Baghpat

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Baghpat
city
Baghpat is located in Uttar Pradesh
Baghpat
Baghpat
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°57′N 77°13′E / 28.95°N 77.22°E / 28.95; 77.22Coordinates: 28°57′N 77°13′E / 28.95°N 77.22°E / 28.95; 77.22
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Baghpat
Elevation 253 m (830 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 36,365
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration UP 17

Baghpat (Hindi: बाघपत or बाग़पत) is a city of NCR and a Municipal board in Baghpat district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Baghpat District. The city's name derives from the Hindi word for tiger (बाघ Baagh). The Baghpat city is located on the banks of river Yamuna at 28 deg 57' North Latitude and 77 deg 13' East Longitude. It is 52 KM from Meerut City and is on the main DelhiSaharanpur Highway around 40 KM from Delhi toward north.

Baghpat District was established as a separate district in 1997. Prior to becoming a district, Baghpat was a Tehsil under Meerut in western Uttar Pradesh.[1]

Bali Village[edit]

Sarpanch of bali village=

Smt Shimla Devi W/o Shri Joginder Singh

Bali is a very beautiful village of distric baghpat state uttar pradesh.It is a village of gurjar samaj(caste) in which mandar goatr is present'Occupation of the people of Bali is mostly Agriculture. approximately 70% people are dependent upon agriculture.Main crops of bali are sugarcane,wheat and rice. Also vegetables like Gourds, Pumpkins, Potatoes, Ladyfinger, Spinach, Radish and Carrots are also grown. Most of the economy growth of Bali is due to "The Baghpat Cooperative Sugar Mills Ltd"....located about half-one a km from the main city'Bali is a village of district baghpat and it is one of the very beautiful village of district baghpat.The village hospital is continued to work under the hand of sarpanch

History[edit]

It was founded by the Pandava brothers of Mahabharata as Vyagprastha. Barnava, near Binauliis the site of the Lakshagriha, the lac palace that was built by Mayasura, the demon architect, to kill the Pandavas. The district has a strong presence of Jainism. Bada Gaon is an important pilgrimage center for Jains. It is located near the town of Khekra. Here is a place called pakke ghat where one of the popular Shankaracharya Swami Savroopanandji had got jnana.

Culture[edit]

Baraut is a multi-religious place with many Hindu Temples, Jain Temples and Mosques around. There are 32 Temples, 45 Mosques, 2 Gurudwaras and 2 churches around this region. One of the biggest temple in this area is known as Digamber Jain Bara Mandir. It is very famous and holds big importance here. It is worth seeing and cannot be described in words. On the day of Mahavir Jayanti (Birth of Bhagwan Mahavir) during month of April a three-day carnival is organised every year. Another Hindu carnival is organised during Dusshera following Ramlila (Play depicting life of lord Rama). Another big Hindu temple in the heart of the city is Panchvati Temple, on the bank of nahar (stream of water). This temple has three parts, first with Goddess Santoshi Ma temple, second is Ram Temple and third part is Ganesh and Hanuman ji temple.

Occupation[edit]

Occupation of the people of Baghpat is mostly Agriculture. approximately 70% people are dependent upon agriculture.Main crops of Baghpat are sugarcane,wheat and rice. Also vegetables like Gourds, Pumpkins, Potatoes, Ladyfinger, Spinach, Radish and Carrots are also grown. Most of the economic growth of Baghpat is due to "The Baghpat Cooperative Sugar Mills Ltd"....located about one and a half a km from the city.

Geography[edit]

District Baghpat is one of the district of West Uttar Pradesh.The city is Located on the banks of river Yamuna.It is 52 KM from Meerut City and is on the main Delhi – Sharanpur Highway around 40 KM from Delhi.In the north of the district baghpat there is district Muzaffarnagar,in the south district Ghaziabad,in the west river Yamuna and district Rohtak of Harayana.The shape of the district Baghpat is rectangular which area is more in north to south than east to west.It is very closely located to (around 40 Km) the national capital New Delhi.

Medical Facilities[edit]

The district hospital is continued to work from 2011 and Aastha Multispeciality hospital in Baraut worked From 2008 The Government Medical Center is relatively outdated, thought the present UP state government does have plans to modernize the currently available facilities. The city also has private hospitals - Jeevandeep Hospital, Delhi Nurshing Home, Raksha Hospital, are modern hospitals in the district providing all sorts of medical facilities.

Famous Places[edit]

Pura MahaDev[edit]

Pura MahaDev (पुरामहादेव) Village is inhabited by the Malik Jaats and is situated on the banks of Hindon River and is on the hillock. There is very ancient Temple dedicated to the Mighty Lord Shiva and twice in the year Shiva devotees used to offer water which they carry from the Holy River Ganges from Haridwar and all the way walked up to their designated destination to offer water to the Lord Shiva.Fairs are held here on the fourteenth day of Sravana (sometime in August–September)and Phalguna (February) at the foothills of the Lord Shiva Temple in this village. Mahadev Pura is about 3 K.M. from the nearest town Baleni which is on the highway from Meerut to Baghpat well connected by the road.It is 28 km distant from Baghpat and 32 km from Meerut. According to a local tradition, the sage Parashurama founded a Shiva temple here and named the place Shivapuri which in process of time became changed to Shivpura and then got shortened to Pura.

Gufa Waale Baba Ka Mandir[edit]

This is a holy place on the name of Gufa Wale Baba ji(aka:kuti wale baba).There is also lord Shiva's Mandir within this place.People, in bulk, visit it on religious festivals like Holi,Diwali etc. Every Sunday devotees from nearby areas participate in religious activities. it is situated on delhi saharanpur highway (SH-57) in sarurpur kalan village

Naag Baba Ka Mandir[edit]

It is situated near village Bamnauli on road from Baraut to Budhana via Puchar. Every year on Naag Panchmi, huge croud can be seen here. On deepawali and Holi also, people belonging to nearby places come here from other cities of India to worship Naag Devta.

Valmiki Ashram[edit]

About 25 km from the city towards Meerut, off Meerut road and near the Hindon River is the Valmiki Ashram, where according to Ramayana Luv and Kush sons of Lord Rama were born and brought up. This is the place where Sita came to live after the Ram-Ravan yudh in Ramayana.

Baghpat Villages Name[edit]

  • Daha
  • Doghat
  • Bhadal
  • Nirpura
  • Gaidaba
  • Baraut
  • Bijrol
  • Pali
  • Katha
  • Santoshpur
  • Baghu
  • Bamnauli
  • Kakripur
  • Chopra Maheshpur
  • Budhsani Ahir
  • Pura Mahadev
  • Nawada Ahir
  • Singhawali Ahir
  • Saidhbhar Ahir
  • Hariya Kheda
  • Basaud
  • Mavi Khurd
  • Tatiri
  • Dhikoli
  • Chamrawal
  • Khatta Prahladpur
  • Tilpani
  • Chirchita
  • Sankrodh
  • Sunhera
  • Tyodhi
  • Bali
  • Nibali
  • Gadhi
  • Sujra
  • Titroda
  • Qyampur
  • Tavela garhi
  • Bichpadi
  • Budhera
  • Dhodra
  • Meetali
  • Dojha
  • Baam
  • Hilwadi
  • Paabla
  • Ahera
  • Baaghu
  • Santoshpur
  • Sarurpur kalan

× Loyan malkpur

  • Gurana
  • Gauripur jawahar nagar
  • Nivada
  • Sisana
  • Ninana
  • Narojpur Gujjar
  • Ghatouli Gadariya

Educational Facilities[edit]

Baraut city is also the major centre of education . Digambar Jain College, started by the Gangaram Kishorilal Jain family and Janta Vedic college,started by Mahashaya Chaudhary Umrao Singh are famous. Master Umarao Singh was the founder teacher. In Baraut city all the courses are available up to the research level especially in the field of agriculture. The Janta(Jat) Vedic College is famous for its quality education in the field of agriculture. The newest institute DIET [District Institute for Education and Training] is set up by the education deptt. of UP in Baraut city at Barka road. Jain Polytechnic is famous for technical education. JatCollege:Janta Vedic College, Baraut (Baghpat), was established long time back in 1917. The entire credit goes to the then poor peasantry of the region who having deep faith in Arya Samaj, formed a society and go it registered in 1920 under Society Registration Act in the name of Jat Shiksha Sabha and started Jat Vedic High School which rose to undergraduate and postgraduate level in 1949 and 1956 respectively. It was affiliated to Chaudhary Charan Singh University (formerly Meerut University), Meerut, and was also included under section 2(f) and 12(b) of UGC Act. Since its inception, the college developed into a multi-faculty co-educational college having more than 5,000 students, imparting quality education in the faculties of Arts, Science, Agriculture, and Education. Each department is well equipped with all the necessary modern teaching aids as well as excellent laboratories with computers (wherever needed) which are put to their optimum use by highly qualified faculty members. Sprawling campus situated on a tributary of yamuna canal spread over more than 40 acres (160,000 m2) of land surrounded by high raised brick walls and railings, having well-developed lawns of more than 10 acres (40,000 m2). Concrete roads parked with big rare trees connecting different roads give it a unique picture-sque and elegant look of a beautiful university.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Baghpat had a population of 36,365. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Baghpat has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 82% of the males and 58% of females literate. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Major castes are Jats, Yadav, Gujjars and Rajputs besides Dalits and a large number of Muslims.

Religions in baghpat
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
67%
Muslims
  
32%
Christians
  
0.2%
Others†
  
2.8%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

History and Culture[edit]

Idol of Lord Parshvanath at Bada Gaon, Khekad, Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh, India

Some panchayats in Baghpat have recently issued backward diktats limiting women's freedom and rights, which have been denounced by prominent politicians and activists.[3][4][5][6] This indicates the backward culture of the people in this district and the challenges faced by women in this society.

Land of Tigers[edit]

The city was originally known as Vyagprastha - Land of Tigers (because of the population of tigers found many centuries ago), and was one of the 5 villages asked by the Pandava brothers from Duryodhan to avoid the Mahabharat. Barnava, near Binauli is the site of the Lakshagarha - palace made of wax, that was built by Purochana a minister of Duryodhana to kill the Pandavas.

There are many versions of the story as to how the city derived its name. One version states that the city’s original name was ‘Vyagprasth’, while according to another, less popular version, the city has derived its name from the Hindi word ‘Vakyaprasth’, which means place of delivering speeches. Inspired by such words and versions, the city was finally named ‘BAGHPAT’ during the Mughal Era.

References[edit]

External links[edit]