Bai Chunli in 2014, portrait via the Royal Society
September 26, 1953 |
Dandong, Liaoning, China
|Alma mater||Peking University|
Bai Chunli (白春礼) (born September 26, 1953) is President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Professor of Chemistry, CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Nanostructure and Nanotechnology, Institute of Chemistry, Beijing. He also serves as President of The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), the co-chairman of the China Association for Science and Technology and the president of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Education and early life
Bai's father was a primary school teacher who encouraged Bai to read. In 1966, he went to middle school, graduating with a High School Certificate in 1970, at the time of the Cultural Revolution. After high school he joined the Down to the Countryside Movement with other young people. Bai Chunli worked in the Inner Mongolia production and construction corps for four years. In 1974, after the whole soldiers' secret ballot[clarification needed] and the exam, Bai Chunli was recommended to be a student at Peking University graduating in 1978. In 1981 he received a master's degree of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and in 1985 earned a doctor’s degree.
In January 1978, after graduating from the university, Bai Chunli was assigned to the Chinese Academy of Sciences' applied chemistry department, which was the beginning of his research career in the Chinese Academy of Sciences. From 1985 to 1987, he did postdoctoral research in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology. In 1996, he was the Vice President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences; in 2011, he took over from Lu Yongxiang as sixth President of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
As of 2014[update] Bai is currently a part-time professor at Peking University, Tsinghua University, University of Science and Technology of China, Nankai University, and the China University of Geosciences, and a visiting professor at Liaoning Normal University and Nanjing Audit University.
Bai's research is mainly in the field of nanotechnology and scanning tunneling microscopy, where his work focuses on scanning probe microscopy techniques, and molecular nano-structure, as well as nanotechnology research. He has published a large number of books in both Chinese and English. He was an alternate committee member of the 15th and the 16th CPC Central Committee, and the sixth Vice President of the China Association for Science and Technology.
Bai conducted research in areas such as polymer catalyst structure and property, organic compounds of crystal structure X-ray diffraction, molecular mechanics and conductive polymers of EXAFS, etc. He has been engaged in the study of scanning tunneling microscopy, which has been a significant field in nanotechnology (NT), since the mid-1980s. Many of his works, both in Chinese and English, have been published by Germany Springer Publish Company and Scientific Company and many other publishing houses. Furthermore, he has earned many other awards such as Internationalism[clarification needed] which is awarded by the International Chemical Industry association.
Bai Chunli is one of the pioneers in the field of scanning probe microscopy. The laboratory he leads organized much wide-ranging and detailed research. . Bai has made many contributions to STM study nationally and internationally. He has created a team which aims to increase cooperation between China and the United States on the issue of regularly using energy sources. Generally speaking, Bai has devoted himself to shortening the scientific distance between China and foreign countries.
He is the editor of China Basic Science magazine, and plays an important role in the political field. In his youth, he was named the best worker around China and one of China's Top Ten Outstanding Young Persons among other distinctions.
Awards and honours
Bai was elected as an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences as well as an academician of the Third World Academy of Science. Other awards include:
- The award as an academician of TWAS (Third World Academy of Sciences) 发展中国家科学院 (原"第三世界科学院")
- The award as an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences 中国科学院 (化学部) 院士
- Foreign academician of the American Academy of Sciences 美国科学院外籍院士
- Honorary Fellow of the British Royal Society of Chemistry 英国皇家化学会荣誉会士
- Foreign academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences 俄罗斯科学院外籍院士
- Honorary Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences 印度科学院荣誉院士
- Corresponding Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (2013)
- Honorary member of Chinese Association for Science and Technology (2011)
- Elected Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 2014.
His nomination for the Royal Society reads:
|“||Dr. Chunli Bai is one of the pioneers in the field of nanoscience. In the mid-1980s, he successfully designed and developed China’s first atomic force microscope (AFM), scanning tunneling microscope (STM), low-temperature STM, ultrahigh vacuum-STM, and ballistic electron emission microscope. These led to the earliest technological tools in the country for manipulating single atoms and molecules, and characterizing surfaces and interfaces. He successfully established a methodology for the study of molecular assembly on solid substrate surfaces, such as the imaging of functional molecules on graphite surfaces. His use of alkane-assisted adsorption and assembly in this context is particularly noteworthy. Beyond his outstanding scientific achievements, Dr. Bai’s leadership role in Chinese science includes service as the President of the Chinese Chemical Society (1998-2010), and Vice-President (1996-2004), Executive Vice-President (2004-2011) and President (2011-present) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). In 2012 he became the first Chinese President of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS).||”|
On April 13, in the opening ceremony of the Chinese Chemical Society 28th Annual Meeting, Bai Chunli gave a speech. He reviewed the role that chemistry plays in human life, and pointed out that solving the social public security problems is also a mission for chemistry.
On May 1, Bai Chunli attended the closing ceremony of the 14th Sino-US Joint Committee which was held in Beijing, and joined some relevant activities.
May 8, Bai Chunli, as the team leader of the Daya Bay neutrino experiment, he shared the four successful aspects of the experiment with internet users. He insisted that from a governmental and national perspective, there should be a long-term vision and attention on basic research.
- Anon (2013). "Special Issue cover picture: Celebrating Professor Chunli Bai's 60th Birthday". Chemistry - an Asian Journal 8 (10): 2285. doi:10.1002/asia.201390034.
- Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Its Application, Springer, ISBN 9783540657156
- Bai, C (2005). "Global voices of science. Ascent of nanoscience in China". Science 309 (5731): 61–3. doi:10.1126/science.1115172. PMID 15994515.
- Lin, Z. (1998). "The observation of the local ordering characteristics of spermidine- condensed DNA: Atomic force microscopy and polarizing microscopy studies". Nucleic Acids Research 26 (13): 3228. doi:10.1093/nar/26.13.3228.
- Qiu, J. (2011). "Chinese Academy of Sciences has big plans for nation's research". Nature. doi:10.1038/news.2011.180.
- Tian, F.; Xiao, X.; Loy, M. M. T.; Wang, C.; Bai, C. (1999). "Humidity and Temperature Effect on Frictional Properties of Mica and Alkylsilane Monolayer Self-Assembled on Mica". Langmuir 15: 244. doi:10.1021/la981008d.
- Qiu, X.; Wang, C.; Zeng, Q.; Xu, B.; Yin, S.; Wang, H.; Xu, S.; Bai, C. (2000). "Alkane-Assisted Adsorption and Assembly of Phthalocyanines and Porphyrins". Journal of the American Chemical Society 122 (23): 5550. doi:10.1021/ja994271p.
- Li, B. S.; Cheuk, K. K. L.; Salhi, F.; Lam, J. W. Y.; Cha, J. A. K.; Xiao, X.; Bai, C.; Tang, B. Z. (2001). "Tuning the Chain Helicity and Organizational Morphology of anl-Valine-Containing Polyacetylene by pH Change". Nano Letters 1 (6): 323. doi:10.1021/nl015540o.
- Li, B. S.; Cheuk, K. K. L.; Ling, L.; Chen, J.; Xiao, X.; Bai, C.; Tang, B. Z. (2003). "Synthesis and Hierarchical Structures of Amphiphilic Polyphenylacetylenes Carryingl-Valine Pendants". Macromolecules 36: 77. doi:10.1021/ma0213091.
- Jiang, Y.; Zhu, C.; Ling, L.; Wan, L.; Fang, X.; Bai, C. (2003). "Specific Aptamer−Protein Interaction Studied by Atomic Force Microscopy". Analytical Chemistry 75 (9): 2112. doi:10.1021/ac026182s.
- Li, J.; Bai, C.; Wang, C.; Zhu, C.; Lin, Z.; Li, Q.; Cao, E. (1998). "A convenient method of aligning large DNA molecules on bare mica surfaces for atomic force microscopy". Nucleic Acids Research 26 (20): 4785. doi:10.1093/nar/26.20.4785.
- "Bai Chunli-Chinese Academy Of Sciences". English.cas.cn. 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- Cheng, Y. (1999). "Gadolinium induces domain and pore formation of human erythrocyte membrane: An atomic force microscopic study". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes 1421 (2): 249. doi:10.1016/S0005-2736(99)00125-X.
- Yin, S.; Wang, C.; Qiu, X.; Xu, B.; Bai, C. (2001). "Theoretical study of the effects of intermolecular interactions in self-assembled long-chain alkanes adsorbed on graphite surface". Surface and Interface Analysis 32: 248. doi:10.1002/sia.1047.
- "白春礼院士著作". Spm.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- Nanometer Science and Technology (纳米科学与技术)
- "纳米科学与技术丛书编委会在京正式召开，白春礼院长担任主编-科学出版社". Sciencep.cas.cn. 2011-03-24. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- Observations and Control of Atom and Molecule (原子和分子的观察与操纵) http://184.108.40.206/cgi-bin/IlaswebBib?v_index=TITLE&v_value=原子和分子的观察与操纵
- Research and Application of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (扫描力显微术) "扫描隧道显微术研究及其应用 Research and Application of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy". D.wanfangdata.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- "Professor Chunli Bai ForMemRS". London: The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2014-12-22.
- "中科院院长白春礼：看好物理领域获诺贝尔奖_互联网_DoNews-IT门户-移动互联网新闻-电子商务新闻-游戏新闻-风险投资新闻-IT社交网络社区". Donews.com. 2012-04-14. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- 2012年05月03日09:13 来源：中国科学院 (2010-09-09). "白春礼出席中美科技联委会会见活动暨签约仪式-搜狐新闻". News.sohu.com. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- "白春礼:要有长远眼光重视基础研究 _中国新闻_大洋网". News.dayoo.com. Retrieved 2012-06-05.