attracted the attention of Kedar Massenburg. He set Badu up to record a duet with D'Angelo, "Your Precious Love," and eventually signed her to a record deal with Universal Records. Recording sessions for the album took place during January to October 1996 at Battery Studios in New York City, Sigma Sounds & Ivory Studios in Philadelphia, and Dallas Sound Lab in Dallas.[2]

Upon release Baduizm was met with universal acclaim from music critics who praised the album's musical style and Badu's "artistic vision"; other critics noted similarities between Badu and Billie Holiday. Baduizm was a commercial success debuting at number two on the Billboard charts and number one on the US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums, the album was awarded with a variety of certifications, it was certified three times platinum by Recording Industry Association of America,[3] Gold by British Phonographic Industry[4] and Gold by the Canadian Recording Industry Association.[5]

The album was promoted with the release of four singles "On & On" - "Next Lifetime" - "Otherside of the Game" - "Apple Tree". The album won numerous accolades including winning awards for "On & On" and winning the Best R&B Album for Baduizm at the Grammy Awards. The album serves as a landmark album in the neo soul genre, Baduizm's success earned Erykah Badu popularity at the time and helped establish her as one of the emerging neo soul genre's leading artists. Along with D'Angelo's Brown Sugar (1995) and Maxwell's Urban Hang Suite (1996), the album has been recognized by music writers for beginning neo soul's popularity and helping the genre obtain commercial visibility at the time

Background[edit]

At the age of 14, Erykah was free-styling for a local radio station alongside such talent as Roy Hargrove. In her youth, she had decided to change the spelling of her first name from Erica to Erykah, as she believed her original name was a "slave name." The term 'kah' signifies the inner self. She adopted a surname of Badu because it is her favorite jazz scat sound; also, among the Akan people in Ghana, it is the term for the 10th-born child.[6] Upon graduating from Booker T. Washington High School for the Performing and Visual Arts, Badu went on to study theater at Grambling State University, a historically black college. To concentrate on music full-time, she left the university in 1993 before graduating, and took on several minimum-wage jobs to support herself. She taught drama and dance to children at the South Dallas Cultural Center. Working and touring with her cousin, Robert "Free" Bradford, she recorded a 19-song demo, Country Cousins, which attracted the attention of Kedar Massenburg. He set Badu up to record a duet with D'Angelo, "Your Precious Love," and eventually signed her to a record deal with Universal Records.[6]

Recording[edit]

Badu collaborated with The Roots, during the production of the album.

Recording sessions for the album took place during January to October 1996 at Battery Studios in New York City, Sigma Sounds & Ivory Studios in Philadelphia, and Dallas Sound Lab in Dallas.[2] Badu revealed on Twitter that her debut album, was partly influenced by Brandy's debut album. In the interview she stated, “Brandy's first album was one of my inspirations when writting Baduizm. I looove that album [...] songs i liked were "I Wanna Be Down" and "Always on My Mind"... nice."[7]

Erykah Badu provided vocals, keyboards, programming on the album with the help of Madukwu and N'Dambi who also proved vocal. Bob Power, Tone The Backbone proved various instruments and helped with the albums programming alone side Ike Lee III who provided keyboards and programming and John Meredith who handled the albums drum programming. Jazz legend Ron Carter supplied bass for the track "Drama". [8] Badu enlisted producers Madukwu Chinwah, Bob Power, JaBorn Jamal, Ike Lee III, with contributions from Badu herself, Badu also enlisted Michael Gilbert, Chris Trevit, Bob Powers to engineer the project. The album was mixed by Ken "Duro" Ifill; Tim Latham; Bob Power.[9]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4.5/5 stars[10]
Chicago Tribune 3/4 stars[11]
Entertainment Weekly A[12]
Q 4/5 stars[13]
Rolling Stone 3.5/5 stars[14]
USA Today 3.5/4 stars[15]

The album generally met with positive reviews. John Bush of Allmusic praised the album, stating: "Erykah Badu's revolution in sound -- heavier hip-hop beats over organic, conscientious soul music -- was responsible for her breakout, but many of the songs on Baduizm don't hold up to increased examination." He also labeled Badu's style as "closer to Diana Ross playing Billie Holiday."[10] Greg Kot of Chicago Tribune commented: "Rather than merely mimicking Holiday, Badu offers a canny update of the socially conscious soul of the early '70s with her midtempo grooves and sultry, conversational vocals."[11] Entertainment Weekly wrote: "Erykah Badu's nouvelle-soul debut, Baduizm, hits the target, blows it up, reinvents it. Sweetly cooing over Ron Carter's walking bass rhythms and the Roots' poetic wordplay, the singer echoes Lady Day — especially in her phrasing and cadence."[12] Robert Hilburn of Los Angeles Times commented: "Freely mixing musical eras and inspirations (Billie Holiday to Stevie Wonder, jazz to hip-hop), Badu combines supper-club sophistication with an artistic vision as unique and independent as that of the Artist in the days when he was still known as Prince."[16] Writing for Rolling Stone, Miles Marshall Lewis stated: "Baduizm showcases the heart and soul of a bohemian B-girl who happens to have an effortless jazz swing."[14] In his assessment of the album, USA Today critic Steve Jones wrote: "Badu can be mesmerizing, and she has a singular style that sets her apart from the crowd."[15] Karen R. Good of Vibe magazine was positive in his review, interpreting the album as "a conduit of awakening of something dark, familiar and long slept."[17] The Village Voice reviewer Greg Tate also deemed the album as favorable.[18]

Chart performance[edit]

The album was met with critical and commercial success, debuting at number two on the Billboard charts and number one on the US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums.[19][20] Baduizm's commercial and critical success earned Erykah Badu popularity at the time and helped establish her as one of the emerging neo soul genre's leading artists.[21] Her particular style of singing drew many comparisons to Billie Holiday.[22] Baduizm was certified three times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, Gold by the British Phonographic Industry and the Canadian Recording Industry Association. [3] [4] [5]

Legacy[edit]

Erykah Badu has been dubbed "the first lady of neo soul" and "the queen of neo-soul".[23][24][25][26]

Baduizm established Badu as a popular artist and received reviews lauding her return to the simplicity of early-1970s soul. (And, - "Like the conscious soul era it invoked - the Stevies , Slys and Marvins and Curtis Mayfields of the early '70s - its politics and social comment strived to be inclusive, to understand why a vicious, materialist attitude had permeated black culture since the Reagan '80s.") [27] Although she disputes the term, Erykah Badu has been dubbed "the first lady of neo soul" and "the queen of neo-soul".[23][24][25][26] Baduizm's commercial and critical success earned Erykah Badu popularity at the time and helped establish her as one of the emerging neo soul genre's leading artists.[21] Along with D'Angelo's Brown Sugar (1995) and Maxwell's Urban Hang Suite (1996), the album has been recognized by music writers for beginning neo soul's popularity and helping the genre obtain commercial visibility at the time.[28][29][30]

Music writers have credited the breakthroughs of D'Angelo's Brown Sugar (1995), Erykah Badu's Baduizm (1997), Maxwell's Urban Hang Suite (1996), and Lauryn Hill's The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill (1998) with shaping and raising the neo soul movement to commercial visibility into the late 1990s.[29][30][31][32][33] According to Farley, D'Angelo's album "gives a nod to the past, [...] mints his own sound, with golden humming keyboards and sensual vocals and unhurried melodies [...] His songs were polished without being slick and smart without being pretentious", while Badu "brought an iconoclastic spirit to soul music, with her towering Afrocentric headwraps, incense candles, and quirky lyrics".[34] Baduizm sold nearly three million copies and won Badu two Grammy Awards.[23]

Accolades[edit]

In 1997, Badu received six nominations and won three, Favorite Female Solo Single for "On & On", Favorite Female Solo Album for Baduizm and Best R&B/Soul or Rap Song of the Year for "On & On" at the Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards.[35][36] In 1998, Badu received fourteen nominations and won eight, including Favorite R&B/Soul or Rap New Artist at the American Music Awards; Best Female R&B Vocal Performance for "On & On" and Best R&B Album for Baduizm at the Grammy Awards; Outstanding New Artist and Outstanding Female Artist at the NAACP Image Awards; Favorite Female Soul/R&B Single for "On & On", Favorite Female Soul/R&B Album for Baduizm and Favorite New R&B/Soul or Rap New Artist for "On & On" at the Soul Train Music Awards.[37][38][39][40][41][42]

Baduizm is listed as one of the 261 greatest albums since punk and disco (the year 1976), in the music critic Garry Mulholland's book Fear of Music (ISBN 0-7528-6831-4). 'This record works as seduction soundtrack, Saturday night chill-out, Sunday morning church replacement. The success of Erykah Badu's masterpiece briefly threatened to inspire a new era in conscious soul. But only Lauryn Hill and D'Angelo were at her level. Baduizm stands alone, a missing link between '70s street funk, basement jazz, bohemian hip hop and the blues reinventions of Portishead."

Track listing[edit]

No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
1. "Rimshot (Intro)"   Erykah Badu, Madukwu Chinwah Madukwu Chinwah 1:56
2. "On & On"   Erykah Badu, JaBorn Jamal Bob Powers, JaBorn Jamal 3:45
3. "Appletree"   Erykah Badu, Robert Bradford Ike Lee III , Erykah Badu 4:25
4. "Otherside of the Game"   Erykah Badu, The Roots, Questlove, Richard Nichols, James Poyser The Roots, Richard Nichols 6:33
5. "Sometimes (Mix #9)"   Erykah Badu, The Roots, Richard Nichols, James Poyser The Roots, Richard Nichols, James Poyser 0:44
6. "Next Lifetime"   Erykah Badu, A. Scott Tone the Backbone 6:26
7. "Afro (Freestyle Skit)"   Erykah Badu, James Poyser, Jaífar Barron Erykah Badu, James Poyser, Jaífar Barron 2:04
8. "Certainly"   Erykah Badu, Madukwu Chinwah Madukwu Chinwah 4:43
9. "4 Leaf Clover"   David Lewis, Wayne Lewis Ike Lee III , Erykah Badu 4:34
10. "No Love"   Erykah Badu, Robert Bradford Robert Bradford 5:08
11. "Drama"   Erykah Badu, Ty Macklin Bob Powers 6:02
12. "Sometimes..."   Erykah Badu, The Roots, Richard Nichols, James Poyser The Roots, Richard Nichols, James Poyser 4:10
13. "Certainly (Flipped It)"   Erykah Badu, Madukwu Chinwah Madukwu Chinwah 5:26
14. "Rimshot (Outro)"   Erykah Badu, Madukwu Chinwah Madukwu Chinwah 2:19

Personnel[edit]

Musicians
Production

Charts[edit]

Weekly charts[edit]

Chart (1997) Peak
position
Swedish Albums Chart[43] 7
UK Albums Chart[44] 17
US Billboard 200[19] 2
US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums[45] 1

Year-end charts[edit]

Chart (1997) Peak
position
US Billboard 200[19] 20
Chart procession and succession
Preceded by
EV3 by En Vogue
Billboard 200 number-one album (second run)
June 8–20, 1997
Succeeded by
Life After Death by The Notorious B.I.G.

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification
United States[3] 3× Platinum

Awards[edit]

Grammy Awards

Year Recipient Category Result
1998 Baduizm Best R&B Album Won
"On & On" Best Female R&B Vocal Performance Won
Best R&B Song Nominated
Erykah Badu Best New Artist Nominated

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Baduizm: Overview. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2009-04-13.
  2. ^ a b "Miles Marshall Lewis: Tags". Furthermucker.com. Retrieved 2010-11-26. 
  3. ^ a b c RIAA
  4. ^ a b http://www.bpi.co.uk/certifiedawards/search.aspx
  5. ^ a b "Gold and Platinum". Cria.ca. 2011-12-01. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 
  6. ^ a b Waldron, Clarence (2001). "Erykah Badu". Jet. 
  7. ^ "ErykahBadoula: 28 Sep 12". Twitter. 2012-09-28. Retrieved 2012-09-30. 
  8. ^ http://www.hbdirect.com/album_detail.php?pid=212090
  9. ^ http://www.hbdirect.com/album_detail.php?pid=212090
  10. ^ a b Bush, John. Review: Baduizm. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2009-08-03.
  11. ^ a b Kot, Greg. "Review: Baduizm". Chicago Tribune: 53. February 21, 1997. Archived from the original on 2009-08-09. (Transcription of original review at talk page)
  12. ^ a b Columnist. Review: Baduizm. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved on 2009-08-03.
  13. ^ Columnist. "Review: Baduizm". Q: 117. March 1997.
  14. ^ a b Lewis, Miles Marshall. Review: Baduizm. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2008-08-03.
  15. ^ a b Jones, Steve. "Review: Baduizm". USA Today: 06.D. February 11, 1997. Archived from the original on 2009-09-01. (Transcription of original review at talk page)
  16. ^ Hilburn, Robert. Review: Baduizm. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 2009-08-03.
  17. ^ Good, Karen R. "Review: Baduizm". Vibe: 133–134. March 1997.
  18. ^ Tate, Greg. "Review: Baduizm". The Village Voice: 65, 69. February 18, 1997.
  19. ^ a b c http://www.billboard.com/artist/301879/erykah+badu/chart
  20. ^ "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums: December 09, 2000 | Billboard Chart Archive". Billboard.com. December 9, 2000. Retrieved February 11, 2014. 
  21. ^ a b O'Donnell, David. Review: Baduizm. BBC Music. Retrieved on 2009-08-03.
  22. ^ "Erykah Badu". Rock On The Net. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  23. ^ a b c Ryzik, Melena (March 2, 2008). "The Mind of a One-Woman Multitude". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved October 27, 2011. 
  24. ^ a b Jansen, Steve (May 28, 2009). First Lady of Neo-Soul - Page 1. Phoenix New Times. Retrieved on March 6, 2011.
  25. ^ a b Kinnon, Joy Bennett (July 1997). "Home Brew: Erykah Badu". Ebony: 36–37.
  26. ^ a b McIver, Joel (2002). Erykah Badu: The First Lady of Neo-Soul. Sanctuary. ISBN 1-86074-385-4. 
  27. ^ Garry Mulholland Fear of Music p. 292
  28. ^ Shapiro (2006), p. 104–105.
  29. ^ a b Nelson, Trevor. Radio 1 Listeners Top 50 Albums of 1993-2003. TrevorNelson. Retrieved on 2009-03-30.
  30. ^ a b Harvilla, Rob. Maxwell Returns. So Do the Giant Panties. The Village Voice. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  31. ^ Ross, Sean. "After a False Start, The Neo-Soul Genre Picks Up Steam on the Mainstream Track". Billboard: May 8, 1999.
  32. ^ Genre: Neo Soul. Allmusic. Retrieved on April 26, 2010.
  33. ^ Huey, Steve. Maxwell: Biography. Allmusic. Retrieved on March 30, 2009.
  34. ^ Farley, Christopher John (2001). Aaliyah: More Than a Woman. Simon and Schuster. pp. 54–58. ISBN 0-7434-5566-5. 
  35. ^ "Badu Wins Big At 3rd Soul Train Lady Of Soul Awards". Allbusiness.com. September 20, 1997. Retrieved January 3, 2009. 
  36. ^ "Destiny's Child Leads The Nominees For Soul Train Lady Of Soul Awards". Allbusiness.com. March 14, 1998. Retrieved January 3, 2009. 
  37. ^ "The 1998 Grammy Award Winners". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). February 26, 1998. Retrieved April 15, 2009. 
  38. ^ "Babyface Has Most Grammy Nominations for Second Year". Jet (Johnson Publishing Company). February 26, 1998. Retrieved April 15, 2009. 
  39. ^ "Spice Was Nice, Puffy Shut Out at AMAs". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. January 27, 1998. Retrieved December 30, 2008. [dead link]
  40. ^ "Babyface, Erykad Badu and Boyz II Men Among Winners at American Music Awards". Jet (Johnson Publishing Company). February 16, 1998. Retrieved April 15, 2009. 
  41. ^ Doss, Yvette C. (February 16, 1998). "'Soul Food' and 'Angel' Are Tops in Image Awards". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved January 1, 2009. 
  42. ^ "Badu Wins Big At Soul Train Awards". Allbusiness.com. March 14, 1998. Retrieved January 3, 2009. 
  43. ^ "swedishcharts.com". Retrieved 7 July 2009.  The album peaked at 7th place on 2 May 1997
  44. ^ Garry Mulholland ; Fear of Music p.291 ISBN 0-7528-6831-4
  45. ^ http://www.billboard.com/charts/2000-12-09/r-b-hip-hop-albums

External links[edit]