The Baku Archipelago is a group of coastal islands close to Baku, Azerbaijan. The waters surrounding the islands are shallow. The archipelago is made up of the following islands, besides a few small sandbanks.
Islands located in the Bay of Baku:
Islands located SW off the bay detached from the main group:
- Səngi Muğan
- Qara Su
- Xərə Zirə
- Daşlı ada
- Kür Daşı is a little island . Lat. 39° 0' 45 N; Long. 49° 20' 8 E.
The vegetation of the islands in the Baku Archipelago has been quite damaged by the pollution caused by the oil wells in the same bay, so that most islands are almost devoid of vegetation. Formerly this archipelago provided an ideal ecosystem for the Caspian seal. Sturgeons are still found where the waters are not too polluted. Certain birds that visit Baku Bay, like teal ducks, Herring Gulls, and grebes find refuge in these islands that are uninhabited except for gas-extraction installations and a lighthouse. There is an automatic monitoring station for water pollution in the area located in Svinoy Island.
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