|Great King (Shah) of Persia (usurper)|
A Shahnameh illustration depicting the battle between Khusrau II and Bahrām Chobin
|Successor||Khusrau II; Bistam (rival)|
|Royal House||House of Mihran|
General Bahrām Chobin (Chubin, Chobina) (in Persian بهرام چوبین) was a famous Eran spahbod (Persian army-commander) during the late 6th century in Persia. He usurped the Sassanid throne from Hormizd IV, ruling for a year as Bahram VI (590-591).
Descended from the House of Mihran, one of the Seven Parthian clans, his first great victory came in Greater Khorasan in 589, which is reported in a number of sources. He successfully defeated a large Göktürk army in great Turkish War. Reportedly, the Turkish forces outnumbered his troops five to one. Relying on the discipline and superior training of his Persian Cataphract cavalry, Bahram trapped and defeated the Turks, killing the Göktürk Bagha/Yabghu Qaghan.
Shah of Persia 
After suffering a minor defeat in battle against the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire, Shah Hormizd IV humiliated him, sending him women's clothing to wear. Thus, he along with the main Persian army, rebelled against the Shah and marched toward Ctesiphon. Hormizd was killed and his son, Khosrau II, unable to fight such an army, fled to Byzantine territory and Bahram sat on the throne as Great King (Shah) of Persia.
Bindoy, the uncle of Khosrau II, who had accompanied him into exile, was sent with a large army granted by the Byzantine Emperor Maurice. They went to Armenia to outflank Bahram, who was defeated in the lowlands and lost Ctesiphon. He retreated to Azerbaijan but was finally defeated at the Battle of Blarathon and fled to the eastern parts of Persia and settled in Balkh, or Ferghana. However, after some time he was murdered by the hired assassin sent by Khusrau II.
There are many fables attributed to Bahram VI, as is the norm for many heroes in Persian literature. The chapters in Volume VIII of Ferdowsi's 11th-century Shahnameh on the reigns of "Hurmuzd, Son of Nushirwan," and "Khusrau Parviz," both of which are almost as much about Bahram Chobin as about Hormizd or his son.
- Tabari, The History of al-Tabari:The Sāsānids, the Byzantines, the Lakhmids, and Yemen, Vol.V, trans. Clifford Edmund Bosworth, (State University of New York Press, 1999), 311.
- Touraj Daryaee, Sasanian Persia:The Rise and Fall of an Empire, (I.B.Tauris, 2010), 31.
- Gumilev L.N. Bahram Chubin, pp. 229 - 230
- Usanova M. Ismoil Somonii waqfnomasi, p. 29.
- online at http://persian.packhum.org/persian/
- Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Jaʻfar Narshakhī, History of Bukhara, Transl. Richard Nelson Fyre, (Markus Weiner Publishers, 2007), 77-78.