Bagh District

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For other uses, see Bagh District.
Bagh
Town
Bagh is located in Pakistan
Bagh
Bagh
Coordinates: 33°58′25″N 73°47′30″E / 33.9735°N 73.7918°E / 33.9735; 73.7918Coordinates: 33°58′25″N 73°47′30″E / 33.9735°N 73.7918°E / 33.9735; 73.7918
Country  Pakistan
State Azad Kashmir
Headquarters Bagh
Elevation 1,038 m (3,406 ft)
Languages
 • Official Urdu
Time zone PST

Bagh District (Urdu: ضلع باغ ‎) is one of the eight districts of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. The district, which had been part of Poonch District, was created in 1988.[1] The district is bounded by Muzaffarabad District to the north, Poonch district to the south, and Poonch District of the Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir to the east; it is bounded by the Punjab, Rawalpindi District and Abbottabad District of Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province to the west. The total area of the district is 1,368 square kilometers.[2] Bagh District is linked to Muzaffarabad by two roads, one via Sudhan Gali (80 km) and the other through Kohala (97 km). It is situated 46 km from Rawalakot. Bagh District was created with three sub-divisions, namely Dhirkot, Bagh and Haveli, with its headquarters at Bagh. It is said that a bagh (garden) was set up by the landowner where the premises of the Forest Department are now located. As a result, the area that is now the district headquarters was named “Bagh”.[3][4]

History[edit]

KN004.jpg

There is an archaeological site located in Bagh called Bagh Fort.[5]

The town Bagh in which is in District Bagh was the 'launching pad' for the rebellion against the Mahraja of Jammu and Kashmir Hari Singh in 1947 led by a local Ex-serviceman, Sardar Muhammad Abdul Qayyum Khan while other commanders who are the recipient of gallantry awards and are key role characters of Kashmir Liberation War history, 1947-48 in bagh sector ,are Major Saeed,Sher-i- Jang (Equal to Sitara-i- Jurrat, Captain Noor Hussain Khan,Sher-i-Jang (Equal to Sitara-i-Jurrat),2 Lt Abdul Khan, 2 Lt Mohammad Hayat Khan Sher-i-Jang (Equal to Sitara-i-Jurrat),2 Lt Mohammad Siddique, Shuja, Major Mansabdar Khan FK,Lt Muhammad Salim Khan Sher-i-Jang ( Equal to Sitara-i-Jurrat)and sub yaqoob khan sitara-i jurrat [does not exist in the list of the recipient of award in war of liberation 1947-48 in bagh sector] .Syed Khadim Hussain Shah (Shaeed-Awal) was first Shaheed of District Bagh

District Bagh was created in 1988, when it was divided from Azad Jammu and Kashmir's and Poonch District.

Bagh, like other areas of northwest South Asia, was hit by the 2005 Kashmir Earthquake, in which a significant amount of damage occurred to the district.

Geography and climate[edit]

Panjal Mastan plains
Map of Bagh district

Topographically, the entire Bagh district is a mountainous area, generally sloping from northeast to south-west. The area falls in the lesser Himalayas zone. The main range in the district is Pir- Panjal. The Haji-Pir Pass is situated at the height of 3421 meters above sea level. The general elevation is between 1500 and 2500 meters above sea level. The mountains are generally covered with coniferous forests. Mahl Nala, in the Bagh sub-division, and Betar Nala, in the Haveli sub-division, are the two main streams. However, numerous other rivulets flow in the district.[6]

The climate of the district varies with altitude. The temperature generally remains between 2 °C to 40 °C. The main eastern part of the district is very cold in winter and moderate in summer. However, the lower valleys, the localities bordering Bagh at Kohala and its adjoining areas (Mongbajri and Ajra-Bagh) remain cold in winter and hot in summer. May, June and July are the hottest months. Maximum and minimum temperatures during the month of June are about40 °C and 22 °C respectively. December, January and February are the coldest months. The maximum temperature in January is about 16 °C and minimum temperature is 3 °C respectively. Annual rainfall is about 1500 millimeters.[6]

Pine, kail, fir and other trees like poplar, shisham, kikar, willow, walnut, ban-akhore, chinar and mannu are found in abundance in the district. Among flowers zianna, dahlia, merrygold, cosmos, daffodil, aster and rose of different kinds are found in the district. Much of the population in the rural areas is devoted to plantation of fruit plants to meet the needs of the people. For this purpose agricultural and fruit nurseries have been established by the Agriculture Department. Wild life of the district is mostly confined in Haveli range where Markhore, Himalayan thar, leopard cat and bear are found. Among birds murgh zareen, chakore and moned pheasant are available. Murgh zareen and shahin are confined to forests at high hills and chakore is commonly found in the lower plants.[4] Before 2012 it was a Municipal Committee. It gained the status of Municipal Corporation in July 2012

Tourism[edit]

Bagh, along with Kashmir, are the two major tourism, trekking and expedition hubs in Azad Kashmir. The mountainous terrain of the region, including four of the Bagh's 4 Three-thousander peaks (3,000 m and above), attracts the attention of tourists, trekkers and mountaineers from around the Azad kashmir. The main tourist season is from April to October; except this time, the area can be cut off for extended periods by the snowy, freezing winter weather.

Demography[edit]

The total population of the district according to the 1998 census was 395,000, which is estimated to have increased to 434,000 in 2013, with an annual growth rate of 2%.[7] The principal clans of Bagh are Maldayals,Rajputs,Gujjars and Abbasi.Maldayal are in majority in Bagh city and its surrounding(Sharki and wasti Bagh),Rajputs have majority in Wasti and Garbi (Dhirkot)bagh.Gujjars mostly reside in sharki Bagh.They are also the biggest tribe in hawali tehsil.Abbasis are concentrated in Dhirkot tehsil.Other notable clans include Syed,Kashmiri,Sudden and Magray.

Language and culture[edit]

Pahari and Gojri are the predominant languages of the district. Other languages spoken include Kashmiri, Urdu and Pushto.

Economy and resources[edit]

There are minerals in Bagh such as deposits of slate, where there are proven deposits of 1 million tons which are suitable for building materials, specifically roofing and flooring.[8] Two floor mills, one at Kohala and other at Arja are operative. No other industry has so far been established in the district. Wool spinning on hand looms is carried out throughout the district. The articles made on these hand looms are for domestic use only. The main trade centers of the district are at Bagh ,dhirkot and Kahuta. There is no industry in the district; therefore, all essential commodities like textiles, leather goods and other items of daily use are imported from various markets of Pakistan.but bakery product of bagh are popular all over the world specially paniali and jagllary is known. The major export of the district is apples. Agriculture plays a major part of the district economy; the major crops of the district are maize and wheat, but rice, gram, bajra and jawar are also cultivated in some areas. Pulses of different kinds are also grown in different areas of the district. The soil of the district is also ideal for the cultivation of sunflowers, mustard and basmati rice. Ponies and donkeys are kept for carrying loads. Buffalos, sheep or goats are kept almost in every home for milk and other dairy products.[4]

Metropolitan areas[edit]

Some of the main settlements in the district are:[9]

Mountaineering[edit]

This Himalayan valley provides a base to climb some of the challenging Himalayan peaks. These peaks were closed due to the rise in militancy, now they are opened for mountaineering.

  • Ganga Peak 9989 ft (3044 mt)
  • Pir Kanthi Peak 10930 ft(3321 mt)
  • Nanga Pir
  • Besali Peak
  • Kobra Peak 1
  • Bedori Peak

Etymology[edit]

The word "Bagh" (باغ) comes from Persian and means garden. It is used in many toponyms such as the Kara-bagh (Black Garden) and Chaharbagh (Four Garden).bani minhasan(ganga choti)

Notable areas of Bagh[edit]

  • Bagh - the district capital.
  • Allama Iqbal Colony
  • paniali

2005 earthquake in relation to Bagh district[edit]

The city of Bagh, like other areas of the district, was heavily damaged in the 2005 Kashmir earthquake. Sixty percent of the buildings collapsed. Thousands of people died and many more found themselves homeless. In the aftermath of the earthquake, NATO came to the district to help with reconstruction and clearing.[10] There was a report that an entire village was wiped out in the district.[11] The U.S., through Pakistan, distributed vouchers so people could buy water and food.[12]

References[edit]

Bagh Azad Jammu and Kashmir Official Portal

External links[edit]