Baitul Mukarram

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Baitul Mukarram
বায়তুল মুকাররম
Baitul Mukarram (Arabic, بيت المكرّم; Bengali, বায়তুল মুকাররম; The Holy House).jpg
The structure of Baitul Mukarram resembles the Kaaba in Mecca
Basic information
Location Bangladesh Dhaka, Bangladesh
Geographic coordinates 23°43′46″N 90°24′46″E / 23.7294°N 90.4128°E / 23.7294; 90.4128
Affiliation Hanafi/Sunni
Year consecrated 1959
Status active
Architectural description
Architect(s) T Abdul Hussain Thariani
Architectural style Islamic architecture
Groundbreaking 27 January 1960
Completed 1968
Specifications
Capacity 40,000
Height (max) 99 feet

Baitul Mukarram (Arabic: بيت المكرّم‎; Bengali: বায়তুল মুকাররম; The Holy House) is the national mosque of Bangladesh.[1] Located at the center of Dhaka, capital of Bangladesh, the mosque was completed in 1968.[2] The mosque has a capacity of 30,000, giving it the respectable position of being the 10th biggest mosque in the world. However the mosque is constantly getting overcrowded. This especially occurs during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, which has resulted in the Bangladeshi government having to add extensions to the mosque, thus increasing the capacity to at least 40,000.[3]

Architecture[edit]

The mosque has several modern architectural features whilst at the same time it preserves the traditional principles of Mughal architecture which has for some time been dominant in the Indian sub-continant. Baitul Mukarram's large cube shape was modeled to that of the Ka'abah at Mecca making it a noticeable structure being unlike any other mosque in Bangladesh.

Exterior design[edit]

The mosque is on a very high platform. The Baitul Mukarram Mosque’s building is eight storied and 99 feet high from the ground level. According to the original plan, the main entrance of the mosque was to be on the eastern side. The 'shaan' on the east is 29,000 square feet with ablution space on its south and north sides. Ablution or Wu’du Place cached an important part when the Baitul Mukarram was begun. The absence of a dome on the main building is compensated by the two superficial domed entrance porticoes, one on the south, and the other on the north. The height of these porticoes consists of three rabbit's foot shaped arches, the middle of which is bigger than the rest.

Interior design[edit]

Two patios (roofless inner courtyard) ensure that enough light and air enter the prayer hall of Baitul Mukarram Mosque. The mehrab of the hall is rectangular instead of semi-circular. Excessive ornamentation is avoided throughout the mosque, since minimizing ornamentation is typical of modern architecture.

Garden[edit]

The garden is laid out in a style borrowed heavily from Mughal gardens, however unlike the traditional Mughal gardens which represent the Islamic Heaven, the garden does not have the Char-Bagh system most likely due to not having enough room for such a garden. The future of this garden is unknown, if the Bangladeshi government extends the mosque, it will most likely have to remove the garden.

History[edit]

The mosque complex was designed by architect, T Abdul Hussain Thariani. The construction of Baitul Mukarram Masjid began on 27 January 1960, and has been going on in periods. At first Abdul Latif Ibrahim Bawany came about with the proposal of building a grand mosque with a large capacity. The plan included shops, offices, libraries and parking areas within the complex. Though there has been a tradition of dome mosque for Muslim, this building did not maintain the rule of traditional mosque in that time. A Mosque without a dome over the roof of its main prayer hall must have been a unique experiment. The mosque was built when the country was the Part of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

Khatibs[edit]

Khatibs Of Baitul Mukarram
Serial No. Year Name Comments
1 1963 Mawlānā Abdur Rahman Bekud
2 1963-1964 Mawlānā Jafar Ahmed Usmani Writer of the famous Book Ilahus Sunan
3 1964-1974 Mufti Sayed Muhammd Amimul Ehasan Barkati (Mufti Amimul Ehasan) The Only Sayyid Khatib in The history of Baitul Mukarram, Has been authored more than 200 books, some renowned are, Fiqhus-sunan wal Athar, Qawa'idul-Fiqh, Fatwae Barkati. He also prepare the 5 time Salat (Prayer) chart for Bangladesh.
4 1974-1984 Mufti Mawlānā Abdul Moeez
5 1984-2007 Mawlānā Ubaidul Haq The longest serving Khatib of the mosque. Served until his death in 2007.[4]
6 2007-2009 Hafez Mufti Muhammad Nurriddin (Acting)
7 2009 - Present. Professor Mawlānā Muhammad Salah Uddin



See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Baitul Mukarram-the National Mosque of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Embassy at Bhutan website.
  2. ^ Thariani and Co: Architects and Engineers. Booklet in section under projects completed "mosques".
  3. ^ Md Shahidul Amin , Baitul Mukarram Mosque, Banglapedia: The National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Retrieved: 2012-02-15
  4. ^ Baitul Mukarram Khatib laid to rest, www.snnbd.com, Retrieved 14/07/2013.

External links[edit]