Baeocystin

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Baeocystin
Baeocystin Formula V.1.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
3-[2-(Methylammonio)ethyl]-1H-indol-4-yl hydrogen phosphate
Clinical data
Legal status Class A (UK)
Routes Oral
Identifiers
CAS number 21420-58-6 YesY
ATC code None
PubChem CID 161359
ChemSpider 141741 YesY
Chemical data
Formula C11H15N2O4P 
Mol. mass 270.222 g/mol
 YesY (what is this?)  (verify)

Baeocystin is a psilocybin mushroom alkaloid and analog of psilocybin. It is found as a minor compound in most psilocybin mushrooms together with psilocybin, norbaeocystin, and psilocin. Baeocystin is a N-demethylated derivative of psilocybin, and a phosphorylated derivative of 4-HO-NMT (4-hydroxy-N-methyltryptamine).

Baeocystin was first isolated from the mushroom Psilocybe baeocystis,[1] and later from P. semilanceata,[2] Panaeolus renenosus, Panaeolus subbalteatus, and Copelandia chlorocystis.[3] It was first synthesized by Troxler et al. (1959).[4]

Little information exists with regard to human pharmacology, but in the book Magic Mushrooms Around the World, author Jochen Gartz reports being aware of a study in which "10 mg of baeocystin were found to be about as psychoactive as a similar amount of psilocybin."[citation needed] Gartz also reported in a research paper that a self-administered assay of 4 mg of baeocystin caused "a gentle hallucinogenic experience".[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leung AY, Paul AG. (1968). "Baeocystin and norbaeocystin: New analogs of psilocybin from Psilocybe baeocystis". Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 57 (10): 1667–71. doi:10.1002/jps.2600571007. PMID 5684732. 
  2. ^ Repke DB, Leslie DT, Guzman G. (1977). "Baeocystin in Psilocybe, Conocybe and Panaeolus". Lloydia 40 (6): 566–78. PMID 600026. 
  3. ^ Brossi A. (1988). The Alkaloids: Chemistry and Pharmacology V32: Chemistry and Pharmacology. Academic Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-08-086556-0. 
  4. ^ Troxler, F.; Seeman, F.; Hofmann, A. (1959). "Abwandlungsprodukte von Psilocybin und Psilocin. 2. Mitteilung über synthetische Indolverbindungen". Helvetica Chimica Acta (in German) 42 (6): 2073–2103. doi:10.1002/hlca.19590420638. 
  5. ^ Gartz J. (1991). "Further Investigations on Psychoactive Mushrooms of the Genera Psylocibe, Gymnopilus and Conocybe". Ann. Mus. Civ. Rovereto 7: 265–74.