Balagansky District

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Coordinates: 54°01′N 103°06′E / 54.017°N 103.100°E / 54.017; 103.100

Balagansky District
Балаганский район (Russian)
Missing map.svg
Coat of Arms of Balagansk (Irkutsk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Irkutsk Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of December 2011)
Administrative center work settlement of Balagansk[2]
Inhabited localities:[3]
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 12
Municipal structure (as of December 2004)
Municipally incorporated as Balagansky Municipal District[4]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 6
Statistics
Area 6,634.7 km2 (2,561.7 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census) 9,194 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 44.7%
- Rural 55.3%
Density 1.39 /km2 (3.6 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone IRKT (UTC+09:00)[7]

Balagansky District (Russian: Балаганский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[4] district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia. The area of the district is 6,634.7 square kilometers (2,561.7 sq mi).[citation needed] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Balagansk.[2] Population: 9,194 (2010 Census);[5] 9,973 (2002 Census).[8] The population of Balagansk accounts for 44.7% of the district's total population.[5]

History[edit]

Balagansk was founded in 1654 by the Kazak detachment lead by Dmitry Firsov on the left bank of the Angara River opposite to the mouth of the Unga River, in the course of Russian colonization of Siberia. The name Balagansk originates from the Bulagat, literally sable hunters, a Buryat tribe.[9] From 1655, mass settlement started in the area; eventually, a colony was built and iron mining developed.[10][11] Balagansk Fortress (ostrog) was built in Balagansk, to which the Buryats were attached to and they paid tributes to the Russians.[12] Buryats grew to dominate the area and on April 1, 1818, seventeen clans of the Balagansk Buryats met and adopted a memorandum to submit to the Russian authorities. In their memorandum they raised six issues and also provided action to be taken on each of them which related to courts, private law, criminal law, the rights and duties of the chief Taisha and heads of clans.[13]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the territory was included into Siberia Governorate. In 1764, Irkutsk Governorate split off, and in 1775, Balagansk was granted town status and became the seat of Balagansky Uyezd of Irkutsk Governorate. In 1924, the uyezds was abolished, the governorate split into districts, and Balagansk was moved to Ziminsky District. In 1925, it lost town status and was downgraded to a selo. In 1926, Balagansky District was established, and Balagansk became the district's administrative center.[10]

During the construction of Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station Balagansk disappeared under water. The name was inherited by a new settlement, which was previously known as Novobalagansk. It was founded in 1957 several dozens kilometers south of the original location of Balagansk, and on June 5, 1962 it was renamed Balagansk and granted urban-type settlement status. In 1962, Balagansky District was abolished and split between Zalarinsky and Ust-Udinsky Districts.[9] Balagansk was transferred to Zalarinsky District, and in 1965 it was moved to Ust-Udinsky District In 1989, Balagansky District was re-established, with the administrative center in Balagansk.[10]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Charter of Irkutsk Oblast
  2. ^ a b Law #49-OZ
  3. ^ According to Article 16.3 of Law #49-OZ, the laws dealing with the structure of the municipal districts serve as the registries of the inhabited localities of the administrative districts. For Balagansky District, Law #64-oz is used.
  4. ^ a b c Law #64-oz
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Балаганский район: земля с сибирским характером". Komsomolskaya Pravda (in Russian). October 2, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c "Историческая справка о Балаганском городском поселении с 1654—2007 гг" (in Russian). Администрация посёлка Балаганск. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  11. ^ Howorth, Henry Hoyle (January 1, 2013). History of the Mongols: The Mongols proper and the Kalmuks. With 2 maps by E. G. Ravenstein. Cosimo, Inc. p. 689. ISBN 978-1-60520-133-7. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  12. ^ Michael, Henry N. (1962). Studies in Siberian ethnogenesis. Published for the Arctic Institute of North America by University of Toronto Press. p. 81. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  13. ^ Sinor, Denis (1969). Inner Asia. Psychology Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-7007-0380-7. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Иркутской области. Постановление №9/5-ЗС от 15 апреля 2009 г. «Устав Иркутской области», в ред. Закона №2-У от 30 мая 2014 г. «О поправках к Уставу Иркутской области». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Областная", №45, 24 апреля 2009 г. (Legislative Assembly of Irkutsk Oblast. Resolution #9/5-ZS of April 15, 2009 Charter of Irkutsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #2-U of May 30, 2014 On Amending the Charter of Irkutsk Oblast. Effective as of the day following a ten-day period after the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Иркутской области. Закон №49-ОЗ от 21 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Иркутской области», в ред. Закона №147-ОЗ от 18 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 14 и 34 Закона Иркутской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Иркутской области"». Вступил в силу после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Областная", №71, 25 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Irkutsk Oblast. Law #49-OZ of June 21, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Irkutsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #147-OZ of December 18, 2013 On Amending Articles 14 and 34 of the Law of Irkutsk Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Irkutsk Oblast". Effective as of after the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Иркутской области. Закон №64-оз от 2 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Балаганского района Иркутской области». Вступил в силу с 31 декабря 2004 г., но не ранее чем через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Восточно-Сибирская правда", №248–249, 14 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Irkutsk Oblast. Law #64-oz of December 2, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of Balagansky District of Irkutsk Oblast. Effective as of December 31, 2004, but not earlier than 10 days after the official publication date.).