Balanga, Bataan

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Balanga
Component City
City of Balanga
Lungsod ng Balanga
Plaza Mayor de Balanga
Plaza Mayor de Balanga
Official seal of Balanga
Seal
Nickname(s): Balanga 2020 University Town, Balanga Utown, Learning City
Map of Bataan showing the location of Balanga City
Map of Bataan showing the location of Balanga City
Balanga is located in Philippines
Balanga
Balanga
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°41′N 120°32′E / 14.683°N 120.533°E / 14.683; 120.533Coordinates: 14°41′N 120°32′E / 14.683°N 120.533°E / 14.683; 120.533
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bataan
District 2nd District
Founded 1712
Cityhood December 30, 2000
Barangays 25
Government[1]
 • Representative, 2nd Congressional District Albert Raymond S. Garcia (National Unity)
 • Governor Enrique T. Garcia, Jr. (National Unity)
 • Mayor Jose Enrique S. Garcia III (National Unity)
 • Vice Mayor Noel Joseph L. Valdecañas (National Unity)
Area[2]
 • Total 111.63 km2 (43.10 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 87,920
 • Density 790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Demonym Balangueños
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2100
Dialing code 47
Income class 1st class city; component city
Website City website

Balanga, officially the City of Balanga (Filipino: Lungsod ng Balanga) or Balanga City, is a first class city in the province of Bataan, Central Luzon, Philippines. It is the capital city of Bataan. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 87,920 people.[3] Balanga City is primarily a residential-agricultural city. It has a total land area of 11,163 hectares (8.13% of Bataan).[2]

History[edit]

Paterno St. in Brgy. Poblacion, Balanga City during 70's

Balanga, the capital of Bataan, was formerly a visita of Abucay before it was established as a mission of the Dominican Order in the Provincial Chapter of April 21, 1714 and later declared a vicariate on April 18, 1739, under the patronage of Saint Joseph. Upon the establishment of Bataan as a separate province in 1754, Balanga was made its capital by General Pedro Manuel Arandia due to its favorable location, at the heart of the new territorial jurisdiction.

The word Balanga originates from the Kapampangan word "balañga" (clay pot, or "banga" in Tagalog), which the town used to produce and which was among the best that can be found in the country.

On December 30, 2000, Balanga was inaugurated as City by the Republic Act 8984 authored by Congressman Enrique "Tet" Garcia - Tet Garcia.[4]

Today, Balanga has just recently been transformed into a City. Prior to this development, the City has extended its urban fringe to west of Roman Superhighway and a new growth center in Barangay Tuyo has been delineated in the Comprehensive Land Use Plan. During the past years, the city saw a high record of residential growth. The consequent expansion of the physical limits of the urban core as well as the expected large increases in population, and its attractiveness to commercial and employment activities, the City Government of Balanga decided to undertake a Master Planning exercise and to propose various developmental projects that would establish Balanga as a well-planned community with quality and character that is innovative and special, although this is currently hindered by an unreliable electricity supply. [5]

City government and politics[edit]

Pursuant to the Local government in the Philippines",[6][7] the political seat of the municipal government is located at the City Hall. In the History of the Philippines (1521–1898), the Gobernadorcillo is the Chief Executive who holds office in the Presidencia. During the American rule (1898–1946) (History of the Philippines (1898-1946)), the elected Mayor and local officials, including the appointed ones hold office at the Municipal Town or City Hall. The legislative and executive departments perform their functions in the Sangguniang Panglungsod (Session Hall) and the Regional and Metropolitan Trial Courts, respectively, and are located in the second floor of the City Hall and in the Halls of Justice.

Balanga, Bataan's incumbent elected officials are - Mayor Jose Enrique S. Garcia III (National Unity) and Vice Mayor Noel Joseph L. Valdecañas (National Unity).

The Sangguniang Panglungsod Members are: City Councilors - Hon. ViancaLita V. Gozon, Hon. Jernie Jett V. Nisay, Hon. Val Joseph Fernandez, Hon. Ma. Liza Vasquez, Hon. Victor Malibiran, Edilberto D. Pizarro, Hon. Antonio S. Tranate, Hon. Karl John B. Paguio, Hon. Joji Molo, Hon. Anselmo J. Sanchez, Sr., Hon. Benigno Meriño and Hon. Carmela Mariz Vichuaco.[8]

Administration[edit]

The City administration envisions the City of Balanga as U-Town, a World Class University Town in 2020 (City Ordinance No. 21, Series of 2008, “Declaring the eighty and forty-two (80.42) hectares at the city’s central district as University Town in the City of Balanga, Bataan”).[9]

Balanga listed a ‘Record-Breaking’ P6B Investments In 2012. Balanga City won the 1st Robredo ICT Awards.[10]

Barangays[edit]

Balanga City is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.[2]

  • Bagong Silang
  • Bagumbayan
  • Cabog-Cabog
  • Camacho (Cadre)
  • Cataning
  • Central
  • Cupang North
  • Cupang Proper
  • Cupang West
  • Dangcol (Bernabe)
  • Doña Francisca Subdivision
  • Ibayo
  • Malabia
  • Munting Batangas
  • Poblacion Barcenas
  • Pto. Rivas Ibaba
  • Pto. Rivas Itaas
  • Pto. Rivas Lote
  • San Jose
  • Sibacan
  • Talisay
  • Tanato
  • Tenejero
  • Tortugas
  • Tuyo

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Balanga City
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 51,512 —    
1995 60,912 +3.19%
2000 71,088 +3.37%
2007 84,105 +2.35%
2010 87,920 +1.63%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Education[edit]

Medina Lacson Building, Bataan Peninsula State University, Main Campus

Balanga City is the educational center of the province of Bataan. It currently has one public university and several private colleges offering various courses such as Accountancy, Business Administration, Computer Science and Information Technology, Elementary and Secondary Education, Engineering, and Health Professions like Nursing and Midwifery.

Bataan Peninsula State University is the lone state university in the city. It operates two campuses in the city, the main campus which is located in the capitol compound and the Balanga City campus which is located in downtown area.

Tomas del Rosario College is one of the oldest private educational institutions in the city. It is located at the Capitol Drive in Barangay San Jose.

The other private colleges in the city include Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies and EastWoods Professional College of Science and Technology (formerly SOFTNET College of Science and Technology), both located in Barangay Ibayo, Bataan Heroes Memorial College located in Bataan Provincial Expressway, Microcity Computer College located at Capitol Drive and St. Joseph's College in upper Tuyo.

Other higher educational institutions in the city of Balanga include AMA Computer Learning Center – Balanga, Philippine Women's University - CDCEC Bataan, Bataan Maritime Institute-Cupang Balanga, and Proclesia International Inc.

The city is also a host to the biggest public secondary school in the province, the Bataan National High School. The other notable public secondary schools in the city are the laboratory high school of Bataan Peninsula State University, and the Bataan Integrated School.

Notable Private secondary schools in the city include the high school departments of Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies, Bataan Infant Jesus School, Bataan Montessori School, Inc., Tomas del Rosario College and St. Joseph College's of Balanga.

Mayor Jose Enrique Garcia III's noted 2,050 scholars of the University Town of the Peninsula Foundation, Inc. which earned P10 million from private donors and per the December 2012 Balanga UTown Musical Mini-Series musical.[11]

Healthcare[edit]

  • Bataan General Hospital
  • Bataan Doctors Hospital
  • Bataan Women's Hospital
  • Isaac Catalina Medical Center
  • St. Joseph Hospital
  • Orani District Hospital

Landmarks / Places of interest[edit]

Balanga City Wetland and Nature Park during Ibong Dayo Festival
Plaza Mayor de Balanga Fountain
The facade of Balanga City Hall
  • Balanga City Hall
  • Balanga Wetland Park - On January 28, 2013, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (Philippines) recorded 25,935 migratory birds in Tortugas, Lote Itaas, Lote Ibaba and Sibacan/Tuyo, Balanga (from 6 a.m. until 9 a.m., from 14,899 on January 28, 2012). These included little, intermediate and large egrets; the black-winged stilt; the whiskered tern; the great crested tern; gray plover; shank; heron; six great crested tern (in the Wetland Park in Tortugas).[12]
  • “Ibong Dayo” Festival in Barangay Tortugas (December 4–7) - the Department of Tourism (Philippines) listed Tortugas, Sibacan, and Puerto Rivas, among the 13 official bird-watching sites in the Philippines.[13]
  • Plaza Mayor de Balanga
  • Bataan Capitol Compound
  • Bataan Peninsula State University
  • Bataan World War II Museum
  • Galleria Victoria Mall
  • The Plaza Hotel Balanga City
  • GAP Plaza Hotel
  • La Vista Balanga Inland Resort
  • Center Plaza Mall
  • Balanga Public Market
  • Balanga Cathedral
  • Fall of Bataan Marker
  • Balanga Surrender Site Marker
  • La Vista Balanga Inland Resort -
  • Crown Royale Hotel, Barangay Central, Roman Expressway
  • Common Terminal
  • Divine Mercy Shrine of Diocese Balanga
  • Hillside Garden Mansions, Munting Batangas, Roman hi-way

Famous People from Balanga[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]