Baillie Scott

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Baillie Scott
Born Mackay Hugh Baillie Scott
(1865-10-23)23 October 1865
Beards Hill, St Peters, [Broadstairs], Kent, England
Died 10 February 1945(1945-02-10) (aged 79)
Elm Grove Hospital, Brighton, Sussex, England
Nationality British
Occupation Architect
Blackwell, near Bowness, Cumbria
Fireplace at Blackwell, an example of Baillie Scott's attention to interior detail, typical of Arts & Crafts architects

Mackay Hugh Baillie Scott (23 October 1865 – 10 February 1945), son of a wealthy Scottish landowner, was a British architect and artist. Through his long career, he designed in a variety of styles, including a style derived from the Tudor, an Arts and Crafts style reminiscent of Voysey and later the Neo-Georgian.[1]

Early life[edit]

Baillie Scott was born at Beards Hill, St Peters near Ramsgate, Kent, the second of ten children. He originally studied at the Royal Agricultural College in Cirencester, but, having qualified in 1885, he decided to study architecture instead.[1] He studied briefly in Bath, but his architectural development was especially marked by the 12 years he spent living in the Isle of Man. The first four years of this time he lived at Alexander Terrace, Douglas. In 1893, he and his family moved to Red House, Victoria Road, Douglas, which he had designed.

Career[edit]

At the beginning of his career, Scott worked with Fred Saunders, with whom he had studied at the Isle of Man School of Art, which is also in Douglas. In May 1891, he was an art teacher. It was at the school of art that Scott and Archibald Knox became friends. He then left Saunders and set up his own business in 23 Athol Street, Douglas. In 1894, in an article in The Studio, he proposed a design having a high central hall with a galleried inglenook between the drawing and dining rooms and separated from them by folding screens. This hypothetical 'ideal house' brought in many commissions.[1]

Scott developed his own Arts and Crafts style however, which progressed towards a simple form of architecture, relying on truth to material and function, and on precise craftsmanship.

Scott was known for the work he put into both the exterior and the interior, and its decoration. He produced nearly 300 buildings over the course of his career.

Notable buildings[edit]

  • Groudle Glen Hotel, Groudle Glen, Isle of Man, 1893
  • Bexton Croft, Knutsford, Cheshire, 1896, Grade II* listed
  • Blackwell, Bowness, Cumbria, 1898–1900, Grade I listed
  • The White House, Helensburgh, Scotland, 1899, Category A
  • Home Close, Sibford Ferris, Oxfordshire, 1911
  • Snowshill Manor gardens, 1920-23
  • Oakhams, 1942
  • Red House, Isle of Man; Majestic Hotel, Onchan, Isle of Man
  • Woodbury Hollow, Loughton, Essex
  • Winscombe House, Crowborough, Sussex
  • Sandford House, Kilmany, Fife, Scotland, Category B
  • Majestic Hotel, Isle of Man (demolished)

Later life[edit]

Scott died at the Elm Grove Hospital (now Brighton General Hospital) in the Elm Grove area of Brighton. His gravestone in Edenbridge, Kent reads: "Nature he loved and next to nature art".

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Davey, Peter (1999) [1980]. Arts and Crafts Architecture. London: Phaidon. ISBN 0 7148 3711 3. 

External links[edit]