Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 200

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Site 200
Proton with Granat.jpg
A Proton-K with the Granat space observatory on LC-200/40
Launch site Baikonur Cosmodrome
Short name LC-200
Operator RVSN, VKS, RKA
Total launches 193
Launch pad(s) 2
Minimum / maximum
orbital inclination
49° – 99°
Site 200/39 launch history
Status Active
Launches 130
First launch Raduga 6, 20 February 1980
Last launch Satmex 8, 26 March 2013
Associated rockets Proton-K
Proton-M (active)
Site 200/40 launch history
Status Inactive
Launches 64
First launch Raduga 3, 23 July 1977
Last launch Almaz 1, 31 March 1991
Associated rockets Proton-K
Angara (future)

Site 200 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome is a launch site used by Proton rockets. It consists of two launch pads, areas 39 and 40. Area 39 is currently used for Proton-M launches, including commercial flights conducted by International Launch Services. Area 40 is currently inactive, as it was slated to be rebuilt as a launch site for the Angara rocket. Although the project was relocated to Site 250, Area 40 was not put back into service.

A number of planetary probes have been launched from Site 200. Venera 14, Venera 15, Vega 1, Fobos 1 and the failed Mars-96 spacecraft were launched from area 39. Venera 13, Venera 16, Vega 2, Fobos 2 were launched from Area 40. Area 39 was also the launch site for the core of the Mir space station, along with both Kvant modules, and the Kristall module. Salyut 7 and Granat were launched from Area 40.

References[edit]

  • Wade, Mark. "Baikonur LC200/39" (html) (in English). Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 14 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  • Wade, Mark. "Baikonur LC200/40" (html) (in English). Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 15 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 

Coordinates: 46°02′01″N 63°01′44″E / 46.03361°N 63.02889°E / 46.03361; 63.02889