Bakasura

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For other uses, see Bakasura (disambiguation).
Bakasura
Bhima fighting with Bakasura color.jpg
Bakasura was beaten by Bhima
Devanagari बकासुर
Sanskrit Transliteration Bakasura
Affiliation Asura

'Bakasura, (also called baksur) (बकासुर) a great Asura who lived near the city of Ekachakra (sometimes Chakranagari), and forced the Raja of the place to send him daily a large quantity of provisions, which he devoured, and not only the provisions, but the men who carried them. Under the directions of Kunti, her son Bhima was sent to Bakasura for his food.

Story in the Epic Mahabharatha[edit]

The Pandavas and their mother Kunti were in exile. Once while going from place to place, they reached a quiet village. There they stayed in the house of a Brahmin villager who had graciously provided shelter to the Pandavas. The Brahmin had one elder daughter and a little boy. Few days was spent in peace and happiness. One day mother Kunti heard cries from the Brahmin's house. She went to his house to see what was happening. Each member of the family were willing to sacrifice their life. The Brahmin was saying that it was his responsibility to sacrifice life as he is the head of the household and it was his duty to save the family. The wife was stating that it was her duty towards the family. The daughter intervened saying that it was her duty to offer the life. In a similar way, the son was also volunteering. Kunti didn't understand the reason behind this conversation. When she calmly requested the Brahmin to explain, he narrated the story of Bakasura. The Brahmin explained the agreement the king had with the demon about a villager taking a carload of food and the demon eating both the man. The demon had killed many of the villagers in that manner and added that it was their family's turn that month and one member from his family has to take food and offer themselves as food to the demon. Listening to this Kunti said she would send one of her son to Bakasura and save the Brahmin family. She added that the guest becomes a part of the family's happiness and problems and that the problem of the Brahmin's family was her problem too and had complete rights to solve the Brahmin's family problems. When the Brahmin insisted not to go, Kunti added that she had five sons, and even if one son is dead, she had four more. She finally convinced the Brahmin to send one of her own son's to Bakasura and insisted that the Brahmin has to survive and take care of his wife and children. Since she knew that as it would be very difficult for the wife to bring up the children without the husband as she herself was in that situation.

After discussion with the Pandavas, it was decided that Bhima would go to Bakasura to save the family and people of Ekachakra nagar. Hence, Bhima took the stead of a bait villager and went with supplies to Bakasura. When Bhima reached the forest, he found Bakasura. In order to irate him, Bhima himself ate all the food. Bakasura's anger knew no bounds. A fierce battle erupted between the two and finally, Bhima killed Bakasura.

The Brahmin family and the entire village of Ekachakranagar was relieved from the fear of Bakasura. When the news of Bakasura's death reached the village, everyone were delighted. They wanted to felicitate the person who killed Bakasura and everyone decided to assemble in the Brahmin's house. When the Pandavas came to know about this, they decided to leave Ekachakranagar before the assembly visits thinking that their identity would be known in the period of their exile. Thus ended the story of Bakasura.

It is rumored that the city of Ekachakra is a small village near the town of Rampurhat in the state of West Bengal. It is in this city that the Pandavas were staying during their exile. As per other sources, the city of Ekachakra (Ekchakra-nagari) is attributed to a contemporary village Erandol, Jalgaon district, maharashtra. Today, tourists on the outskirts of Erandol can see the fallen rice markings of that era and a nearby water pond. Nearby Padmalay Ganesh temple on the hills is also an important tourist and pilgrim destination.

Pratapgarh district in Uttar Pradesh is ancient religious site Bhayaharan Nath Dham's legends said Bakasura monster was killed in South Pratapgarh which was called as Dwaitwan"' .Here remains were found on several Pandav sculptures.After Bhima killed the demon cannibal Bakasura, a Shiva Lingam was established here, which today is well known and famed as Bhayaharan Nath Dham"' and it's the story of the Pandavas and Bakasura, the indelible marks of history.This Lord Shiva temple of the Mahabharata epic times is a magnificent venue and is very important to see, where people have come from every corner of country.

References[edit]

  • Dowson's Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology
  • Acharya Chandra Shekhar Shastri: Puranon ki Anmol Kahanian, 2006 ISBN 81-902258-6-3