Baiturrahman Grand Mosque
|Masjid Raya Baiturrahman|
Baiturrahman Grand Mosque
|Location||Banda Aceh, Indonesia|
|Style||European (Dutch) colonial and Moghul Indian|
Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is a grand Mosque located in the center of Banda Aceh city, Aceh Province, Indonesia. The Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is a symbol of religion, culture, spirit, strength, struggle and nationalism of Acehnese people. This Banda Aceh's landmark Mosque has survived the devastating 2004 tsunami.
When the Colonial administration of the Dutch East Indies attacked the Kraton During the First Aceh Expedition on 10 April 1873, the Acehnese attacked the KNIL from the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque. By shooting some Flares on the thatched roof the mosque cathed fire. General van Swieten promised the local rulers he would rebuilt the mosque and create a warm place for mercy. In 1879 the Dutch rebuild the Mosque Baiturrahman as a gift to -and reduce anger of the Acehnese. On 27 december 1881 it was donated to Banda Aceh. At this time of the Sultanate of Aceh was still under the rule of Sultan Muhammad Daud Shah Johan Berdaulat.
The people of Ache were at first not very enthusiastic about this mosque built by Dutch unbelievers, today the people of Banda Aceh are very proud of their 'Grand Mosque'.
As a historic place that has high artistic value, Baiturrahman Mosque became a place of (religious) tourism. Baiturrahman Mosque is one of the most beautiful mosques in Indonesia, which has stunning architecture, Interestingly carving , a large yard with an Empire style of Moghul.
The Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is the Aceh Sultanate Mosque, The mosque was designed by a Dutch architect Bruins and built by the Dutch colonial administration as a reconciliation following the destruction of an older mosque during the Aceh Wars. Construction of the mosque commenced in 1879 and was completed in 1881. The original mosque was smaller and consisted of a single dome. Years later the mosque was renovated and expanded by constructing additional wings. The mosque survived the massive 2004 tsunami, because of it's high standard (European) contruction, which destroyed much of the rest of the city of Banda Aceh.
Architecture and design
The design of the Mosque combines influences of European (Dutch) colonial and Moghul Indian Islamic Architecture, it has no influence of Acehnese archtecture. The black domes are uniquely constructed from hard wood shingles combined as tiles. The marmer of the interior is from China and the windows from Belgium. The building stones are from the Netherlands. Today the mosque is the famous landmark of Banda Aceh and has become the symbol of the city and also represents the cultural uniqueness of the Acehnese people.
In Minimundus Park, Klagenfurt, Karintia, Austria a replica of The Baiturrahman Grand Mosque was built.
- Oey, Eric M. Sumatra. Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd., 1996.
- Mesjid Besar Baiturrahman
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