Baker Street tube station

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Baker Street
London Underground
BakerStEntrance.JPG
Station entrance
Baker Street is located in Central London
Baker Street
Baker Street
Location of Baker Street in Central London
Location Marylebone
Local authority City of Westminster
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 10
Fare zone 1
OSI Marylebone (National Rail) [1]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Increase 26.28 million[2]
2011 Increase 27.02 million[3]
2012 Increase 27.74 million[3]
2013 Increase 28.10 million[3]
Key dates
1863 (1863) Opened (MR)
1868 Opened (MR platforms to north)
1906 Opened (BS&WR, as terminus)
1907 Extended (BSWR - Marylebone)
1939 Started (Bakerloo to Stanmore)
1961 Ended (Met to Aylesbury)
1979 Ended (Bakerloo to Stanmore)
1979 Started (Jubilee line)
1990 Ended (Met to H'smith/Barking)
1990 Started (Hammersmith & City)
Listed status
Listing grade II* (since 28 June 2010)
Entry number 1239815[4]
Added to list 26 March 1987
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°31′19″N 0°09′25″W / 51.522°N 0.157°W / 51.522; -0.157

Baker Street tube station is a station on the London Underground at the junction of Baker Street and the Marylebone Road. The station lies in Travelcard Zone 1 and is served by five different lines. It is one of the original stations of the Metropolitan Railway (MR), the world's first underground railway, opened in 1863.[5]

On the Circle and Hammersmith & City lines it is between Great Portland Street and Edgware Road. On the Metropolitan line it is between Great Portland Street and Finchley Road. On the Bakerloo line it is between Regent's Park and Marylebone, and on the Jubilee line it is between Bond Street and St. John's Wood.

Location[edit]

The station has entrances on Baker Street, Chiltern Street (ticket holders only) and Marylebone Road. Nearby attractions include Regent's Park, Lord's Cricket Ground, the Sherlock Holmes Museum and Madame Tussauds.

History[edit]

Main ticket hall
Lower level ticket hall
Baker Street roundel

Baker Street station was opened by the MR on 10 January 1863 (these platforms are now served by the Circle and Hammersmith & City lines).[5] On 13 April 1868, the MR opened the first section of Metropolitan and St John's Wood Railway as a branch from its existing route. This line, serving the open-air platforms, was steadily extended to Willesden Green and northwards, finally reaching Aylesbury Town and Verney Junction (some 50 miles/80 km from Baker Street) in 1892. The MR station mainly competed for traffic with Euston, where the LNWR provided local services to Middlesex and Watford, and later with Marylebone, where the GCR provided expresses to Aylesbury and beyond on the same line.

Over the next few decades this section of the station was extensively rebuilt to provide four platforms. The current Metropolitan line layout largely dates from 1925, and the bulk of the surface buildings, designed by architect Charles Walter Clark, also date from this period.

The Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR, now the Bakerloo line) opened on 10 March 1906; Baker Street was the temporary northern terminus of the line until it was extended to Marylebone station on 27 March 1907.[5] The original station building stood on Baker Street and served the tube platforms with lifts, but these were supplemented with escalators in 1914, linking the Metropolitan line and the Bakerloo line platforms by a new concourse excavated under the Metropolitan line.[6]

On 20 November 1939, following the construction of an additional southbound platform and connecting tube tunnels between Baker Street and Finchley Road stations, the Bakerloo line took over the Metropolitan line's stopping services between Finchley Road and Wembley Park and its Stanmore branch. The current Bakerloo ticket hall and escalators to the lower concourse were provided in conjunction with the new service.[7] The Jubilee line added an extra northbound platform and replaced the Bakerloo line service to Stanmore from its opening on 1 May 1979.[5]

On 23 August 1973, a bomb was found in a carrier bag in the ticket hall.[8] The bomb was defused by the bomb squad. A week later, on 30 August, a member of staff found another bomb left on the overbridge. Again, it was defused without any injury.[9]

Today[edit]

Unique tile-work in this station, commemorates the fictional Sherlock Holmes's association with Baker Street
A Hammersmith and City Line train to Barking arrives at Baker Street's oldest platforms built in 1863
Sub surface line platforms country end

Of the MR's original stations, the sub-surface Circle and Hammersmith and City line platforms are the best preserved. Plaques along the platform show old plans and photographs of the station.

The station layout is rather complex. The sub-surface station is connected to the open-air Metropolitan line station. This is a terminus for some Metropolitan line trains, but there is also a connecting curve that joins to the Circle line just beyond the platforms that allows Metropolitan line trains to run to Aldgate in the City of London.

Below this is a deep-level tube station for the Bakerloo and Jubilee lines. These are arranged in a cross-platform interchange, and there are connections between the two lines just to the north of the station. With ten platforms overall, Baker Street has the most London Underground platforms of any station on the network.

Outside the Marylebone Road exits, a large statue of Sherlock Holmes commemorates the fictional detective's association with 221B Baker Street. A restoration in the 1980s on the oldest portion of the Baker Street station brought it back to something similar to its 1863 appearance.

The station is operated by the Metropolitan line management team. Offices of the line are within the vicinity of the station.[citation needed]

Step-free access project[edit]

In 2008 TfL proposed a project to provide step-free access to the sub-surface platforms. The project was a TfL-funded Games-enabling project in its investment programme (and not a project specifically funded as a result of the success of the London 2012 Games bid).[10] The project was included in the strategy on accessible transport published by the London 2012 Olympic Delivery Authority and the London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games.[11]

Access to the Metropolitan line platforms 1-4 (serving trains to and from Finchley Road) would be provided by a bridge from the Bakerloo and Jubilee line ticket hall, with a lift from the bridge to each island platform. Through a passage from platforms 1-2, this would also give step-free access to platform 5 (Circle and Hammersmith & City line eastbound trains). Access to platform 6 (Circle and Hammersmith & City line westbound trains) would be provided by demolishing the triangular building outside the station, on the north side of Marylebone Road, and taking over the public pedestrian subway under Marylebone Road to provide a link between a lift up from platform 5 to the subway and a lift at the other end of the subway down to platform 6. The replacement for the triangular building would also act as an emergency exit for the station.[12]

TfL applied for planning permission and listed building consent for providing access to platforms 5 and 6 on 1 October 2008, but the application was subsequently withdrawn. (The part of the proposed scheme to provide step-free access to platforms 1-4 is within TfL's permitted development rights, and so does not require planning permission.)[13] TfL announced on 31 March 2009 that because of budgetary constraints the step-free scheme would be deferred.[14]

Platform lengthening[edit]

In order to accommodate the new, longer S stock trains, which started operating certain Metropolitan line services in August 2010, platforms 1 and 4 have been extended.[15]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 18 June 1925, electric locomotive No.4 collided with a passenger train when a signal was changed from green to red just as the locomotive was passing it. Six people were injured.[16]

Connections[edit]

London Buses Routes 2, 13, 18, 27, 30, 74, 82, 113, 139, 189, 205, 274, 453 and Night Routes N13, N18, N74, N113 and N205 serve the station.

In popular culture[edit]

Workers can be seen excavating Baker Street for the Underground in a scene of the 2011 film Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows, set in 1891.[citation needed]

Nearby attractions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. May 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12. 
  2. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "BAKER STREET STATION: MAIN ENTRANCE BUILDING AND METROPOLITAN, CIRCLE AND HAMMERSMITH AND CITY LINE PLATFORMS (NOS 1-6) INCLUDING RETAINING WALL TO APPROACH ROAD BAKER STREET STATION:". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 
  5. ^ a b c d Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. London: Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-219-1. 
  6. ^ Horne, Mike (2001). The Bakerloo Line: An Illustrated History. London: Capital Transport. p. 38. ISBN 1-85414-248-8. 
  7. ^ Horne (2001), p.48.
  8. ^ "History of Baker Street Tube Station". Jessica Higgins. Archived from the original on 2012-03-04. 
  9. ^ Cooper, Nick (5 June 2006). "Attacks on the London Underground". The Underground at War. Archived from the original on 2010-04-23. 
  10. ^ "TfL's Transport Portfolio Executive Report for the London 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games - Quarter 2 2007/08" (PDF). TfL. 2008. Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. 
  11. ^ "Accessible Transport Strategy for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games" (PDF). London 2012. May 2008. p. 31. Archived from the original on 2008-11-21. 
  12. ^ "Step-free access Baker Street station" (PDF). TfL. September 2008. Archived from the original on 2013-08-14. 
  13. ^ "Planning - Application Summary 08/08647/FULL". Westminster City Council. 1 October 2008. Archived from the original on 2013-08-14. 
  14. ^ "TfL sets out £9.2bn 2009/2010 budget to deliver major improvements this year" (Press release). TfL. 31 March 2009. Archived from the original on 2012-01-19. 
  15. ^ "'S' stock making its mark". Modern Railways (London). December 2010. p. 46. 
  16. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1989). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 5. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 20. ISBN 0-906899-35-4. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Bakerloo line
towards Hammersmith
Circle line
towards Edgware Road (via Aldgate)
Hammersmith & City line
towards Barking
towards Stanmore
Jubilee line
towards Stratford
Metropolitan line
towards Aldgate
Terminus
  Former services  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Stanmore
Bakerloo line
Stanmore branch (1939-1979)
Metropolitan line
towards Aldgate
Terminus