Bahujan Samaj Party

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For the Nepalese party, see Bahujan Samaj Party, Nepal.
Bahujan Samaj Party
Chairperson Mayawati
Secretary-General Satish Chandra Mishra
Leader in Lok Sabha None
Leader in Rajya Sabha Mayawati
Founded 1984
Headquarters 12, Gurudwara Rakabganj Road,
New Delhi - 110001
Newspaper Adil Jafri, Mayayug
Student wing Bahujan Samaj Student's Forum
Youth wing BSP Yuva Morcha
Ideology Dalit Socialism
Secularism
Social Engineering
Political position Centre-left
Colours Blue
ECI Status National Party[1]
Seats in Lok Sabha
0 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
14 / 245
Election symbol
Bahujan Samaj party symbol
Website
bspindia.org
Politics of India
Political parties
Elections


The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) (Hindi: बहुजन समाज पार्टी) is a national political party in India. It was formed mainly to represent Bahujans (literally meaning "People in majority"), referring to people from the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Castes (OBC) as well as minorities. The party claims to be inspired by the philosophy of B. R. Ambedkar. The BSP was founded by a Dalit charismatic leader Kanshi Ram in 1984, who was succeeded by his protege Mayawati in 2003. The party's political symbol is an Elephant. The party was the third most-voted party in the 2014 Indian general election, but still failed to win any seat in the 16th Lok Sabha.[2] The BSP has its main base in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Origin of the word "Bahujan"[edit]

The Pali word Bahujan is notably found in the literature of Buddhist texts. Gautama Buddha used this word to guide his disciples to work for the "Bahujan Hitay Bahujan Sukhay" (Meaning: Benefit and prosperity of majority people). Another meaning of the word Bahujan is people in majority. The BSP has historically drawn a loyal base of voters from Dalits. It has attempted to grow nationally as well, but has met limited success so far.

History[edit]

Bahujan Samaj Party claims to represent the low and lowly. A man carrying the BSP flag.
Flags of "Bahujan Samaj Party" at Shivaji Park.

The party was founded in 1983 by Kanshi Ram . Due to his deteriorating health in the 1990s, former school teacher Mayawati became the party's de facto leader. The party's power grew quickly with seats in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly and India's Lower House of Parliament. In 1993, following the assembly elections, Mayawati formed a coalition with Samajwadi Party President Mulayam Yadav as Chief Minister. In mid-1995, she withdrew support from his government, which led to a major incident where Mulayam Singh Yadav was accused of keeping her party legislators hostage to try to break her party. Since this, they have regarded each other publicly as chief rivals. Mayawati then sought the support of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to become Chief Minister on 3 June 1995. In October 1995 the BJP withdrew support to her and fresh elections were called after President's Rule.

Success in 2007 UP assembly elections[edit]

The 11 May 2007, the Uttar Pradesh state assembly election results saw the BSP emerge as a single majority party, the first to do so since 1991. The BSP President Ms. Mayawati began her fourth term as Chief Minister of UP and took her oath of office along with 50 ministers of cabinet and state rank on 13 May 2007, at Rajbhawan in the state capital of Lucknow. Most importantly, the majority achieved in large part was due to the party's ability to take away majority of upper castes votes from their traditional party, the BJP.

BSP is now the third largest national party of India in terms of vote percentages as per 2014 Lok Sabha Elections, having 4.2% vote share across the country.

2012 UP assembly elections[edit]

The party could manage only 80 seats as against 206 in 2007 assembly elections. BSP government was the first in the history of Uttar Pradesh to complete its full five-year term.[3] On 11 July 2012, the party in a major revamp, replaced Swami Prasad Maurya by R A Rajbhar as President of UP Unit.[4]

Secret successor of Mayawati[edit]

On 9 August 2009, Mayawati declared that she had chosen a successor from the Dalit community who is 18–20 years her junior. She has penned down his name in a sealed packet left in the safe custody of two of her close confidantes. The name of the successor will be disclosed on her death.[5]

Lok Sabha (Lower House)[edit]

Lok Sabha Term Indian
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
State ( seats )
09 th Lok Sabha 1989 245 03 2.07 4.53 Punjab ( 1 )
Uttar Pradesh ( 2 )
10 th Lok Sabha 1991 231 02 1.61 3.64 Madhya_Pradesh(1)
Uttar Pradesh ( 1 )
11 th Lok Sabha 1996 210 11 4.02 11.21 Madhya Pradesh(2)
Punjab ( 3 )
Uttar Pradesh ( 6 )
12 th Lok Sabha 1998 251 05 4.67 9.84 Haryana ( 1 )
Uttar Pradesh ( 4 )
13 th Lok Sabha 1999 225 14 4.16 9.97 Uttar Pradesh (14)
14 th Lok Sabha 2004 435 19 5.33 6.66 Uttar Pradesh (19)
15 th Lok Sabha 2009 500 21 6.17 6.56 Madhya Pradesh(1)
Uttar Pradesh (20)
16 th Lok Sabha 2014 503 0 4.3 NA
Vidhan Sabha Term UP
Elections
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
12 th Vidhan Sabha 1993 164 67 11.12 28.52
13 th Vidhan Sabha 1996 296 67 19.64 27.73
14 th Vidhan Sabha 2002 401 98 23.06 23.19
15 th Vidhan Sabha 2007 403 206 30.43 30.43
16 th Vidhan Sabha 2012 403 80 25.95 25.95

Other states where BSP has a presence[edit]

Bihar Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Bihar
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
10 th Vidhan Sabha 1990 164 0 0.73 1.41
11 th Vidhan Sabha 1995 161 2 1.34 2.66
12 th Vidhan Sabha 2000 249 5 1.89 2.47
13 th Vidhan Sabha Feb. 2005 238 2 4.41 4.50
14 th Vidhan Sabha Oct. 2005 212 4 4.17 4.75
15 th Vidhan Sabha 2010 243 0 3.21 3.27

Chhattisgarh Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Chhattisgarh
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
2 nd Vidhan Sabha 2003 54 2 4.45 9.4
3 rd Vidhan Sabha 2008 90 2 6.11 6.11
4 th Vidhan Sabha 2013 90 1 4.27 4.29

Delhi Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Delhi
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
1 st Vidhan Sabha 1993 55 0 1.88 2.42
2 nd Vidhan Sabha 1998 58 0 3.09 3.63
3 rd Vidhan Sabha 2003 40 0 5.76 8.96
4 th Vidhan Sabha 2008 69 2 14.05 14.05
5 th Vidhan Sabha 2013 69 0 5.33 5.44

Haryana Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Haryana
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
8 th Vidhan Sabha 1991 26 1 2.32 7.67
9 th Vidhan Sabha 1996 67 0 5.44 7.2
10 th Vidhan Sabha 2000 83 1 5.74 6.22
11 th Vidhan Sabha 2005 84 1 3.22 3.44
12 th Vidhan Sabha 2009 86 1 6.73 7.05

Himachal Pradesh Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Himachal Pradesh
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
7 th Vidhan Sabha 1990 35 0 0.94 1.76
8 th Vidhan Sabha 1993 49 0 2.25 3.0
9 th Vidhan Sabha 1998 28 0 1.41 3.28
10 th Vidhan Sabha 2003 23 0 0.7 2.02
11 th Vidhan Sabha 2007 67 1 7.40 7.37
12 th Vidhan Sabha 2012 67 0 1.7 2.02

Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Madhya Pradesh
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
9 th Vidhan Sabha 1990 183 2 3.54 5.89
10 th Vidhan Sabha 1993 286 2 7.05 7.86
11 th Vidhan Sabha 1998 170 11 6.15 11.39
12 th Vidhan Sabha 2003 157 2 7.26 10.62
13 th Vidhan Sabha 2008 230 7 8.97 9.29
14 th Vidhan sabha 2013 227 4 6.29 6.42

Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Maharashtra
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
8 th Vidhan Sabha 1990 122 0 0.42 0.98
9 th Vidhan Sabha 1995 145 0 1.49 2.82
10 th Vidhan Sabha 1999 83 0 0.39 1.24
11 th Vidhan Sabha 2004 272 0 4.0 4.18
12 th Vidhan Sabha 2009 287 0 2.35 2.42

Punjab Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Punjab
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
10 th Vidhan Sabha 1992 105 9 16.32 17.59
11 th Vidhan Sabha 1997 67 1 7.48 13.28
12 th Vidhan Sabha 2002 100 0 5.69 6.61
13 th Vidhan Sabha 2007 115 0 4.13 4.17
14 th Vidhan Sabha 2012 117 0 4.28 4.28

Rajasthan Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabhaui Term Rajasthan
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
9 th Vidhan Sabha 1990 205 0 0.79 2.54
10 th Vidhan Sabha 1993 50 0 0.56 2.01
11 th Vidhan Sabha 1998 108 2 2.17 3.81
12 th Vidhan Sabha 2003 124 2 3.97 6.40
13 th vidhan sabha 2008 199 6 7.60 7.66
14 th vidhan sabha 2013 199 3 3.37 3.48

Uttarakhand Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Uttarakhand
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
1 st Vidhan Sabha 2002 68 7 10.93 11.20
2 nd Vidhan Sabha 2007 69 8 11.76 11.76
3 rd Vidhan Sabha 2012 70 3 12.19 12.19

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]