Bahraich

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This article is about the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Bahraich district.
Bahraich
Town
Bahraich is located in Uttar Pradesh
Bahraich
Bahraich
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°35′N 81°35′E / 27.58°N 81.59°E / 27.58; 81.59Coordinates: 27°35′N 81°35′E / 27.58°N 81.59°E / 27.58; 81.59
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Bahraich
Named for God Brahma
Government
 • Body Bahraich Nagar Palika Parishad
 • Mayor Hazi Rehan Khaň
 • MLA Dr. Waqar Ahmad Shah (SP)
 • MP Savitri Bai Phule (BJP)
Area
 • Total 24 km2 (9 sq mi)
Elevation 126 m (413 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 186,223
 • Density 7,800/km2 (20,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 271801
Telephone code +91 05252
Vehicle registration UP 40
Sex Ratio 907 /
Website http://behraich.nic.in/

Bahraich is a town and a municipal board in Bahraich district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Located on the Saryu River, a tributary of river Ghaghra, Bahraich is 125 km north-east of Lucknow, the state capital. The towns of Barabanki, Gonda, Balrampur, Lakhimpur and Sitapur share local boundaries with Bahraich. A factor which makes this town important is the international border shared with the neighboring country, Nepal. According to Government of India, the district Bahraich is one of the minority concentrated district in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.[1]

Etymology[edit]

There are many theories about how Bahraich got its name. They include:

  • Bhars were ancient tribe inhabiting parts of eastern Uttar Pradesh. The name Bahraich derives from them.
  • It is believed that there was an ancient Brahma Temple here (not present now), thus giving the city the name - Brahmaich, thus, Bahraich.
  • Bahraich got its name from the Arabic word bahr which means a large body of water. Situated on the bank of river Ghaghra, it was named Bahraich.
  • It is also believed that Bahraich got its name from the Ashram of Mahirshi Bhar. A town near Bahraich is named Risiya which was named Rishi Bhumi in ancient times.

Geography and climate[edit]

Bahraich is located at 27°35′N 81°36′E / 27.58°N 81.6°E / 27.58; 81.6.[2] It has an average elevation of 126 metres (413 feet). Bahraich has a warm humid subtropical climate with cool, dry winters from December to February and dry, hot summers from April to June. The rainy season is from mid-June to mid-September, when Bahraich gets an average rainfall from the south-west monsoon winds, and occasionally frontal rainfall will occur in January. In winter the maximum temperature is around 25 °C (77 °F) and the minimum is in the 3 °C (37 °F) to 7 °C (45 °F) range. Fog is quite common from late December to late January. Summers are extremely hot with temperatures rising to the 40 °C (104 °F) to 45 °C (113 °F) range, the average highs being in the high of 30s (degree Celsius).

Flora and fauna[edit]

Bahraich has a vast forest cover.Shisham, Dhak, Mahua, Babul, Neem, Peepal, Ashok, Khajur, Mango and Gular trees are grown here. Different varieties of mangoes specially Dasheri in district. The main Crops are Wheat, Paddy, Sugarcane, Mustard and Vegetables such as Cauliflower, Cabbage, Tomato, Brinjals are grown here. Apart from this many medicinal and herbal plants are also grown here.

Demographics[edit]

As reported in the Census of India 2011 Bahraich city had population of 186,223.

Religions in Bahraich
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
39%
Muslims
  
59%
Christians
  
0.2%
Jains
  
1.4%
Others†
  
0.4%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Bahraich had a population of 186,223 out of which males were 97,653 and females were 88,570. The literacy rate was 64.20 per cent.[3]

Main localities[edit]

  • Qazipura
  • Dargah Shareef
  • Ghantaghar
  • QasimPura
  • HamzaPura
  • Salarganj
  • Saryu Nagar
  • Civil Lines
  • Mansoor Ganj
  • Police Lines
  • ImamGanj(Parli Bagh)
  • Bari Takia
  • Choti Takia
  • Gulam Ali Pura
  • Wajeer Bagh
  • SalarPur(Galla Mandi)
  • Ibrahim Saheed
  • Hospital Crossing(GuruNanak Chowk)
  • Roadways
  • AmeerMah
  • Gudri
  • Navagarhi
  • Brahmnipura
  • Sakhaiyapura
  • Akbarpura
  • Nazirpura
  • New Basti
  • Kewanagunj
  • Sufipura
  • Badihaat
  • Steel Ganj Talab
  • Bakshi Pura
  • Bashirgunj
  • Qila
  • Tikora Mod
  • Chand Pura
  • Quanoongopura (South)
  • Paani Tanki
  • Digiha Chauraha
  • Khattripura
  • Chawani Bazar
  • Ghasiyaripura
  • Chawni
  • Kababchi Gali
  • Kalpipara Colony

Economy[edit]

The main occupation of the residents of Bahraich is agriculture. In the British period, Bahraich was a famous market for grains and pulses. Even today, it is famous for agricultural products like pulses, wheat, rice, corn, sugar, and mustard. Bahraich also has a Galla Mandi(Grain Market) which is second biggest Grain Market in Uttar Pradesh. Also, there are dense forests in Nanpara and Bhinga region which account for herbs and timber. Trees like teak, Shisham and Khair are found here.As a result, " kattha" factories are situated in Mihinpurwa block of Baraich. Ideal wood forfurniture and buildings work is found here. Fruit trees grown here are mango and guava. The principal crops of the region are wheat,rice, sugarcane, pulse, and mustard. Sericulture is another occupation of the people of the region.

Politics[edit]

Bahraich is divided into two Parliament Constituency Bahraich and Kaisergunj.

  1. Bahraich seat of MP is govern by Miss Savitri Bai Phule (BJP)
  2. Kaisergunj seat of MP is govern by Mr. Brij Bhushan Singh (BJP)
  3. Bahraich City Seat of MLA belongs to Mr. Waqar Ahmad Shah ( Cabinet Minister U.P.Govt,SP)
  4. Mahsi Seat of MLA belongs to Mr. K.K.Ojha (MLA BSP)

Education[edit]

Bahraich is a growing district in the direction of education.After that also it has many premier institutes and colleges.

Technical, medical and law colleges[edit]

  • Sanjeevani Institute of Technology and Management, Kirtanpur
  • Sanjivani Hospital & Para Medical College, Mihipurawa
  • Sanjeevani College of Law
  • NIIT

Postgraduate colleges[edit]

  • Mahila Mahavidyalaya (Women PG College)
  • Thakur Hukum Singh Kisan Post Graduate College
  • Mithilesh Nandini Reshama Arif Mahavidyalaya, Nanpara
  • Seemant Degree College, Rupaidiha
  • Lord Buddha Degree College, Rupaidiha

Inter colleges[edit]

  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidayalaya (JNV)
  • Tara Mahila Inter College (Women Inter College)
  • Maharaj Singh Inter College
  • Vaidya Bhagwan Deen Misra Gandhi Inter College
  • Sant Pathik Inter College (Pashupati Nagar, 11th km,on Lucknow Road,Bahraich)
  • Seventh Day Adventist Inter College
  • St. Norbert School
  • Azad Inter College
  • City Montessori School
  • Sainik Inter College
  • Buddha Public School (BPS)
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir
  • Government Inter College
  • Government Girls Inter College
  • Kamla Devi Inter College
  • Barrows Blue Bells School
  • Ravindra Nath Tagore Inter College
  • Bal Siksha Niketan
  • Sir Syed Girls Inter College
  • Rahat Janta Inter College, Nanpara
  • Sri Shankar Inter College, Nanpara

Islamic education[edit]

  • Jamia Arabia Masoodia Noorul Uloom
  • Jamia Imdadiya Baitul Uloom
  • Al-Markajul Islami Darul Fikr(Qadri Masjid)
  • Al-Markajul Islami Darula Falahul Muslimeen
  • Madarsa Faiz-ul-Uloom
  • Madarsa Badi Takia
  • Madarsa Choti Takia
  • Madarsa Khasyari Masjid

Others schools and institutes[edit]

  • Convey Computer Institute
  • Innovative Computer Institute
  • C-DAC Computer Institute (Govermented)
  • श्रीरंगम संस्कृत माध्यमिक विद्यालय, गनियापुर, बरनापुर, बहराइच
  • Care Nursery School
  • Guru Kripa Divine Grace Public School
  • Crescent Public School
  • Morning Star Academy
  • Barrows Blue Bells School
  • Montessori Public School (Wing of Montessori Higher Secondary School)
  • Galaxy Public School
  • Scholar's Bower Educational Academy
  • Divinity Public School
  • Golden Bells Academy
  • Ismat Memorial Public School Bahraich
  • Moon & Sun Public School
  • Harmain Modern Public School
  • Eden Public School
  • Maktab Masoodia Junior High School, Qazipura
  • Maktab Jama Masjid
  • Ayesha Darshgaah Islami Bahraich

Culture[edit]

Language[edit]

Among many languages spoken in the district are Awadhi, a vernacular in the Hindi continuum spoken by over 38 million people, mainly in the Awadh region. A wide range of Awadhi is spoken in Bahraich. Urdu is also a majority spoken language in the city.

Cuisine[edit]

As Bahraich is situated in The Awadh region has its own distinct Nawabi style cuisine, the most famous cuisine of Awadhi Region consist of various kinds of biryanis, kebabs and breads.Kababchi Gali of district is famous in near by regions for its Kebabs.

Sports[edit]

In the past pehlwani, kabbadi, chess, kite flying, pigeon flying, and cock fighting were popular pastimes. Today cricket, football, badminton and hockey are among the most popular sports in the city.City has it own multisports stadium Called Indra Gandhi Sports Stadium, it host many sports tournament every year.City also have many Sports Clubs.

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Bahraich is well connected with other districts of Uttar Pradesh. UPSRTC provides road connectivity to Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Bareilly, Haridwar, Delhi,and Agra. The frequency for the Lucknow is every 15 minutes.

Railways[edit]

Bahraich is also on Indian Railways route map and provided a meter gauge line,running from Gonda to Bareilly and serve by several slow speed train and an express connecting Kasganj to Gonda. Jarwal Road is a small station 55 km from district headquarters and lies on DelhiBarauni line. However, there have been talks of the State Government with Ministry of Railways for the development broad gauge line and connect Bahraich with Lucknow and other major cities of Uttar Pradesh.Private Auto Rickshaws and Cycle Rickshaw are also part of transportation; those are easily available at all major landmarks of the city.

Media[edit]

Press[edit]

The prominent English dailies of the city are The Times of India, The Hindustan Times, The Pioneer. Several daily newspapers in Hindi and Urdu are published in the city. Amongst the Hindi papers are Dainik Jagran, Amar Ujala, Dainik Hindustan, Rashtriya Sahara, Jansatta. The main Urdu papers are The Inquilab, Rozanama Rashtriya Sahara, Sahafat, Avadhnama, Qaumi Khabrein, Aag, Roznama Urdu, Subahnama Urdu and Jayeza Daily.Some of Them also Have there Local Offices in City.All major Indian news channels and newspapers have correspondents in Bahraich.

Internet[edit]

The city has broadband internet connectivity and video conferencing facilities. Major companies like Sify, BSNL, Bharti Airtel, Reliance Communications, Tata Communications,Aircel have a wide infrastructure to provide broadband Internet.

Shopping and trade centres[edit]

  • There are a number of banks in the city with multiple branches. State Bank of India, BOB, Punjab National Bank, Allahabad Bank, Axis Bank, IDBI Bank, HDFC, Allahabad UP Gramin Bank,etc. Bank has multiple branches.
  • There are a no. of cinema hall in the city including Chitrashala, Kumar Picture Palace.
  • A major part of Bahraich is markets/bazaars.Major Shopping Markets are Steelganj Talab, Chawni, Choti Bazar,Raja Heera Singh Market and Ghantaghar Market.
  • City also holds some shopping complexes are Sumaiya Mall, V-Mart, R.K. Tower, ITC Chauppal Sagar etc.
  • Brands like Liberty, Bata, Peter England, Red Chief has its outlets in City.
  • KKY of Taj, Hotel Sheron Continental, Muslim Musafir Khana, Ban-Sarita Resort etc are some hotels and resorts of Bahraich

Tourist spots[edit]

  • Dargah of Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masood
  • Sravasti-45 km from city center
  • Mari Mata Temple
  • Ghantaghar(Clock Tower Of Bahraich)
  • Risiya Park
  • Sangharin Mata temple
  • Baba Junglee Nath Temple
  • Katarniya Ghat & Lakkad Shah
  • Dargah Of Ameer Mah
  • Jama Masjid
  • Nanpara Masjid
  • Markazi Idgah SalarGanj
  • Idgah Oh Dargah Shareef
  • Ajmal Shah
  • Gurudwara
  • Siddhnath Mandir
  • Izhar Warsi
  • Ek Minara Masjid Badihat Bahraich
  • Jangli Baba Mandir(Temple belongs to Lord Shiva)

Dargah of Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masood[edit]

Bahraich is very famous because of the Mausoleum (Dargah) of Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud, a famous eleventh century Muslim conqueror who was defeated and killed at Bahraich by a confederacy of Hindu kings, led by Maharaja Suheldev. Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud's Dargah is a place of reverence for Muslims. It was built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq. It is believed that people taking bath in the water of the Dargah become free of all skin diseases.Every year a cultural fest is also organised here known as Dargah Mela

Sravasti[edit]

Roughly 50 km from Bahraich, there are remains of an ancient Buddhist monastery. This place is known as Sravasti and it is one of the most popular destinations around Bahraich. It is a holy place for Buddhists and Jains, where Lord Buddha spent twenty four years of his life preaching Buddhism. Shravasti is visited by tourists from Korea, Japan, Sri Lanka & China.

Katarniya Ghat Wildlife Reserve[edit]

Katarniaghat

Bahraich hosts the biggest wildlife reserve of the state of Uttar Pradesh - Katarniya ghat wildlife reserve.[citation needed] It is located at the distance of about 86 km by road & 105 km by rail from Bahraich city, the district headquarters of the Bahraich District, U.P., India, about 7 km from Nepal Border, Lucknow 205 km, nearest market Bichhia Bazaar is 6 km.

Animals found here- Tiger, Leopard, Swamp Deer, Chital, Kankar, Flying Squirrel, Blue Bull (Bison), Sambhar, Black Buck, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Jackal, Bear, Deer, Rhinoceros, Elephant, Four Horned Antelope, Indian Gazelle, Peafowl. New release of tiger population (in 2011) revealed that the number of tigers in the sanctuary and surrounding areas (Indo-Nepal) is rising.[4]

Baba Jangli Nath Temple[edit]

Jangli Nath (Hindi: जंगली नाथ) is a Hindu temple situated in a village named Aswa Mohmadpur of Matera Town situated in Nanpara Tehsil. According to local legend, Shiva Linga is made of wood and it is believed that it came out itself from the ground.There is a festival on each Monday of the Shrwan month of the Hindu calendar, attended by thousands of devotees.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=28770
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bahraich
  3. ^ "Bahraich Census". Census of India. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary". Eastern Uttar Pradesh Tourism. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 

External links[edit]