Balaklava, South Australia
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Shops in the main street of Balaklava
|Population||1,827 (2011 Census) |
|LGA(s)||Wakefield Regional Council|
The town of Balaklava (population 1827, postcode 5461) is located in South Australia, 92 kilometres north of Adelaide in the Mid North region. It is on the banks of the Wakefield River, 25 kilometres east of Port Wakefield.
The first European settlers in the area were James and Mary Dunn who opened a hotel in 1850. The town was laid out by Charles Fisher in 1869 and named it after the Battle of Balaklava. He built large grain stores on the tramway from Hoyleton to the port at Port Wakefield, intending to encourage farmers to settle near the town.The first Hotel erected in the township of Balaklava was the Balaklava Hotel, later called the Royal. Thomas Saint borrowed the finances from Thomas James Manton and applied for the Hotel Keepers Licence on 17/11/1870 and was granted licence No.17 of 1871 on 04/04/1871.
Balaklava used to be on the railway line from Adelaide to Gladstone, with a junction to Port Wakefield. The line north from Hamley Bridge (connecting to Adelaide) opened in 1878 as a narrow (1,067 mm) gauge line. It was converted to broad gauge (1600mm) in 1927 and still exists as far as Balaklava.
The name of the town was originally spelled Balaclava.
The town today
The local newspaper is the Plains Producer.
Balaklava hosts the annual Balaklava Cup horse racing carnival each August. This was attended in 2006 by famous Australian astronaut Dr. Andy Thomas and Jenny (Elle) Price. It also has an agricultural show in September each year. This major event showcases the regions many achievements, in agriculture, horse riding, baking, art and the local schools achievements as well as many fun things for the family to enjoy.
Balaklava is well known for its interest and support in the arts. The Balaklava Eisteddfod Society. holds its own music and speech/drama Eisteddfod every year in early August. It has been running since 1997 and is a very major event for the township.
The Balaklava Community Arts. group has been running since 1982 and has always been very supportive of the visual and performing arts. The Balaklava Courthouse Gallery began within the ranks of Balaklava Community Arts and now holds widely known exhibitions and competitions in visual arts. The Balaklava Community Arts group continues to nurture the local artistic talents and entertain the community with performing arts by both local and visiting artists, promoting the arts to the wider community.
Balaklava has many sporting facilities and clubs, such as the local basketball competitions and tennis in summer, the football and netball in winter and the squash courts open all year. The basketball, netball and tennis courts are all centralised onto the one ground with the football oval 20 metres away. Balaklava also has its own pool, open in November through to April.
The Balaklava Golf Club. offers an all year round fully watered 18 hole 5,987 metre championship golf course and has clubhouse facilities. The Balaklava Gliding Club. is nearby at Whitwarta, 10 km north-west of the township. Flying operations are normally on every weekend or by prior arrangement.Visitors are always welcome and can even enjoy an air experience flight.
The township of Balaklava has four education institutions - the Balaklava Community Children's Centre, Balaklava Primary School, Balaklava High School, and the Balaklava Horizon Christian School.
Neighbouring towns include:
Balaklava is the administrative centre for local government seat of Wakefield Regional Council. Balaklava lies in the state electoral district of Goyder and the federal electoral division of Wakefield.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Balaklava, South Australia.|
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Balaklava (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
- Manning Index of South Australian History
- Horse and Steam, Wheat and Copper Callaghan, W.H. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, January;February, 2002 pp9-27;46-63
- The Plains Producer website
- Balaklava Eisteddfod website
- Balaklava Community Arts Inc. website
- Balaklava Golf Club website
- Balaklava Gliding Club website