Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 81
A Proton-K with the Zvezda Service Module of the International Space Station during launch from LC-81/23.
|Launch site||Baikonur Cosmodrome|
|Operator||RVSN, VKS, RKA|
|Minimum / maximum
|49° – 99°|
|Site 81/23 launch history|
|First launch||16 July 1965|
|Last launch||27 March 2004|
|Site 81/24 launch history|
|First launch||22 November 1967|
|Last launch||Luch-5B and Yamal-300K, 2 November 2012|
Site 81 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome is a launch site used, along with Site 200, by Proton rockets. It consists of two launch pads, areas 23 and 24. Area 24 is currently used for Proton-K and Proton-M launches, while Area 23 is currently inactive.
Several planetary probes have been launched from Site 81. Area 23 was used to launch Mars 3, Mars 4, Mars 6 and Venera 11, whilst Area 24 was used by Mars 2, Mars 5, Mars 7, Venera 9, Venera 10 and Venera 12. Several Luna probes were also launched from both areas.
The Zarya and Zvezda modules of the International Space Station, as well as Salyut 2, 3 and 5, and the Spektr and Priroda modules of Mir, were launched from Area 23. Area 24 was used to launch Salyut 1, 4 and 6.
- Wade, Mark. "Baikonur LC81/23" (html) (in English). Encyclopedia Astronatuica. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- Wade, Mark. "Baikonur LC81/24" (html) (in English). Encyclopedia Astronatuica. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
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