Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant

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Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant
BalakovoNPP1.jpg
Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant
Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant is located in Russia
Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant
Location of Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant
Country Russia
Coordinates 52°5′28″N 47°57′19″E / 52.09111°N 47.95528°E / 52.09111; 47.95528Coordinates: 52°5′28″N 47°57′19″E / 52.09111°N 47.95528°E / 52.09111; 47.95528
Status Operational
Construction began December 1, 1980
Commission date May 23, 1986
Operator(s) Rosenergoatom
Power generation
Units operational 4 x 1,000 MW
Units under const. 1 x 1,000 MW
Annual generation 29,062 GWh

Balakovo nuclear power station (Russian: Балаковская АЭС [About this sound pronunciation ]) is located in the city of Balakovo, Saratov Oblast, Russia, about 900 kilometers south-east of Moscow. It consists of four operational reactors; a fifth unit is still under construction. Owner and operator of the nuclear power station is Rosenergoatom.

Balakovo NPP participates in a twinning program between nuclear power stations in Europe and Russia; since 1990 it has been in partnership with Biblis Nuclear Power Plant.[1]

History[edit]

On 27 June 1985 during startup of the first reactor unit, a human error (later attributed to inexperience and haste) unexpectedly opened a pressurizer relief valve, and 300 °C steam entered the staff work area. Fourteen people were killed.[2] This event is cited as one of the predecessors of the Chernobyl disaster.[3]

Reactor data[edit]

The Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant has four operating units:

Unit[4] Reactor type Net
capacity
Gross
capacity
Construction
started
Electricity
grid
Commercial
operation
Shutdown
Balakovo - 1 VVER-1000/320 950 MW 1.000 MW 01.12.1980 28.12.1985 23.05.1986 2015 planned
Balakovo - 2 VVER-1000/320 950 MW 1.000 MW 01.08.1981 08.10.1987 12.01.1988 2017 planned
Balakovo - 3 VVER-1000/320 950 MW 1.000 MW 01.11.1982 25.12.1988 08.04.1989 2018 planned
Balakovo - 4 VVER-1000/320 950 MW 1.000 MW 01.04.1984 12.05.1993 22.12.1993 2023 planned
Balakovo - 5 VVER-1000/320 950 MW 1.000 MW - - - Construction suspended 28.12.1992
Balakovo - 6 VVER-1000/320 950 MW 1.000 MW - - - Construction suspended 28.12.1992
Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant
Interior View 
Steam Turbine Maintenance 
Reactor under Construction 
Aerial View 
Distribution Station 
Control Room 
Steam Generator Transport 
Unit 5 Construction 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kraftwerk Biblis: WANO-Partnerschaft mit Balakovo jährt sich zum 20. Mal" (in German). RWE. 2010-09-29. Retrieved 2010-10-18. 
  2. ^ http://www.nuclearfiles.org/menu/key-issues/nuclear-weapons/issues/accidents/accidents-1980's-05.htm[dead link]
  3. ^ Medvedev, Grigory. "The Truth About Chernobyl", I. B, Tauris, London, 1 January 1991, ISBN 1850433313.
  4. ^ Power Reactor Information System of the IAEA: „Russian Federation: Nuclear Power Reactors“

External links[edit]