Bagger 288 (Excavator 288), built by the German company Krupp for the energy and mining firm Rheinbraun, is a bucket-wheel excavator or mobile strip mining machine. When its construction was completed in 1978, Bagger 288 superseded NASA's Crawler-Transporter, used to carry the Space Shuttle and Apollo Saturn V launch vehicle (itself built by excavator manufacturer Marion Power Shovel Company), as the largest land vehicle in the world, at 13,500 tons.
The Bagger 288 was built for the job of removing overburden before coal mining at the Hambach stripmine in Germany. It can excavate 240,000 tons of coal or 240,000 cubic metres of overburden daily – the equivalent of a football field (soccer) dug to 30 m (98 ft) deep. The coal produced in one day fills 2400 coal wagons. The excavator is up to 220 m (721 ft) long and approximately 96 m (315 ft) high. The Bagger's operation requires 16.56 megawatts of externally supplied electricity. It can travel 2 to 10 m (6.6 to 32.8 ft) per minute (0.1 to 0.6 km/h). The chassis of the main section is 46 m (151 ft) wide and sits on 3 rows of 4 caterpillar track assemblies, each 3.8 m (12 ft) wide. The large surface area of the tracks means the ground pressure of the Bagger 288 is very small (17.1 N/cm2 or 24.8 psi); this allows the excavator to travel over gravel, earth and even grass without leaving a significant track. It has a minimum turning radius of approximately 100 metres, and can climb a maximum gradient of 1:18.
The excavating head itself is 21.6 m (70.9 ft) in diameter and has 18 buckets each holding 6.6 cubic metres (8.6 yd³) of overburden.
By February 2001, the excavator had completely exposed the coal source at the Tagebau Hambach mine and was no longer needed there. In three weeks it made a 22-kilometre (14 mi) trip to the Tagebau Garzweiler, traveling across Autobahn 61, the river Erft, a railroad line, and several roads. The move cost nearly 15 million German marks and required a team of seventy workers. Rivers were crossed by placing large steel pipes for the water to flow through and providing a smooth surface over the pipes with rocks and gravel. Special grass was seeded to smooth its passage over valuable terrain. Moving Bagger 288 in one piece was more economical than disassembling the excavator and moving it piece by piece.
In popular culture
- A Bagger 288 is featured in the 2012 film Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance, where the Ghost Rider (the protagonist) uses it to wreak havoc on his enemies.
- Joel Veitch's project Rathergood has a song entitled "Bagger 288" on their 2009 album Spongs in the Key of Life. The comedic song portrays the Bagger 288 as a war machine created to defend humanity against "godzillas" and "doom robots from the future". A music video for the song can be found on YouTube.
- In 2012, GuyJCollins released a silent short entitled 'Bagger 288', in which an anthropomorphic Bagger 288 dreams of finding freedom, but causes unintentional destruction.
- In 2012, the Bagger 288 was used as fortress (called 'Thor') for Baron Flynt in the popular video game Borderlands.
- The Bagger 288 is visible operating in a 2013 film The Hunger Games: Catching Fire at mines in District 12.
- In 2014, Daniel DeEntremont released an all CGI video of a transforming Bagger 288, which was based on the Transformers franchise.
- Mario Giampietro; Kōzō Mayumi (31 October 2009). The Biofuel Delusion: The Fallacy of Large-Scale Agro-Biofuel Production. Earthscan. p. 134. ISBN 978-1-84407-681-9. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- Die grössten Bagger der Welt (The biggest excavators in the world) (German)
- "'Chatting with Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance directors Neveldine and Taylor'". Retrieved December 16, 2013.
- Additional pictures 1 and 2
- Bagger 288 crossing the river Erft during the 2001 move (pictures)
- Manufacturer's homepage