|• Total||25.9 km2 (10.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||664 m (2,178 ft)|
|• Density||4,250.65/km2 (11,009.1/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Bailhongal (Kannada ಬೈಲಹೊಂಗಲ ) is a city in Belgaum district of Karnataka state in southern India. It is also the name of the surrounding taluk. Bailhongal Taluk is located towards the northeast part of Belgaum. Taluk headquarters is about 45 km from the district headquarters. Previously the taluk was known as Sampgaon. The total geographical area of the taluka is 1122.40 km². There are 126 revenue villages and 14 hamlets with a total population of 356,400 people, according to the 2001 census.
There are important pilgrim places in the taluk. These include Bhartinand Swamiji Math Inchal, Sogal Someshwar Temple, Hafiz Bari Dargah, a Jamia Masjid. Also historical places like Kittur where freedom fighters like Rani Chennamma and Sangolli Rayanna lived and devoted their lives to country for freedom. A major part of the agricultural land is controlled by the Malaprabha irrigation project. There are many educational institutes including Talukas are Saundatti, Gokak, Belgaum.
As of 2001[update] India census, Bailhongal had a population of 43,215.But in 2011 the population was around 78,196 Males make up 51% of the population and females 49%. Bail Hongal has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 72% of the men and 64% of women literate. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.Kannada is main language spoken here. As of 2011, the average literacy rate is 78% with male literacy 85% and female literacy 71% of the total population.
The civic administration of the town is managed by the Bailhongal Municipal Council, which was established as a municipality in 1919. Earlier It was a municipal district governed by Bombay act III of 1906
Today the Municipal Council oversees the engineering works, health, sanitation, water supply, administration and taxation in the city. It is headed by a Municipal President who is assisted by municipal chief officer and council members. The city is divided into 32 wards and the council members (also known as councilors) are elected by the citizens of Bailhongal every five years. The council members in turn choose the Municipal President. The growth and expansion of the city is managed by the Bailhongal Municipal Council which is headed by a municipal chief officer. Its activities include developing new layouts and roads, town planning and land acquisition.
The citizens of Bailhongal elect one representative, currently Mr. Vishwanath Patil, to the Karnataka Legislative Assembly through the constituency of Bailhongal. Bailhongal, being a part of the larger Belgaum Lok Sabha constituency, also elects one member, currently Mr.Suresh Angadi, to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament.
Bailhongal is a major cotton ginning center in north Karnataka. The first cotton ginning and pressing mill was established in 1911
by Late Mr. Shankar Kamat, a young entrepreneur of the town. He imported entire machinery such as cotton gins of Platt Brothers and hydraulic press, steam boiler and turbine etc. from England. This was the most important milestone in the growth and prosperity of the farming community of the region. Today many new and most modern ginning mills are in the town.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the Taluka. The crops grown mainly are cotton groundnut, corn, jowar, wheat, maize, sugarcane etc.
The Agricultural Produce Market Committee is a marketing board established by the state government of Karnataka has a market yard in Bailhongal since 1936. It facilitates farmers to sell their produce and get reasonable price constituted APMC in many towns. Most of the APMC have market yard where traders and other marketing agents are provided godowns and shops for the sale of agricultural products from farmers. Farmers can sell their produce to agents or traders under supervision of APMC.
Places of tourist interest
- Bailhongal Fort: Rani Chennamma was captured and imprisoned by British Raj at Bailhongal Fort, where she died on 21 February 1829.
- Memorial of Rani Chennamma: Rani Chennamma was buried at with full military honors. Her Samadhi is still preserved at Bailhongal.
- Maddi Bhavi(Well): The famous Mallaprabha (Nayanagar) river is the source of drinking water, Maddi Bhavi[well] is a secondary source of drinking water.[clarification needed]
- Ramallinga Temple: Famous Ramallinga Temple of Bailhongal is an architectural expression of Calukya architecture.
Schools and colleges
- M.J. High School – Municipal Jackson High School now renamed as M.S.S.R. All-Boys High School. (Co-education till 7th standard and 8th to 10th standard.)
- M.K.C.R. All-Girls High School – Municipal Kittur Rani Channamma Girls High School (only for girls only 8 th standard to 10th standard)
- SNVVS School – Sri Neelakanteshwar Vidya Vardhak Samsthe .
- KRCES School – Kittur Rani Channamma Education Society
- Kittur Rani Channamma International Residential Sainik School & PU College for Girls, Kittur, Bailhongal
- KLE Polytechnic College
- Kalpavruksha Model School – CBSC
- There are five Govt schools – Kannada Medium School and one Govt Schools – Urdu Medium School
- Ayurvedic Medical College and Research Center from SNVVS.
- BeD College from KRCES.
- Lot of pre-nursery schools (Prerana, KRCES, etc.).
- Arunodaya Vidya Samsthe I.T.I.
- Udaya Institute of Commerce & Computer (recognised by Karnataka Government, examinations conducted by K.S.E.E. Board, Bangalore)
Transportation is provided by Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation buses as well as many prominent private buses which servers to all major destinations in Karnataka. The city has excellent connectivity with a number of major cities like Bengalore Hubli Belgaum. VRL, SRS & KSRTC provides bus service from Bailhongal to Belgaum every 30 minutes. Private buses are more preferred mode of transport due to its wider network and speed. Buses run by private companies are generally considered more comfortable and reliable, with most offering sleeper and air conditioned coaches.
Nearest railway stations
- Belgaum Airport at Sambra.
- Murgod Shri Duradundeshwara Mutt
- Maradi Basaveswar Temple
- Karimani Mallaya Temple
- Sai Baba Temple
- Sogal Someshwar Temple
- Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India
- THE HINDU July 16, 2010
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Karnataka State Gazetteer:Belgaum
- The directory of local self-government in Mysore State By All-India Institute of Local Self-Government1966 Page 29
- APMC Bailhongal
- (??? Where is the fort???) id=ZE_RAAAAMAAJ&q=bailhongal&dq=bailhongal&hl=en&ei=Coh6TLnZO8aDcO_i3KkG&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CFsQ6AEwCQ History of freedom movement in Karnataka: Volume 1 By M. V. Krishna Rao, G. S. Halappa Govt. of Mysore, 1964
- Medieval temples of northern Karnataka built during the rule of the Calukya of Kalyana and thereafter, AD 1000-1300, Volume 2 By Gerard Foekema