Baiturrahman Grand Mosque

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 5°33′13″N 95°19′1.9″E / 5.55361°N 95.317194°E / 5.55361; 95.317194

Masjid Raya Baiturrahman

Baiturrahman Grand Mosque

Location Indonesia Banda Aceh, Indonesia
Branch/tradition Sunni (Shafi'i)
Architectural information
Style Aceh Sultanate
Capacity 30,000
Dome(s) 7 Dome
Minaret(s) 5 Minaret

Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is a grand Mosque located in the center of Banda Aceh city, Aceh Province, Indonesia. The Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is a symbol of religion, culture, spirit, strength, struggle and nationalism of Acehnese people. This Banda Aceh's landmark Mosque has survived the devastating 2004 tsunami.

When the Kingdom of the Netherlands attacking the Sultanate of Aceh on the second Dutch military aggression 10 April 1873, Baiturrahman Grand Mosque burned. Then, in 1877 the Dutch rebuild Mosque Baiturrahman to attract attention and reduce anger Acehnese. At the time of the Sultanate of Aceh was still under the rule of Sultan Muhammad Daud Shah Johan Berdaulat.

As a historic place that has high artistic value, Baiturrahman Mosque became a place of religious tourism is able to make every tourist who comes will be amazed of the history and the beauty of its architecture, which Baiturrahman Mosque is one of the most beautiful mosques in Indonesia, which has stunning architecture, carving Interestingly, large yard with an Empire style of Moghul and Turkey and will be felt cool if this was in the mosque.


History[edit]

The Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is the Aceh Sultanate Mosque, The mosque was designed by an Italian architect and built by the Dutch colonial administration as a token of reconciliation following their destruction of an older mosque during the Aceh Wars. Construction of the mosque commenced in 1879 and was completed in 1881. The initial mosque were smaller and consist of a single dome. Years later the mosque were renovated and expanded by constructing additional wings. The mosque survived the massive 2004 tsunami which destroyed much of the rest of the city of Banda Aceh.

Architecture and design[edit]

The design of the Mosque combines influences of European colonial and Moghul Indian Islamic Architecture. The black domes are uniquely constructed from hard wood shingles combined as tiles. The mosque incorporates a few traditional Aceh decorative elements and features. Today the mosque is the famous landmark of Banda Aceh and has become the symbol of the city also represents the cultural uniqueness of the Acehnese people.

Replica[edit]

In Minimundus Park, Klagenfurt, Karintia, Austria we can see the replica of The Baiturrahman Grand Mosque.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]