Street in Bajmok, the Catholic Church, and bell-tower of the Orthodox church
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Bajmok (Serbian Cyrillic: Бајмок; Hungarian: Bajmok, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈbɒjmok]) is a village located in the Subotica municipality, in the North Bačka District of Serbia. It is situated in the autonomous province of Vojvodina. The village is ethnically mixed and its population was 8,586 at the 2002 census.
In Serbian Cyrillic the village is known as Бајмок, in Serbian Latin as Bajmok, in Hungarian as Bajmok, in Bunjevac as Bajmok or Bajmak, in Croatian as Bajmak (since 2009) or Bajmok (before 2009), and in German as Nagelsdorf.
The first written documents relating to Bajmok came from the fifteenth century. Then the village was for the first time officially mentioned as a village. King Matthias gave it to his mother, Erzebet Szilágyi. The deed of donation was confirmed on 16 February 1462.
During Ottoman administration (16th-17th century), two villages with this name were mentioned: Bajmok and Novi Bajmok. Both villages had about 20 houses. Population was composed of ethnic Serbs. These villages existed until the beginning of the 18th century when they were abandoned.
The village was rebuilt between 1770 and 1785. In this time, settlers were mainly Bunjevci and Hungarians. At the time of the Hungarian revolution, in the fields of this village there was a conflict between the Hungarian and the Vojvodinian Serb army, won by the Hungarians. In 1910, population of the village was mainly composed of Hungarians, Bunjevci and Germans, with some Serbs living there as well.
After World War I, new Serb settlers came to the village. During the Second World War, this village was under the Hungarian occupation. Many of the citizens were exiled from their homes (including the Hungarian population) in order to make room for Csango newcomers. Bajmok was liberated from the Hungarian fascists on 19 October 1944. After World War II, 2,090 (mostly Serb) colonists settled in Bajmok, which enlarged village population to 11,789. Until 1991, the largest ethnic group in the village were Hungarians, while 2002 census recorded that Serbs are most numerous ethnic group in Bajmok.
Ethnic groups (2002 census)
The population of the village included:
- 2,900 (33.78%) Serbs
- 2,450 (28.54%) Hungarians
- 1,266 (14.75%) Bunjevci
- 700 (8.15%) Croats
- 454 (5.29%) Yugoslavs
- 102 (1.19%) Montenegrins
- 653 (8.3%) others
- 1961: 11,714
- 1971: 10,861
- 1981: 9,586
- 1991: 8,620
- Antal Mojzeš, Radnički pokret u Bajmoku, Subotica : NIO Subotičke novine, 1984; page 5
- Antal Mojzeš, Radnički pokret u Bajmoku, Subotica : NIO Subotičke novine, 1984; page 6
- "Kaponjska bitka" in Bajmok, Szabadka: Grafoprodukt; 2002. page 270
- Antal Mojzeš, Radnički pokret u Bajmoku, Subotica : NIO Subotičke novine, 1984; page 84
- Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bajmok.|
- www.bajmok.co.rs (Serbian)
- www.subotica.com/tag/bajmok (Serbian)
- www.subotica.rs/sr/1051/mz-bajmok (Serbian)