|Elevation||253 m (830 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||UP 17|
Baghpat is a city of NCR and a Municipal board in Baghpat district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Baghpat District. The Baghpat city is located on the banks of river Yamuna at 28 deg 57' North Latitude and 77 deg 13' East Longitude. It is 52 KM from Meerut City and is on the main Delhi–Saharanpur Highway around 40 KM from Delhi toward north.
Occupation of the people of Baghpat is mostly Agriculture. approximately 70% people are dependent upon agriculture.Main crops of baghpat are sugarcane,wheat and rice. Also vegetables like Gourds, Pumpkins, Potatoes, Ladyfinger, Spinach, Radish and Carrots are also grown.
District Bagpat is one of the district of Uttar Pradesh. The city is Located on the banks of river Yamuna at 28O57’ North Latitude and 77O13’ East Longitude. It is 52 KM from Meerut City and is on the main Delhi – Saharanpur Highway around 40 KM from Delhi. In the north of the district baghpat there is district Muzaffarnagar,in the south district Ghaziabad,in the west river Yamuna and district sonipat of Harayana.The shape of the district Bagpat is rectangular which area is more in north to south than east to west. It is very closely located to (around 40 km) the national capital New Delhi.
The district hospital is continued to work from 2011 and Aastha Multispeciality hospital in Baraut worked From 2008 The Government Medical Center is relatively outdated, thought the present UP state government does have plans to modernize the currently available facilities. The city also has private hospitals - Jeevandeep Hospital, Delhi Nurshing Home, Raksha Hospital, are modern hospitals in the district providing all sorts of medical facilities.
Pura MahaDev (पुरामहादेव) Village is inhabited by the Ahirs and is situated on the banks of Hindon River and is on the hillock. There is very ancient Temple dedicated to the Mighty Lord Shiva and twice in the year Shiva devotees used to offer water which they carry from the Holy River Ganges from Haridwar and all the way walked up to their designated destination to offer water to the Lord Shiva.Fairs are held here on the fourteenth day of Sravana (sometime in August–September)and Phalguna (February) at the foothills of the Lord Shiva Temple in this village. Mahadev Pura is about 3 K.M. from the nearest town Baleni which is on the highway from Meerut to Baghpat well connected by the road.It is 28 km distant from Baghpat and 32 km from Meerut. According to a local tradition, the sage Parashurama founded a Shiva temple here and named the place Shivapuri which in process of time became changed to Shivpura and then got shortened to Pura.
Gufa Waale Baba Ka Mandir
This is a holy place on the name of Gufa Wale Baba ji(aka:kuti wale baba).There is also lord Shiva's Mandir within this place.People, in bulk, visit it on religious festivals like Holi,Diwali etc. Every Sunday devotees from nearby areas participate in religious activities.
Naag Baba Ka Mandir
It is situated near village Bamnauli on road from Baraut to Budhana via Puchar. Every year on Naag Panchmi, huge croud can be seen here. On deepawali and Holi also, people belonging to nearby places come here from other cities of India to worship Naag Devta.
About 25 km from the city towards Meerut, off Meerut road and near the Hindon River is the Valmiki Ashram, where according to Ramayana Luv and Kush sons of Lord Rama were born and brought up. This is the place where Sita came to live after the Ram-Ravan yudh in Ramayana.
Baraut is known for Digambar Jain College and Janta Vedic College (old name Jat college) for their Graduation courses. Students come to Jat College specially for its Graduate course in Agriculture. Morever Baraut is the main educational hub for nearby places. Students come here from far for better School education provided in Schools, also having ACET (aryabhatt college of engineering and technology), daula, JIMT(JagMohan Institute of Management and Technology) opened in 2011 is quite popular amongst youth due to its Placements visits Bagpat city itself has many good schools attracting students from far places. The SYADWAD INSTITUTE OF HIGHER EDUCATION & RESEARCH established in 2008 is the only Nursing college in the District.VANJAKSH Institute & Coaching Academy is a Coaching academy for UPSC/UP-PSC etc. this institute takes and runs govt. project. Another Engineering college Om Sai Institute of Technology and Sciences is just about 4 km from the city near village Pali, on the Delhi Saharanpur highway.
There are also many computer training institutes in the Baghpat City, the biggest of them E-tech Computer Education, is affiliated with Rajiv Gandhi Computer Saksharta Mission and also conducts various government sponsored Courses.
Samrat Prithvi Raj Chauhan Degree college is the only Degree college inside the city of Baghpat located off Delhi-Saharanpur highway.
As of 2001[update] India census, Baghpat had a population of 36,365. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Baghpat has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 82% of the males and 58% of females literate. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Major castes are Jats, Yadav, Gujjars and Rajputs besides Dalits and a large number of Muslims.
History and Culture
Some panchayats in Baghpat have recently issued backward diktats limiting women's freedom and rights, which have been denounced by prominent politicians and activists. This indicates the backward culture of the people in this district and the challenges faced by women in this society.
Land of Tigers
It was founded by the Pandava brothers of Mahabharata as Vyagprastha. Barnava, near Binauli is the site of the Lakshagarha - palace made of wax, that was built by Purochana a minister of Duryodhana to kill the Pandavas. The city was originally known as Vyagprastha - Land of Tigers (because of the population of tigers found many centuries ago). There are many versions of the story as to how the city derived its name. One version states that the city’s original name was ‘Vyagprasth’, while according to another version, the city has derived its name from the Hindi word ‘Vakyaprasth’, which means place of delivering speeches. Inspired by such words and versions, the city was finally named ‘BAGHPAT’ during the Mughal Era.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Baghpat panchayat bans mobiles for women, police says no idea". Hindustan Times. 13 July 2012.
- "Baghpat Panchayat issues a Taliban-style diktat to women". The Hindu. July 13, 2012.
- "Baghpat Panchayat's Diktat Against Women 'Illegal': PC". Outlook India. July 13, 2012.
- "After diktat against women, Baghpat villagers thrash cops". July 13, 2012.