Bahama woodstar

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Bahama woodstar
Bahama Woodstar - Calliphlox evelynae.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Trochiliformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Calliphlox
Species: C. evelynae
Binomial name
Calliphlox evelynae
(Bourcier, 1847)
Synonyms

Philodice evelynae

The Bahama woodstar (Calliphlox evelynae) is a species of hummingbird.

The Bahama woodstar is a small hummingbird, growing to be only about 8 to 9.5 cm (3.1 to 3.7 in) in length.[2] These birds weigh around 2.4 to 3 g (0.085 to 0.106 oz).[3] They are green above with mixed olive-buff underparts. Bills on both the male and female are slightly decurved. Males show a reddish-pink throat is lined by a white collar during breeding season. After breeding season is over, he loses the colorful throat thich turns to a pale gray color of eclipse plumage. Females are much more drab in color. Tails on male birds are deeply forked, females are much more rounded.

The Bahama woodstar is endemic to the Bahama Islands. They are found in many different habitats on some of the major islands except may be rare or absent where the Cuban Emerald (Chlorostilbon ricordii) also occurs. There are 2 subspecies-lyrura inhabits Inagua Island, and evelynae is found on all remaining islands.

Nesting is done in a small cup made of plant down, bark and cobwebs. The female lays 2 elliptical white eggs, which will incubate for 15–18 days. This hummingbird nests all year round. It does not migrate, but has been seen as a vagrant in SE Florida in the United States. In April 2013 a bird was seen for three days at a feeder in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Calliphlox evelynae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses by John B. Dunning Jr. (Editor). CRC Press (1992), ISBN 978-0-8493-4258-5.
  4. ^ [2]