Bailey House Museum

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Old Bailey House
Bailey House Maui.jpg
Location 2375 Main Street, Wailuku, Hawaii
Coordinates 20°53′10″N 156°30′25″W / 20.88611°N 156.50694°W / 20.88611; -156.50694Coordinates: 20°53′10″N 156°30′25″W / 20.88611°N 156.50694°W / 20.88611; -156.50694
Area 1 acre (0.40 ha)
Built 1833
Governing body Maui Historical Society
NRHP Reference # 73000678[1]
Added to NRHP March 20, 1973
Kamapua'a statue: a wooden sculpture of the Hawaiian demi-god, created before the early 19th-century purge of the indigenous Hawaiian religion.
An Edward Bailey painting of Maui's central valley and Bailey House, looking west to Wailuku, and the Iao Valley behind it.

The Bailey House Museum, also known as Old Bailey House, is a historic house museum of Hawaiian history and art located in Wailuku, on the island of Maui, in Hawaiʻi. It is owned and operated by the Maui Historical Society. [2] The Bailey House is a historic district contributing property within the Wailuku Civic Center Historic District, and is on the National Register of Historic Places. [3]

Building and history[edit]

Seminary

The stone house is situated at the mouth of the Iao Valley, within the former royal compound of Kahekili II (c. 1737–1794), last ruling chief of Maui. Built in 1833 and being one of the first western-style houses in Wailuku, the “Old Bailey House” is now listed in the National Register of Historic Places.[2]

Originally intended as a mission for adults and children, in 1837 the mission was transformed into the Wailuku Female Seminary, a boarding school that not only taught its students Christianity and academic pursuits, such as the three Rs, but also domestic skills such as sewing and housekeeping. First managed by Theodosia and Rev. Jonathan Smith Green, in 1844 Caroline and Edward Bailey assumed responsibility, shortly after arriving in Hawaii.

Residence

Despite sponsorship by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, the Seminary was closed in 1847, a victim of funding shortfalls. The house and land reverted to the Hawaiian crown but were purchased by the Baileys in 1850. Later, the house and the Baileys' sugar cane fields became part of the Wailuku Sugar Plantation, which then became part of C. Brewer & Co.

Museum

The Maui Historical Society was established in 1951.[4] The Bailey House Museum was opened on July 6, 1957, at that time named Hale Ho`ike`ike (Hawaiian for 'House of Display').[5] Masaru "Pundy" Yokouchi purchased the Bailey House in 1991 and donated it to the Maui Historical Society.[6]

Exhibits[edit]

The Bailey House Museum contains diverse exhibits on two floors of the historic residence, and on the grounds. They include: [6]

First floor
Second floor

The historic house museum displays are represented upstairs on the second floor, where the rooms are furnished as they would have been in early 19th century Hawaii. The museum also houses a significant number of historical papers available to researchers.

Grounds

A small outlying shelter displays Duke Kahanamoku's 1919 redwood surfboard. Also displayed here is the 33-foot (10 m) Honaunau, a 1900s era outrigger canoe used for fishing. The vessel was carved from a single koa log, and is one of the last koa fishing canoes made in Hawaiʻi.[6]

The gardens of the museum grounds are designed to display native Hawaiian plants, including endangered species of Maui and the Hawaiʻian Islands. [8] A gift shop, featuring locally made artisan items, is located on the south of the Old Bailey House. The museum and grounds are open Monday through Saturday, 10 AM to 4 PM.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dorothy Riconda and Robert M. Fox (September 18, 1972). "Old Bailey House nomination form". National Register of Historic Places. U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-03-26. 
  2. ^ a b Maui Historical Society . accessed 3.23.2013
  3. ^ Wailuku Civic Center Historic District tour . accessed 3.23.2013
  4. ^ Maui Historical Society webpage.
  5. ^ "Resolution number 07-105 Congratulatin the Bailey House Museum on its 50th Anniversary". Maui County council. August 2007. Retrieved 2010-03-26. 
  6. ^ a b c Maui Historical Society; undated pamphlet; "Welcome to the Bailey House".
  7. ^ AskART — "Edward Bailey" . accessed April 2008.
  8. ^ Maui Historical Society: "Saving the Endangered Plant Species of Hawaii" . accessed 3.23.2013
  9. ^ official Maui Historical Society website.

External links[edit]