Baguio Cathedral

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Our Lady of Atonement Cathedral
Baguio Cathedral front view.jpg
Basic information
Location Baguio City, Philippines
Geographic coordinates 16°24′45″N 120°35′54″E / 16.41250°N 120.59833°E / 16.41250; 120.59833Coordinates: 16°24′45″N 120°35′54″E / 16.41250°N 120.59833°E / 16.41250; 120.59833
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Year consecrated 1936
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Cathedral
Status active
Architectural description
Groundbreaking 1920
Completed 1936
Specifications

Our Lady of Atonement Cathedral, better known as Baguio Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic cathedral located at Cathedral Loop adjacent to Session Road in Baguio City, the Philippines, and is the see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Baguio. Dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary under the title of Our Lady of Atonement, its distinctive pink exterior, twin spires and stained glass windows make it a popular tourist attraction in Baguio.[1] It served as an evacuation centre under the Japanese Occupation during Second World War.

History[edit]

The site where the cathedral currently stands was a hill referred to as Kampo by the Ibaloi people. In 1907, a Catholic mission was established at the site by Belgian missionaries from the Congregatio Immaculati Cordis Mariae, which they Mount Mary.

Construction of the cathedral itself began in 1920 under the leadership of the parish priest, Rev Florimond Carlu. The building was completed and consecrated in 1936, receiving dedication to Our Lady of Atonement.

During the Second World War, the cathedral was an evacuation centre, and it withstood the carpet-bombing of Baguio by Allied forces during liberation on 15 March 1945. The remains of the thousands that had died in the bombardment are interred within the cathedral precinct.[2]

Features[edit]

The cathedral has a distinctive pink façade with a rose window and twin square belfries with pyramidal roofs.[2] Within its large courtyard is a viewing deck that overlooks Session Road and the downtown commercial district of Baguio. The cathedral is accessible to pedestrians from Session Road via 100-step stone staircase that ends at a Calvary, or through the adjacent campus of Saint Louis University.[3]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Baguio Catholic Cathedral". Landmarks and Scenic Sites: The City of Baguio. Archived from the original on 11 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  2. ^ a b Layug, p. 76
  3. ^ Layug, p. 77

References[edit]

  • Layug, Benjamin Locsin (2007). A Tourist Guide to Notable Philippine Churches. Pasig City, Philippines: New Day Publishers. pp. 76–77. ISBN 971-8521-10-0.