Bahishti Maqbara

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Bahishti Maqbara (English: The Heavenly Graveyard[1]), located originally in Qadian, India and then in Rabwah, Pakistan is a religious cemetery established by the Ahmadiyya Community as a directive from the community's founder Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, made known in his booklet Al-Wasiyyat. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad established it in his will after he saw an angel showing him the place of his burial.[2]

History[edit]

In 1905, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community wrote a publication titled Al-Wassiyat (English: The Will). In it, he describes establishing a cemetery for members of the community who are more spiritual than materialistic. At the time, finding a suitable piece of land in and around Qadian was costly and as such, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad proposed a piece of land from his own property.[3]

He also proposed that for anyone to be buried in Bahishti Maqbara, the following three requirements be fulfilled:

1. Whoever desires to be buried in this graveyard should contribute towards the expenses of its maintenance according to his capacity.

2. Whoever desires to be buried therein should make a testamentary disposition that one tenth of his property shall, under direction of the Movement, be devoted to the propagation of Islam, and carrying out the teachings of the Quran. It will be open to every righteous person whose faith is perfect to provide for this purpose in his will more than one tenth, but it shall not be less.

3. Whoever shall lead a righteous life and abstain from all that is prohibited and shall not do anything that amounts to association of something with God or to innovation in the faith. He should be a true and sincere Muslim.


Mirza Ghulam Ahmad , Al-Wasiyyat p. 25-28 (English)

Locations[edit]

To date, there are two cemeteries dedicated as Bahisti Maqbara. The first is located in Qadian, India and the second, in Rabwah, Pakistan.

Qadian[edit]

On May 26, 1908, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad died and was taken by train to Batala. From there, he was carried to Qadian where he was eventually buried in Bahisti Maqbara. Thousands of members of the community arrived in Qadian for funeral prayers while prominent leaders within the community unanimously agreed Hakeem Noor-ud-Din should lead the community as the first successor to Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. As Khalifatul Masih, Hakeem Noor-ud-Din led the funeral prayer for Mirza Ghulam Ahmad the same day.

Rabwah[edit]

Bahishti Maqbara, Rabwah
Details
Location Rabwah, Punjab
Country Pakistan
Coordinates 31°45′42.64″N 72°55′1.24″E / 31.7618444°N 72.9170111°E / 31.7618444; 72.9170111Coordinates: 31°45′42.64″N 72°55′1.24″E / 31.7618444°N 72.9170111°E / 31.7618444; 72.9170111
Type Private
Owned by Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
Number of graves over 10,000

Notable Burials[edit]

The defaced grave of Abdus Salam in Rabwah

Frequently visited sites in the cemetery include the grave of Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad and Mirza Nasir Ahmad, the second and third Caliphs of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and successor of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.

Nobel laureate Abdus Salam was buried in Bahishti Maqbara, Rabwah next to his parents' graves. The epitaph on his tomb initially read "First Muslim Nobel Laureate" but due to Salam's adherence to the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, the word "Muslim" was later erased on the orders of a local magistrate under Ordinance XX which declares Ahmadis non-Muslims.[4] After his death on November 21, 1996, over 13,000 visited to pay their last respects and over 30,000 people attended his funeral prayers.

Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, Pakistan's first Asian President of the International Court of Justice is also buried in Bahishti Maqbara, Rabwah.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ahmad, Mirza Ghulam. The Will. pp. 22–23. 
  2. ^ Valentine, Simon Ross. Islam and the Ahmadiyya jamaʻat: History, Belief, Practice. p. 41. 
  3. ^ Ahmad, Mirza Ghulam. The Will. p. 22. 
  4. ^ "Government of Pakistan - Law for Ahmadis". Retrieved March 6, 2011.