Bahrain Synagogue

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Bahrain Synagogue
Manama synagogue 1.jpg
Basic information
Location Sasa'ah Avenue
Bahrain Manama, Bahrain
Affiliation Orthodox Judaism
Rite Edot Hamizrach
Status Disused
Leadership Abraham David Nonoo

Bahrain Synagogue is a synagogue located on Sasa'ah Avenue in the lower-class commercial district of Manama, the capital city of Bahrain.

Overview[edit]

The nondescript beige structure, which cannot be identified in any way as a Jewish house of worship, is no longer in use. The tiny Jewish community in Bahrain, numbering approximately 35 out of a total population of 700,000, can rarely muster a minyan required for prayer. Nevertheless, Bahrain is one of the only Arab countries in the Persian Gulf with any kind of Jewish community or synagogue. The community also maintains a small Jewish cemetery.[1]

History[edit]

In the late 19th century, Jews from Iraq, and some from Iran and India settled in Bahrain and subsequently established a synagogue. After the 1947 UN Partition Plan which envisaged partitioning Palestine into Jewish and Arab states, three days of protests and marches erupted. On the third day, the demonstrators began rioting.[2] Jewish homes were looted and the only synagogue on the island in the capital city of Manama, was razed to the ground by foreign[1][3] Arab rioters. Even though the tensions resulted in Jews emigrating to Britain and the USA, another synagogue was built for those who remained.

Recently, as the synagogue is no longer in use, the Jewish community wanted to convert the building for another use or give it to charity, but the government would not allow it. They insisted it remained as a synagogue.[4]

In 2006, after the roof began to fall in, Abraham David Nonoo, the Jewish community’s unofficial leader and a member of Bahrain’s forty-man shura, or parliamentary council, undertook to renovate the synagogue out of his own funds,[1] although Bahrain's Crown Prince Sheikh Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa has offered to pay for the construction of a new synagogue on the same site.[5]

At the time the government also offered the Jewish community a piece of land to rebuild the old synagogue which was destroyed in 1948 and not rebuilt.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Scheib, Ariel. "The Virtual Jewish History Tour: Bahrain". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2007-06-01. 
  2. ^ Rosenbloom, Michael (March 2002). "Tales of Survival: Island Girl". Congregation Ohav Sholom, Merrick, New York. Archived from the original on 2007-02-08. Retrieved 2007-06-01. 
  3. ^ a b "The Jews of Bahrain: "I consider myself a Bahraini Jewish Arab - and I am very proud of it."". The Washington Times. March 23, 2000. Retrieved 2007-06-01. 
  4. ^ Lunxner, Larry (October 23, 2006). "Life's good for Jews of Bahrain - as long as they don't visit Israel". Jpost.com. Retrieved 2007-06-01. 
  5. ^ Low profile but welcome: a Jewish outpost in the Gulf, The Independent, 2 November 2007.

External links[edit]