|Balša II Balšić|
|Lord of Lower Zeta|
Coat of arms
|Reign||1378 — 18 September 1385|
|Komnina (Kanina), a daughter of John Komnenos Asen|
|Noble family||Balšić noble family|
|Died||18 September 1385
Saurian field, near Lushnjë
|Religion||Eastern Orthodox Christianity (Serbian Church)|
Balša II Balšić (Serbian Cyrillic: Балша II Балшић; died September 18, 1385) was the Lord of Lower Zeta from 1378 to 1385. He managed to expand his borders towards the south; defeating the Albanian Duke Karl Thopia.
Balša II was the youngest of three sons of Balša I.
On January 13, 1378, he came to power in Zeta after the death of his older brother, Đurađ I. His power was felt only in the region around Scutari and in the eastern part of Zeta's coast. The most prominent feudal lords who did not recognize Balša's rule were their sworn enemies, the Đurašević-Crnojević family, who were allies of the Republic of Venice.
In 1372, Balša II married Komnina (Kanina), a daughter of John Komnenos Asen, the Despot of Valona.[A] As a dowry, Balša gained the cities of Berat and Kanina (in modern-day southern Albania), located in Asen's province.
In 1382, Balša II started the war for the conquest of Durazzo, taking it following four attempts. In 1385, the defeated ruler Karl Topia appealed to Murat I for assistance, and the Ottoman Army led by Hajruddin Pasha routed the Balšići at the Battle of Savra, on the Saurian field, near Lushnjë. The Ottomans chopped Balša's head off and sent it as an exclusive gift to Hajreddin Pasha. This marks the end of the rule of his family over Durazzo.
Balša's widow, Komnina, and their daughter Ruđina, later took control of Balša's territory in southern Albania to protect it from Turkish invaders. Komnina seemed to be the Duchy of Valona's main ruler, until her death in 1396. In the meantime, the Muzaka family had gained control of Berat. In 1391, however, Ruđina married Mrkša Žarković. Žarković succeeded the duchy, calling himself Lord of Valona. He reigned over the city until his death in 1414. Ruđina took over her late husband's position and ruled Valona until 1417, when it, as well as its citadel in Kanina, was seized by the Turks. Ruđina fled Albania and sought asylum in Zeta. Her nephew, Balša III, then-ruler of Zeta, granted her asylum and entrusted her with governorship of the coastal town of Budva.
- ^ According to not completely reliable chronicle of Gjon Muzaka (repeated in some historical works) Comita, one of the daughters of Andrew II Muzaka, married Balša II. Other authors confirm that Balša II married in 1372 and gained control over the territory south of Durazzo, including Valona and Kanine, as dowry. Still, many scholars believe that Balša II did not marry Comita Muzaka but Komnena, daughter of John Komnenos Asen who succeeded control over Valona and Kanine after the death of her brother Alexander in early 1372.
- Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994), The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest, University of Michigan Press, ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5
- Sedlar, Jean W. (1994). East Central Europe in the Middle Ages, 1000–1500 III. Seattle: University of Washington Press. ISBN 0-295-97290-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Balša II.|
- Charter of Duke Balsa II Balšić (1379, Ratac monastery, near Bar)
- Balsa II Balšić (1385th Tuzi, near Podgorica)
Balša IIBorn: ? Died: 1385
|Lord of Lower Zeta