Balaclava, Victoria

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Balaclava
MelbourneVictoria
Balaclava is located in Melbourne
Balaclava
Balaclava
Coordinates 37°52′23″S 144°59′35″E / 37.873°S 144.993°E / -37.873; 144.993Coordinates: 37°52′23″S 144°59′35″E / 37.873°S 144.993°E / -37.873; 144.993
Population 5,383 (2011)[1]
 • Density 6,700/km2 (17,400/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 3183
Area 0.8 km2 (0.3 sq mi)
Location 7 km (4 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s) City of Port Phillip
State electorate(s) Caulfield
Federal Division(s) Melbourne Ports
Suburbs around Balaclava:
St Kilda St Kilda East St Kilda East
Elwood Balaclava St Kilda East
Elwood Ripponlea Elsternwick

Balaclava is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 7 km south from Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Port Phillip. At the 2011 Census, Balaclava had a population of 5,383.

Balaclava is located in the south-east of the city, in the St Kilda East area and is bounded by Inkerman Street to the north, Chapel Street to the west, Hotham Street to the east and Oak Grove and Los Angeles Court to the south. In terms of its cadastral division, Balaclava is in the parish of Prahran, within the County of Bourke

The suburb was named after the Battle of Balaclava that took place on 25 October 1854, during the Crimean War.

Well known television celebrity Graham Kennedy spent part of his childhood in the Balaclava area. After his death, the local council placed a commemorative plaque on the house in which he lived.

Balaclava is home to much of Melbourne's Orthodox Jewish Community, consisting of both Hasidim and non-Hasidim (Mitnagdim or Yeshivish) Jews. Within its confines are a number of kosher restaurants and shops that cater to the local and broader Melbourne Haredi communities.

Streets[edit]

Many streets in Balaclava and its vicinity are named after Crimean War battles; e.g., the Battle of Balaclava (Balaclava Road), the Battle of Inkerman (Inkerman Road), the Siege of Sevastopol (Sebastopol Street), the Battle of the Alma River (Alma Road), the Battle of the Great Redan (Redan Street) and the Battle of Malakoff (Malakoff Street).

One street, Crimea Street, is named after the war itself.

Other streets in the district are named after people connected with the Crimean War; e.g., Lord Raglan (Raglan Street), Lord Cardigan (Cardigan Street), Florence Nightingale (Nightingale Street), François Certain Canrobert (Canrobert Street) and Lord Lucan (Lucan Street).

Local landmarks[edit]

  • Caulfield Campus of Caulfield Grammar School – the suburb's largest school.
  • St Colman's School Hall, Carlisle Street (1938–39) – designed to complement the church next door (now CBC St Kilda's Yr 9 Campus, previously King David School's Carlisle campus and St Kevin's College Waterford Campus).

Residential architecture[edit]

Places of worship[edit]

There are many churches in Balaclava, with many of the modern places of worship serving the Jewish Faith, but many of the older buildings have at some point served various Christian religions.

Many of the church buildings in Balaclava are historic and heritage registered and form various religious precincts. Historic church buildings include:

  • St Colman's Church, Carlisle Street (1913, designed by Watts' Sons).
  • St George's Presbyterian Church, Chapel Street. Built in 1877–80 to the design of Albert Purchas. Listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.
  • Former Balaclava Corps Hall

Transport[edit]

Balaclava is served by several forms of public transport.

The main railway station, Balaclava, is on the Sandringham railway line.

Major tram routes operate on Chapel Street, Balaclava Road, Carlisle Street, Dandenong Road and St Kilda Road.

Hotham Street operates as a major busway.

A taxi rank operates on Carlisle Street, outside the Coles Supermarket.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

  • City of St Kilda – A former local government area of which Balaclava was a part.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Balaclava (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 12 July 2012. 

External links[edit]