Balaguères

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Balaguères
Balaguères is located in France
Balaguères
Balaguères
Coordinates: 42°57′02″N 1°02′40″E / 42.9506°N 1.0444°E / 42.9506; 1.0444Coordinates: 42°57′02″N 1°02′40″E / 42.9506°N 1.0444°E / 42.9506; 1.0444
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Ariège
Arrondissement Saint-Girons
Canton Castillon-en-Couserans
Intercommunality Castillonnais
Government
 • Mayor (1977–2020) Henri Andrieu
Area1 17.84 km2 (6.89 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 199
 • Density 11/km2 (29/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 09035 / 09800
Elevation 467–1,253 m (1,532–4,111 ft)
(avg. 475 m or 1,558 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Balaguères is a French commune in the Ariège department in the Midi-Pyrénées region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Balaguérois or Balaguéroises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Balaguères is located some 4 km north-east of Audressein and 12 km south-west of Saint-Girons in the Parc naturel régional des Pyrénées ariégeoises. The north-west border of the commune is also the departmental border between Ariège and Haute-Garonne. Access to the commune is by the D618 road from Engomer in the east which passes through the south of the commune and continues south-west to Audressein. Access to the main village of Alas is by the D204A from Engomer and several local roads. The D204 goes north-west from the village through the hamlet of Agert to the hamlet of Balagué in the commune. The commune is farmland in the valley and forested on the mountain slopes.[2]

The Lez river flows through the south of the commune and the village from south-west to east and continues east then north-east to join the Salat at Saint-Girons. The Ruisseau de Lachein flows from the north-west through the commune, gathering several tributaries, to join the Lez at the village.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

Balagué, Agert, and Alas were all part of the lordship of Aspet in the 12th century together with Engomer, Montgauch, Bareilles, and Mauvezin de Prat. This lordship became a powerful Barony in the Middle Ages. On 12 December 1642 Guy d'Encausse, Lord of Labastide (near Rieucazé) purchased Alas-Balagué and gave it to Jean-Jacques de Solan. By decree in April 1667 King Louis XIV ordered the purchase of 18 parishes that had been committed in 1642 and 1643. They all returned to the Crown lands of France. Later, however, some were sold again (Castelbiague, Pointis-Inard, Alas-Agert-Balagué). Others remained in paréage[Note 1] with the king: Affis (His), Arbas, Ganties, Mauvezin, Montastruc, and Rouède. The rest remained permanently in the hands of the king as sole lord: Aspet, Chein, Escaich, Estadens, Montgauch-Bareilles, and Saleich.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

Mayors from 1936
From To Name Party Position
1936 1944 Jean Arasse
1944 1966 Pierre Founeau
1966 1977 Joseph Tignous
1977 2020 Henri Anrieu

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 199 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 2]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,379 731 919 955 1,289 1,295 1,271 1,296 1,308
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,224 1,134 1,199 1,097 1,077 1,119 1,056 984 985
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
895 805 779 643 632 565 474 425 361
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
314 314 267 223 209 192 - 199 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Balaguères

Culture and heritage[edit]

Cultural distinctions[edit]

Esperanto star.svg

Balaguères is one of the communes that have received the Esperanto Green Star, a distinction awarded to mayors of communes who identify with the speakers of the constructed language of Esperanto.

Balaguères was one of the filming locations for the film: The Return of Martin Guerre in 1982 with Nathalie Baye, Gérard Depardieu, and Bernard-Pierre Donnadieu.

Religious heritage[edit]

  • The Church of Agert contains two items that are registered as historical objects:
  • The Church of Alas contains four items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Ciborium (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[6]
    • A Framed Painting: The Virgin and child donating a rosary to Saints Dominic and Catherine of Sienna (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[7]
    • A Chalice with Paten (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[8]
    • A Confessional (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[9]

Environmental heritage[edit]

  • The Réseau Paloume, a natural cavity at more than 750 m altitude.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A feudal contract between two or more lords giving them equal rights
  2. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Ariège (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000076 Ciborium (French)Camera aabb.svg
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000075 Chalice (French)Camera aabb.svg
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000074 Ciborium (French)Camera aabb.svg
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000071 Framed Painting: The Virgin and child donating a rosary to Saints Dominic and Catherine of Sienna (French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000073 Chalice with Paten (French)Camera aabb.svg
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM09000072 Confessional (French)Camera aabb.svg