Baia Sprie

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"Kisbánya" redirects here. For the commune sometimes known by this name in Hungarian, see Băiţa, Hunedoara.
Baia Sprie
Town
Coat of arms of Baia Sprie
Coat of arms
Location of Baia Sprie
Location of Baia Sprie
Coordinates: 47°39′39″N 23°41′19″E / 47.66083°N 23.68861°E / 47.66083; 23.68861Coordinates: 47°39′39″N 23°41′19″E / 47.66083°N 23.68861°E / 47.66083; 23.68861
Country  Romania
County Maramureș County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Vasile Dorin Pasca
Area
 • Total 96 km2 (37 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 14,971
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.baiasprie.com/

Baia Sprie (Romanian pronunciation: [ˌbaja ˈspri.e] ( ); Hungarian: Felsőbánya, German: Mittelstadt) is a town in the Maramureş County, northern Romania. The Hungarian version of the town's name means "Upper Mine".

The town administers three villages: Chiuzbaia, Satu Nou de Sus and Tăuții de Sus. Neighbouring communities are the city of Baia Mare and the villages of Groși, Dumbrăvița, Șisești and Desești.

The town was one of the most important mining centers in north-western Romania, exploitation of gold and silver being mentioned in documents written around 1411, the time when the Saxons colonized the region. However, recent administrative changes and restructuring of the Romanian mining industry brought this activity to an almost complete halt.

History[edit]

The first written mention of the settlement dates back to 1329 as "Civitas in medio monte". The town was in Szatmár County, in the Kingdom of Hungary. King Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, as part of treat with Serbian ruler Despotus Stefan Lazarević, gave him Baia Sprie as a gift, at 1411., until Depotus' death in 1426. A year after, lord of Baia Sprie became Stefan's successor Despotus Đurađ Branković of Serbia. In 1567, it was annexed by Prince János Zsigmond, prince of Transylvania. In 1605 - 1606, 1621–1629 and 1645 - 1648 the town and the county were part of the Principality of Transylvania.

In the 1910 census, the following languages were spoken in the township: Hungarian language 93.8%, Romanian language 5.2% and others 1.0%. At the same census the following religions were represented: Roman Catholic 52.1%, Greek Catholic 28.1%, Calvinist 13.3%, Judaism 6.1% and others 0.5%.

From the 1919 to 1940 the town was part of the Kingdom of Romania. Between 1940 and 1944 it was part of Hungary and since 1944 the town has been in Romania. The township belonged alternately to the Baia Mare Region (in 1952–1960), Maramureş Region (1960–1968) and, as of 1968, Maramureş County.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1910 4,422 —    
1930 4,127 −6.7%
1948 3,968 −3.9%
1956 8,134 +105.0%
1966 13,182 +62.1%
1977 15,554 +18.0%
1992 16,059 +3.2%
2002 15,735 −2.0%
2011 14,971 −4.9%
Source: Census data

At the 2011 census, 77.9% of inhabitants were Romanians, 17.3% Hungarians and 4.2% Roma.

The main religious groups in 2002 were 11,344 Romanian Orthodox, 2,739 Roman Catholic, 886 Calvinist and 636 Greek Catholic.

External links[edit]