||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Croatian Wikipedia. (March 2009)|
Old part of Bakar, Croatia
|Named the city Bakar for the first time||1288|
|Declared a free city||May 13, 1798|
|Acquired the status of Royal Borough||April 23, 1799|
|• Mayor||Tomislav Klarić|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Bakar (Italian: Buccari, Turkish: Bakır (copper), Hungarian: Szádrév) is a town in the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County in western Croatia. The population of the town was 8,279 according to the 2011 Croatian census, including 1,473 in the titular settlement. Ninety percent of the population declared themselves Croats by ethnicity. The largest ethnic minorities are Serbs (3%) and Bosniaks (2%). The old part of Bakar is situated on a hill overlooking the Bay of Bakar. "Bakar" is the Croatian and Turkish word for copper.
Bakar is a port for bulk cargo and used to be known for its industrial complex that included coke factory which produced considerable amount of pollution. Bakar's coke factory was closed in 1995 and the area's pollution has subsided significantly.
|Population of settlements in Bakar, 2011:|
Coat of arms
Bakar was granted its coat of arms and town privileges in 1799 by Empress Maria Theresa. The coat of arms was in the artistic style typical for the period, with a cartouche with large landscapes and ornamentation around the shield within a circular inscription.
The shield of the coat of arms features a red-and-white checkered top or "chief", with three local gray stone castles on green hills in the middle, and a black anchor on orange at the bottom.
- Turkish house: built by an unknown architect, possibly in the 14th century, this peculiar building resembles Ottoman architecture. Following 1965 reconstruction the house served as an artistic atelier.
- Roman house: former monastery, built in the 18th century
- Parish church of St. Andrew the Apostle: originally built in the 12th century and destroyed in 1323 by earthquake. In the Middle Ages its catacombs were used for wealthy people to hide from plague that passed the city. It is the third largest late Baroque church in Croatia.
- Kaštel (Castel): A castle built in the 16th century by the order of Emperor Ferdinand I and used as a protection against the Turks. It has three kitchens, two dungeons, little chapel of St. Michael, and many other rooms.
World War I
In February 1918 during WW I Gabriele D'Annunzio took part in a daring, if militarily irrelevant, naval raid on the harbour of Bakar (known in Italy as La beffa di Buccari, lit. the Bakar Mockery), helping to raise the spirits of the Italian public.
World War II
- "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Bakar". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
- Ivanka Zamida: a survivor's testimonial, from 2013 exhibition "The Last Witnesses", National Museum for Contemporary History, Ljubljana
- Bakar concentration camp, Online Research project
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