Baima is spoken in:
- Pingwu County, Mianyang, Sichuan
- Baimaguhe 白马谷河, Wen County 文县, Gansu
- Wujiao 物角村, Jiuzhaigou County 九寨沟县, Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan
Baima uses subject–object–verb (SOV) word order, initial consonant word clusters and is tonal. It is unclassified within Tibeto-Burman; there are multiple layers of borrowings from Amdo, Khams, and Zhongu Tibetan, as well as lexical and grammatical connections with Qiangic languages. Basic vocabulary is about 85% Tibetan and 15% Qiangic, and the Tibetan words do not link to any established group of Tibetan languages. Chirkova (2008) suggests that the Qiangic vocabulary "might be a retention from the language originally spoken by the Báimǎ before their shift to a form of Tibetan in the 7th century." She accepts Baima as Tibetan, but as an isolate within the Tibetan languages.
- Baima at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Baima". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Katia Chirkova, 2008, "On the position of Báimǎ within Tibetan", in Lubotsky et al (eds), Evidence and Counter-Evidence, vol. 2.
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