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The school is operated by the Bahrain International School Association (BISA) with the United States Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) and takes students from Kindergarten to Twelfth grade. Graduating seniors can earn an American diploma or an International Baccalaureate diploma.
Bahrain School is the only DoDEA school in the Persian Gulf area. The closest DoDEA school to Bahrain School is George C. Marshall School in Ankara, Turkey. It provides education primarily to the children of the United States Navy stationed in Bahrain, but historically, about half of the student body has been local enrollment, usually the dependents of diplomatic personnel and ARAMCO employees, as well as Bahraini citizens. The Navy dependent population declined in July 2004 when dependents were sent home due to security concerns. In July 2009, dependents were again authorized to return to Bahrain. Enrollment for SY2009-2010 was 503 students: 138 in Grades K-5 and 365 in Grades 6–12. Enrollment for SY10-11 was approximately 650.
Bahrain School has many of the sports that typical American schools have such as basketball, soccer, baseball, boys and girls volleyball, track and field, and cross country. The school competes against other schools on the island. Since the school is a part of DODDS Europe(Department of Defense Dependents Schools) they also compete in the DODDS European championships.
Bahrain School is accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools to offer an American diploma. The College Board authorizes Bahrain School to offer Advanced Placement courses: Calculus AB, Microeconomics, Chemistry, Physics, and Spanish. In 1982, the school became the first in Bahrain to offer the International Baccalaureate Diploma under the accreditation of the International Baccalaureate Organization.
- HRH Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, The Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Bahrain and the Deputy Supreme Commander of the Bahrain Defence Force.
- HRH Isa bin Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Son of The Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Bahrain, 2nd in line to the throne.
- Summer Bishil, American Independent Spirit Award-nominated actress.