Balagtas, Bulacan

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Balagtas
Municipality
Municipal Hall of Balagtas
Municipal Hall of Balagtas
Official seal of Balagtas
Seal
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Balagtas
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Balagtas
Balagtas is located in Philippines
Balagtas
Balagtas
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°49′N 120°52′E / 14.817°N 120.867°E / 14.817; 120.867Coordinates: 14°49′N 120°52′E / 14.817°N 120.867°E / 14.817; 120.867
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bulacan
District 2nd District
Founded 1596
Barangays 9
Government[1]
 • Mayor Romeo M. Castro
Area[2]
 • Total 28.66 km2 (11.07 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 65,440
 • Density 2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3016
Dialing code 44
Income class 1st

Balagtas is a first class urban municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 65,440 inhabitants.[3]

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now part of Manila's built up area which reaches San Ildefonso in its northernmost part.

Formerly known as Bigaa, it was renamed in honor of Filipino poet Francisco Balagtas. The McArthur Highway bisects the municipality of Balagtas as this national road cuts northward to the Ilocos region. At the southern approach of the town from Manila is a modern, first class concrete bridge that crosses the Balagtas River. The river, navigable by banca and motor boats, empties into Manila bay after snaking through the town of Bulacan to the West which provides Balagtas' townsfolk with fish, shrimp, and other fresh water food.

At the foot of the bridge, along the highway towards the North, is the town hall. In front of the town hall is spacious park where the monument of it hero, Francisco Balagtas is located. The town hall is surrounded by Spanish colonial type houses. Two hundred meters from the municipal hall is the barrio of Panginay, the birthplace of Francisco "Balagtas" Baltazar, for whom also "Balagtasan", a form of debate in versified Tagalog, was named. In reverence to the hero's deeds, the official name of Bigaa was changed to Balagtas through the legislative act sponsored by the late Congressman, Teodulo Natividad.

In 1946 the Historical Society of the Philippines placed a marker at the birthplace of Balagtas, which reads: "Here in Barrio Panginay, Bigaa, Bulacan, Francisco Baltazar (Balagtas) was born on April 2, 1788. Son of Juan Baltazar and Juana dela Cruz, he is the father of Tagalog language and the author of the deathless "Florante at Laura." Jose Burgos, Jose Rizal, Mariano Ponce, Macario Adriatico, Epifanio Delos Santos, Rafael Palma and other illustrious sons of the nation recognize and honor Francisco "Balagtas" Baltazar. He died in Udyong, Bataan on February 20, 1862."

History[edit]

American infantry firing at Filipino insurgents at Balagtas, 1899.

Originally known as Caruya/Caluya as per as the history records regarding the early years of Bulacan Province, Caruya was former barrio and visita of Bulakan Town and it was directly administered by Alcalde Mayor of Bulacan. It is one of the ancient towns of the Province together with Calumpit 1571 (became Town in 1575) Bulakan 1575 (became Town in 1578) Meycauayan 1578, Malolos 1571 (became Town in 1580) and Binto 1581 (a former visita of Malolos became Town renamed as Binto y Quingua 1602) later known as Plaridel. The Catalogo of 1591 indicates the existence of Guiguinto y Caruyan with 4,800 souls and it was administered by a religious from Bulacan Convent. In 1608 Historia mentioned Caruyan as pueblo and convent. The Catalogo of 1612 says that Caruyan had 2 sacerdos,800 Tributos,2,400 Almas. (Historia de La Provincia Agustiana del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus de Filipinas Vol.1 of Isacio Rodriguez OSA)

It is very unclear when Caruya was formally organized into a town with its own Gobernadorcillo and it was renamed to Bigaa in 1700s.

During the Philippine revolution the "insurrectos" and the "Guardia civiles". Many people died, further decimating the town, which has suffered from a cholera epidemic and nearly wiped out the population 20 years before. When the Americans established civil government in 1903, Bigaa and Bocaue was integrated each other and in 1911 it was separated again.and on the same year,1911 the former Hacienda de Pandi, which included in the geographical jurisdiction of Town of Bigaa. In 1946, during the tenure of Bigaa Mayor Manuel Santos, Pandi was detached from Bigaa shortly after the Philippines gained political freedom from the United States and Pandi was established as a Municipal entity by virtue of a legislative fiat.

Barangays[edit]

Balagtas is politically subdivided into 9 barangays, all of which are urban:[2]

  • Borol 1st
  • Borol 2nd
  • Dalig
  • Longos
  • Panginay
  • Pulong Gubat
  • San Juan
  • Santol
  • Wawa (Pob.)

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Balagtas
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 42,658 —    
1995 49,210 +2.71%
2000 56,945 +3.18%
2007 62,684 +1.33%
2010 65,440 +1.58%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Schools[edit]

Tertiary:

  • College of St. Lawrence (formerly St.Lawrence Academy), Borol Ist, Balagtas
  • STI College Balagtas, Campus, Borol Ist,Balagtas
  • Colegio de Roma, San Juan, Balagtas
  • Our Lady of Manaoag Montessori College, (OLMA) San Juan, Balagtas
  • A-Z Country Day School
  • Bulacan Merchant Marine Academy

Secondary:

  • La Consolacion School, Longos, Balagtas
  • Garden Angels Integrated School, Borol Ist, Balagtas
  • Balagtas Agricultural School, Pulonggubat, Balagtas (main)
  • Balagtas Agricultural School, Borol Ist, Balagtas (annex)
  • Children's Mindware School, Borol 2nd, Balagtas

List of Cultural Properties in Balagtas, Bulacan[edit]

Economy[edit]

Major Industries
  • Ceramics/Pottery
  • Furniture
  • Garments
  • Gifts/Houseware/Decors
  • Metalcraft
Major Products
  • Furniture/Agricultural Products
  • Balot and Penoy Industry
  • Recruitment Agency
  • Fruit Dealership
  • Tilapia
  • Tricycle Parts
Future Developments
  • Construction of North Food Exchange (under construction)
  • Opening of Balagtas Tollgate
  • Construction of new Balagtas to Baliwag road connection

Government[edit]

Municipal Officials:

  • Mayor: Romeo Castro
  • Vice Mayor: Lito Galvez
  • Councillors:
    • Alberto Carating Jr.
    • Ian De Guzman
    • Mark Nuguit
    • Ariel H. Puatu
    • Jonathan M. Aruelo
    • Gilbert L. Galvez
    • Rodrigo S. Santos
    • Andy De Guzman
  • ABC President - Fernando K. Galvez

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]