Baie-Sainte-Catherine, Quebec

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Baie-Sainte-Catherine
Municipality
Baie Sainte Catherine.jpg
Location within Charlevoix-Est RCM.
Location within Charlevoix-Est RCM.
Baie-Sainte-Catherine is located in Central Quebec
Baie-Sainte-Catherine
Baie-Sainte-Catherine
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°06′N 69°44′W / 48.100°N 69.733°W / 48.100; -69.733Coordinates: 48°06′N 69°44′W / 48.100°N 69.733°W / 48.100; -69.733[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Capitale-Nationale
RCM Charlevoix-Est
Settled c. 1820
Constituted November 4, 1903
Government[2]
 • Federal riding Montmorency—Charlevoix
—Haute-Côte-Nord
 • Prov. riding Charlevoix–Côte-de-Beaupré
Area[2][3]
 • Total 416.90 km2 (160.97 sq mi)
 • Land 236.62 km2 (91.36 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 204
 • Density 0.9/km2 (2/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 10.1%
 • Dwellings 191
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0T 1A0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 138
Website www.baiestecatherine.com

Baie-Sainte-Catherine, Quebec is a town in Quebec, Canada. The municipal's territory extends along the Saguenay and Saint Lawrence Rivers, whereas the town itself is on the small St. Catherine Bay, which is located at the confluence of these two rivers. Its elevation is 260 feet.

It is the west terminus of the Baie-Ste-Catherine / Tadoussac ferry, which offers free and frequent service across the Saguenay River to Tadoussac. The ferry is part of Quebec Route 138 which is the main land link to Sept-Îles along the Côte-Nord.

Baie-Sainte-Catherine is a gateway to the Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine Park and to the Saguenay Conservation Park. Therefore it caters to tourism, particularly to whale-watching cruises on the Saint Lawrence and Saguenay Rivers.

History[edit]

Baie-Sainte-Catherine has the reputation of being the location of the historic meeting on May 27, 1603, between François Gravé Du Pont and Samuel de Champlain and the leaders of three Indian nations with whom they concluded an agreement that opened the Saint Lawrence River to French explorers.[4]

On the stormy evening of November 27, 1686, the ship La Catherine went aground and sank in the bay at the mouth of the Saguenay River. On the 1731 map by Laure, this bay was identified as "Ance à la Catherine" (archaic French for "Catherine Cove"). At some uncertain point in time, "Saint" was added, following the former widespread practice in Quebec of sanctifying toponyms.[1][4]

Around 1820, the first permanent settlers came to the Canard River area and formed a farming village. In 1843, William Price built a sawmill at the first falls on Canards River, that operated some ten years. In 1847, the mission was founded, and named "Saint-Firmin" by the bishop of Quebec. Its first cemetery opened in 1865 on Alouettes Point, followed by the first chapel of St. Firmin Mission in 1876, also on Alouettes Point. At the beginning of the 20th century, it transformed into an industrial village when another sawmill and cheese factory operated there.[4]

In 1903, the village was incorporated as the Municipality of Saint-Firmin. But since the place was called Baie-Sainte-Catherine in common use, the municipality officially adopted this name in 1984.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Baie-Sainte-Catherine, Quebec[5]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 312 —    
1996 295 −5.4%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 273 −7.5%
2006 227 −16.8%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2011 204 −10.1%

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 95 (total dwellings: 191)

Language[edit]

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 0%
  • French as first language: 100%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 0%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Baie-Sainte-Catherine (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Baie-Sainte-Catherine
  3. ^ a b Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Baie-Sainte-Catherine
  4. ^ a b c Robert Simard. "Historique" (in French). Municipalité de Baie-Ste-Catherine. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  5. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census