Baise

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For other uses, see Baise (disambiguation).
Baise
百色市 · Bwzswz Si
Prefecture-level city
Baise in 2013
Baise in 2013
Location of Baise in Guangxi
Location of Baise in Guangxi
Baise is located in China
Baise
Baise
Location of Baise in Guangxi
Coordinates: 23°54′N 106°37′E / 23.900°N 106.617°E / 23.900; 106.617
Country People's Republic of China
Region Guangxi
County-level divisions 1 district
10 counties
1 autonomous county
Municipal seat Youjiang District
Area
 • Total 36,252 km2 (13,997 sq mi)
Elevation 137 m (449 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,826,300
 • Density 110/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 530000
Area code(s) 0776
Licence plate prefixes 桂L
Website baise.gov.cn

Baise (Chinese: 百色; pinyin: Bǎisè or Bósè (dated); literally: "hundred colours"; Zhuang: Bwzswz, local pronunciation: paːk˧˥ ɬɐk˥) is the westernmost prefecture-level city of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China, bordering Vietnam as well as the provinces of Guizhou and Yunnan.

Geography and climate[edit]

Baise is located in western-northwestern Guangxi bordering Qianxinan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (Guizhou) to the north, Qujing and Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan to the west, the Vietnamese provinces of Hà Giang and Cao Bằng to the south and southwest, and the Guangxi cities of Hechi to the northeast/east, Nanning to the east, and Chongzuo to the southeast. It is centrally located between three provincial capitals: Nanning, Kunming, and Guiyang. Its area is 36,252 km2 (13,997 sq mi) and is more than 55% forested.

Baise has a monsoon-influenced, humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with short, mild, and dry winters, and long, very hot and humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 13.4 °C (56.1 °F) in January to 28.4 °C (83.1 °F) in July, for an annual mean of 21.98 °C (71.6 °F). Rainfall is low compared to more easterly locations in Guangxi, averaging around 1,070 mm (42 in) per annum, a majority of which occurs from June to August. There are 1,706 hours of bright sunshine annually. Significant temperature variation exists in the prefecture; the western parts, with an average elevation surpassing 500 m (1,640 ft), lie along the southeastern fringes of the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau, and hold a climate similar to that of central Yunnan, with much more moderate summer temperatures. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 25% in January and February to 49% in August, the city receives 1,706 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Baise (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
20.1
(68.2)
24.6
(76.3)
29.4
(84.9)
31.8
(89.2)
33.2
(91.8)
33.8
(92.8)
33.6
(92.5)
31.9
(89.4)
28.5
(83.3)
24.2
(75.6)
20.8
(69.4)
27.5
(81.5)
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.8
(53.2)
15.3
(59.5)
19.6
(67.3)
22.3
(72.1)
24.3
(75.7)
24.7
(76.5)
24.2
(75.6)
22.4
(72.3)
19.1
(66.4)
14.8
(58.6)
10.8
(51.4)
18.3
(64.9)
Rainfall mm (inches) 17.1
(0.673)
21.4
(0.843)
35.8
(1.409)
61.4
(2.417)
144.1
(5.673)
180.4
(7.102)
204.5
(8.051)
182.3
(7.177)
106.9
(4.209)
70.6
(2.78)
33.7
(1.327)
12.4
(0.488)
1,070.6
(42.149)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.3 8.6 7.9 10.0 13.5 14.4 15.8 16.3 10.7 9.4 7.2 4.8 126.9
 % humidity 76 74 72 72 75 78 80 81 80 79 78 75 76.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 82.9 78.1 113.8 141.2 163.9 165.0 190.1 194.8 177.7 147.1 125.1 126.1 1,705.8
Percent possible sunshine 25 25 31 37 40 41 46 49 48 41 38 38 38.3
Source: China Meteorological Administration

History[edit]

The name of the city Baise is a Chinese transliteration of its original name in Zhuang language, Baksaek, which probably means jammed (river) outlet. Baise is young by Chinese standards and was founded as a town in 1730. It is the town where Deng Xiaoping, Chen Haoren and other leaders of the Chinese Communist Party organized an uprising against the Nationalist government on December 11, 1929. The uprising was also named Youjiang Rebellion.

Administration[edit]

Baise has 1 urban district, 10 counties, and 1 autonomous county.

District:

Counties:

Autonomous County:

Demographics[edit]

Baise's population was 3,826,300(2010).[1] 80% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group. The rest include Han, Yao, Miao, Hui,and other ethnic groups.[2]

English Name Simplified Traditional Pinyin Zhuang Area Population(2010 )
Youjiang District 右江区 右江區 Yòujiāng Qū Yougyangh Gih 3,713 320,100( Zhuang people is 235,000, 2010)
Tianyang County 田阳县 田陽縣 Tiányáng Xiàn Denzyangz Yen 2,394 338,300 (90.20% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Tiandong County 田东县 田東縣 Tiándōng Xiàn Denzdoeng Yen 2,816 411,500 (85.22% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Pingguo County 平果县 平果縣 Píngguǒ Xiàn Bingzgoj Yen 2,485 470,800 (90.62% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Debao County 德保县 德保縣 Débǎo Xiàn Dwzbauj Yen 2,575 350,800 (97.82% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Jingxi County 靖西县 靖西縣 Jìngxī Xiàn Cingsae Yen 3,322 605,100 (99.71% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Napo County 那坡县 那坡縣 Nàpō Xiàn Nazboh Yen 2,230 195,600 (90.59% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Lingyun County 凌云县 淩雲縣 Língyún Xiàn Lingzyinz Yen 2,053 193,600 (33.13% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Leye County 乐业县 樂業縣 Lèyè Xiàn Lozyez Yen 2,617 167,100 (50.09% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Tianlin County 田林县 田林縣 Tiánlín Xiàn Denzlaem Yen 5,577 243,700 (63.06% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Xilin County 西林县 西林縣 Xīlín Xiàn Saelaem Yen 2,955 151,200 (66.14% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Longlin Various Nationalities Autonomous County 隆林各族自治县 隆林各族自治縣 Lónglín Gèzú Zìzhìxiàn Xiàn Lungzlaem Gozcuz Swci Yen 3,542 378,500 (53.68% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
  • These figures are based on the following official statistics:

[3]

Economy[edit]

Baise is one of China's most important producers of aluminum with both aluminum ore mining and almuinum product manufacturing. Baise's tropical climate make it a major food producer, especially fruits. Other natural resources include forest products, petroleum, natural gas, copper, and quartz. Baise is also Guangxi's third biggest producer of hydropower with 5 million kilowats produced annually.

Tourism[edit]

Baise is blessed with beautiful natural scenery. Forested mountains harbor numerous species of plants and animals. The border areas are some of the least developed lands left in China. These features along with unique ethnic minority culture and important historical sites make it a growing tourist destination.[4]

Transportation[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°54′N 106°37′E / 23.900°N 106.617°E / 23.900; 106.617