||This article contains wording that promotes the subject in a subjective manner without imparting real information. (July 2012)|
September 26, 1953|
Dandong, Liaoning, China
|Fields||chemistry and physics|
|Institutions||Chinese Academy of Sciences|
Bai Chunli (白春礼)FAA (born September 26, 1953) is a Chinese scientist. He graduated from Peking University in 1978. In 1981 he received a master's degree of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and in 1985 earned a doctor’s degree. From 1985 to 1987, he was at the California Institute of Technology, engaged in postdoctoral research.He is a professor, a Ph.D. degree, an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences and the The World Academy of Sciences. Currently he is President of The World Academy of Sciences, President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the cochairman of China Association for Science and Technology and the president of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
He mainly engages in the field of important nanotechnology scanning tunneling microscopy study, his work focuses on the scanning probe microscopy techniques, and molecular nano-structure, and nanotechnology research. He has published a large number of books in both Chinese and English. He was the alternate committee member of the 15th and the 16th CPC central committee, and the sixth vice president of the China Association for Science and Technology. In 2011, he became an honorary member of Chinese Association for Science and Technology.
He is now a part-time professor of Peking University, Tsinghua University, University of Science and Technology of China, Nankai University, and China University of Geosciences, and is also a visiting professor at Liaoning Normal University and Nanjing Audit University.
Bai was born in an intellectual family. His father was a primary school teacher. He was fond of reading because of his family environment. In 1966, he went to middle school, graduating after four years. In 1970, for the Cultural Revolution. However, he only got a High School Certificate. During the difficult times, Bai, who was very motivated to studying, had no choice but to go and work in the countryside and mountainous areas with other young people.
Though the work was very tiring, Bai Chunli took full advantage of his spare time to read books which were left by his older brother. He studied the junior high school and high school courses all by himself. At that time, besides being an excellent truck driver outside, he still had another job that concerned about documents, when the telephone operator was not in, he would be responsible for the phone. Therefore, he was often in the wake of a telephone call and then informed the sick or someone in urgent need to live out, and always sent them to the hospitals, and that had happened almost every his night.
Time flew so fast, Bai Chunli had worked in the Inner Mongolia production and construction corps for four years. In 1974, after the whole soldiers' secret ballot[clarification needed] and the exam, Bai Chunli was recommended to be a student of Peking University.
In January 1978, after graduating from the university, Bai Chunli was assigned to the Chinese Academy of Sciences' applied chemistry department; it was the beginning of his research career in the Chinese Academy of Sciences. In 1996, he was the vice President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences; in 2011, he took over from Lu Yongxiang as sixth President of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
During his working career, Bai conducted a large quantity of scientific experiments, such as a polymer catalysts structure and property, organic compounds of crystal structure X-ray diffraction, molecular mechanics and conductive polymer of EXAFS and etc. He has been engaged in the study of scanning tunneling microscopy, which was significant field in nanotechnology (NT), since the mid-1980s. Many of his works, both in Chinese and English, have been published by Germany Springer Publish Company and Scientific Company and many other publishing houses. Furthermore, he has earned quite a few other awards which is important for both him and the whole world. For example, he earned Internationalism[clarification needed] which was awarded by international chemical industry association.
Bai Chunli is one of the pioneers in the field of scanning probe microscopy. The laborotary he leads organized some wide-ranging, deep and effective researches. Bai was elected as academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences as well as academician of the Third World Academy of Science. In the modern world, Bai has made many contributions to STM study nationally and internationally. In the past few months, he has created a team which aims to increase cooperation between China and the United States on the issue of regularly using energy sources. Generally speaking, Bai devotes himself to shortening the scientific distance between China and foreign countries.
Due to his achievements, Bai has gained a lot of awards and had great impact on many people in different fields. He is the editor of China Basic Science magazine, and plays an important role in the political field. He was awarded as the best worker around China and China's Top Ten Outstanding Young Persons and so on.
The books listed below are part of the famous works compiled by Bai Chunli.
- STM and Its Application (扫描隧道显微术及其应用)
- Nanometer Science and Technology (纳米科学与技术)
- Observations and Control of Atom and Molecule (原子和分子的观察与操纵) ic
- Research and Application of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (扫描力显微术)
- Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and its Application (扫描隧道显微术及其应用)
Title of academician
- The award as an academician of TWAS (Third World Academy of Sciences) 发展中国家科学院 (原"第三世界科学院")
- The award as an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences 中国科学院 (化学部) 院士
- Foreign academician of the American Academy of Sciences 美国科学院外籍院士
- Honorary Fellow of the British Royal Society of Chemistry 英国皇家化学会荣誉会士
- Foreign academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences 俄罗斯科学院外籍院士
- Honorary Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences 印度科学院荣誉院士
- Corresponding Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (2013)
According to the news from Chinese Science Academy，in February 28, Chinese Science Academy held a conference which announced that Bai would be the leader of Academy. And Bai made a speech named "how to lead Chinese technology". He said no matter how capable a person was, spirit was more important.
On April 13, in the opening ceremony of the Chinese Chemical Society 28th Annual Meeting, Bai Chunli gave a speech. He reviewed the great role that chemical plays in human life, and pointed out that solving the social public security problems is also the chemical mission. When it referred to Nobel Prize, Bai chunli said that he believed in our physical research field.
On April 13 to 15, the Chinese academy of sciences President Bai Chunli, went to Chengdu for work research. April 28tn, the Chinese academy of sciences President Bai Chunli, went to Shanghai for work research.
On May 1, Bai Chunli attended the closing ceremony of the 14th Sino-US Joint Committee which was held in Beijing, and joined some relevant activities.
May 8, Bai Chunli, as the leadership team leader of the Daya Bay neutrino experiment, shared the four successful aspects of the experiment with internet users. He insisted that from a governmental and national perspective, there should be a long-term vision and attention on basic research.
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- 2012年05月03日09:13 来源：中国科学院 (2010-09-09). "白春礼出席中美科技联委会会见活动暨签约仪式-搜狐新闻". News.sohu.com. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
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