Balša I

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Balša
Grb balsica.jpg
Coat of Arms

Issue

Đurađ
Stracimir
Balša II
Titles and styles
Lord of Zeta
Died ca. 1362

Balša (Serbian: Балша; fl. 1362) was a provincial lord of the Zeta region in ca. 1362, serving Serbian Emperor Uroš the Weak (r. 1355–71). He is the eponymous founder of the Balšić noble family.

Life[edit]

There are several theories on the origin of Balša (see Balšić noble family).

He was a nobleman and military commander during the rule of Emperor Dušan the Mighty (r. 1331–1355) but managed to expand his power after the death of Dušan (December 20, 1355) and gained control of the island of Mljet.[1][2] He began by taking lands previously held by Lord Žarko, in Lower Zeta (south of Lake Skadar, and is then recognized as a "provincial lord" in charters of Emperor Uroš the Weak (r. 1355–1371). In 1362 his sons defeated and killed Head of Upper Zeta Đuraš Ilijić and expanded further into Upper Zeta.[1] He is believed to have died by this time.

He had three sons, Đurađ, Stracimir, and Balša II, two of whom ruled Zeta: Đurađ and Balša II.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Zeljko Fajfric: Sveta loza Stefana Nemanje (Projekat Rastko) Chapter 44, Oblasni gospodari: "Balša o kojem ćemo sada govoriti beše veoma siromašan zetski vlastelin i za života cara Stefana držao je samo jedno selo. Ali kad je umro car, a kako njegov sin Uroš nije bio valjan vladar, počeo je s nekoliko svojih prijatelja i sa svojim sinovima Stracimirom, Đurđem i Balšom da zauzima Donju Zetu." "Posle toga krenuo je sa svojim ljudima na osvajanje Gornje Zete, koju je držao Đuraš Ilijić i njegovi rođaci. Đuraša ubiše Balšini sinovi, neke njegove rođake zarobiše, a ostali napustiše zemlju. I tako su Balšini sinovi zagospodarili i Gornjom Zetom" "Isto tako pali su u njihove ruke Dukađini koji su imali mnogo poseda u Zeti. Neke su poubijali, a druge bacili u tamnicu. Pri osvajanju ovih i drugih pokrajina više su se služili lukavstvom i prevarama nego silom oružja"
  2. ^ Bartl, Peter (2001) [1995], Albanci : od srednjeg veka do danas (in Serbian), translated by Ljubinka Milenković, Belgrade: Clio, p. 31, ISBN 978-86-7102-017-6, OCLC 51036121, retrieved 1 February 2012, Род Балшића (Балша) био је српског порекла. Балша I... био је заповедник у војсци Сте-фана Душана и од 1357. године као српски намесник службоваоје на острву Мљет. 

Sources[edit]

Balša I
Born:  ? Died: before 1362
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Đuraš Ilijić
Žarko
(Serbian Empire)
Lord of Lower Zeta
1360–1362
Succeeded by
Đurađ I