Baena

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For other uses, see Baena (disambiguation).
Baena
Municipality
Casa del Monte, Baena
Casa del Monte, Baena
Coat of arms of Baena
Coat of arms
Baena is located in Spain
Baena
Baena
Location in Spain
Baena is located in Andalusia
Baena
Baena
Location in Andalusia
Coordinates: 37°37′10″N 4°19′34″W / 37.61944°N 4.32611°W / 37.61944; -4.32611
Country  Spain
Autonomous Community  Andalusia
Province Córdoba
Comarca Campiña de Baena
Government
 • Mayor María Jesús Serrano Jiménez (PSOE)
Area
 • Total 362.5 km2 (140.0 sq mi)
Elevation(AMSL) 405 m (1,329 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 20,266
 • Density 56/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (GMT +2) (UTC+2)
Postal code 14850
Area code(s) +34 (Spain) + 957 (Córdoba)
Website Town Hall

Baena is a town of Andalucia, southern Spain, in the province of Córdoba; 32 miles by road south east of the city of Córdoba. Population of the town is 20,266 people (2012).

Description[edit]

Baena is picturesquely situated near the river Marbella, on the slope of a hill crowned with a castle, which formerly belonged to the famous captain Gonzalo de Cordova.[1] Baena is known for producing high quality olive oil, which is the basis of the town economy. Sierras Subbéticas Natural Park is located to the south of the town.

History[edit]

The site of the Roman town (Baniana or Biniana) can still be traced, and various Roman antiquities have been disinterred. In 1292 the Moors under Mahommed II of Granada vainly besieged Baena, which was held for Sancho IV of Castile; and the five Moorish heads in its coat-of-arms commemorate the defence.[1]

At the beginning of the Spanish Civil War the town was the scenario of the Baena Massacre, a ruthless mass-execution of Spanish republicans where about 700 loyalists were murdered by the orders of rebel Colonel Sáenz de Buruaga.[2][3][4] Other estimates mention up to 2,000 victims following the brutal repression in Baena.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chisholm 1911.
  2. ^ Sevilla FC Forum
  3. ^ The massacre of Baena
  4. ^ Paul Preston (2012). The Spanish Holocaust. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-06476-X.
  5. ^ No solo corrieron rios de sangre en Badajoz

References[edit]

Coordinates: 37°37′N 4°19′W / 37.617°N 4.317°W / 37.617; -4.317