Baker, Montana

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Baker, Montana
City
Fallon County Library
Fallon County Library
Nickname(s): "Friendly City"
Location of Baker, Montana
Location of Baker, Montana
Coordinates: 46°21′53″N 104°16′30″W / 46.36472°N 104.27500°W / 46.36472; -104.27500Coordinates: 46°21′53″N 104°16′30″W / 46.36472°N 104.27500°W / 46.36472; -104.27500
Country United States
State Montana
County Fallon
Area[1]
 • Total 1.07 sq mi (2.77 km2)
 • Land 0.97 sq mi (2.51 km2)
 • Water 0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)
Elevation 2,936 ft (895 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,741
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,827
 • Density 1,794.8/sq mi (693.0/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 59313, 59354
Area code(s) 406
FIPS code 30-03475
GNIS feature ID 0802008
Website http://www.bakermt.com/

Baker is a city in and the county seat of Fallon County, Montana, United States.[4] The population was 1,741 at the 2010 census.[5]

It was named after A.G. Baker, an engineer with the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad.[6]

History[edit]

Baker was built along the transcontinental rail line of the Milwaukee Road near where the railroad created a lake to supply water to its steam locomotives. The city was known as Lorraine for a brief time before being renamed in honor of Milwaukee Road engineer A.G. Baker. A successful Milwaukee Land Company campaign to attract homesteaders to the area allowed the city to grow and serve a large community of dryland farmers. Additional growth occurred following the 1912 discovery of oil and natural gas deposits nearby.[6]

Geography[edit]

Baker is located at 46°21′53″N 104°16′30″W / 46.36472°N 104.27500°W / 46.36472; -104.27500 (46.364817, −104.275089).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.07 square miles (2.77 km2), of which 0.97 square miles (2.51 km2) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2) is water.[1]

Sandstone rock is the predominant feature. Nearby Medicine Rocks State Park has many unusual sandstone rock formations.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,067
1930 1,212 13.6%
1940 1,304 7.6%
1950 1,772 35.9%
1960 2,365 33.5%
1970 2,584 9.3%
1980 2,354 −8.9%
1990 1,818 −22.8%
2000 1,695 −6.8%
2010 1,741 2.7%
Est. 2012 1,827 4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,741 people, 763 households, and 459 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,794.8 inhabitants per square mile (693.0 /km2). There were 884 housing units at an average density of 911.3 per square mile (351.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 763 households of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.8% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.89.

The median age in the city was 39.3 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.4% were from 25 to 44; 27.8% were from 45 to 64; and 16.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.6% male and 49.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,695 people, 694 households, and 455 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,974.8 people per square mile (761.0/km²). There were 855 housing units at an average density of 996.2 per square mile (383.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.11% White, 0.24% African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.24% of the population.

There were 694 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,893, and the median income for a family was $42,375. Males had a median income of $30,667 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,461. About 7.7% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Baker experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry winters and hot, wetter summers.

Climate data for Baker, Montana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 66
(19)
70
(21)
80
(27)
92
(33)
100
(38)
110
(43)
111
(44)
100
(38)
105
(41)
94
(34)
79
(26)
68
(20)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 28
(−2)
35
(2)
45
(7)
58
(14)
69
(21)
79
(26)
87
(31)
86
(30)
75
(24)
61
(16)
42
(6)
32
(0)
58.1
(14.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 16
(−9)
23
(−5)
33
(1)
44
(7)
55
(13)
64
(18)
71
(22)
70
(21)
58
(14)
46
(8)
30
(−1)
19
(−7)
44.1
(6.8)
Average low °F (°C) 3
(−16)
11
(−12)
20
(−7)
30
(−1)
41
(5)
50
(10)
55
(13)
53
(12)
42
(6)
31
(−1)
18
(−8)
7
(−14)
30.1
(−1.1)
Record low °F (°C) −52
(−47)
−45
(−43)
−32
(−36)
−9
(−23)
7
(−14)
23
(−5)
35
(2)
27
(−3)
12
(−11)
−16
(−27)
−32
(−36)
−45
(−43)
−52
(−47)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.55
(14)
0.44
(11.2)
0.77
(19.6)
1.38
(35.1)
2.28
(57.9)
2.43
(61.7)
1.77
(45)
1.44
(36.6)
1.37
(34.8)
1.25
(31.8)
0.59
(15)
0.42
(10.7)
14.69
(373.4)
Source: The Weather Channel[10]

Transportation[edit]

The Baker Municipal Airport is located one nautical mile (1.15 mi, 1.85 km) southeast of Baker's central business district.[11]

Education[edit]

Baker High School has an enrollment of 140, which places it in class B within the Montana high school sports system. The school mascot is the 'Spartan'.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Montana Place Names Companion". Montana Place Names From Alzada to Zortman. Montana Historical Society Research Center. Retrieved May 9, 2011. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Monthly Averages for Baker, MT". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 
  11. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for BHK (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective June 30, 2011.

External links[edit]