Casa del Monte, Baena
|Comarca||Campiña de Baena|
|• Mayor||María Jesús Serrano Jiménez (PSOE)|
|• Total||362.5 km2 (140.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation(AMSL)||405 m (1,329 ft)|
|• Density||56/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (GMT +2) (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||+34 (Spain) + 957 (Córdoba)|
Baena is picturesquely situated near the river Marbella, on the slope of a hill crowned with a castle, which formerly belonged to the famous captain Gonzalo de Cordova. Baena is known for producing high quality olive oil, which is the basis of the town economy. Sierras Subbéticas Natural Park is located to the south of the town.
The site of the Roman town (Baniana or Biniana) can still be traced, and various Roman antiquities have been disinterred. In 1292 the Moors under Mahommed II of Granada vainly besieged Baena, which was held for Sancho IV of Castile; and the five Moorish heads in its coat-of-arms commemorate the defence.
At the beginning of the Spanish Civil War the town was the scenario of the Baena Massacre, a ruthless mass-execution of Spanish republicans where about 700 loyalists were murdered by the orders of rebel Colonel Sáenz de Buruaga. Other estimates mention up to 2,000 victims following the brutal repression in Baena.
- Baena at andalucia.com
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Baena". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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