Balansun

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Balansun
Balansun is located in France
Balansun
Balansun
Coordinates: 43°29′33″N 0°41′51″W / 43.4925°N 0.6975°W / 43.4925; -0.6975Coordinates: 43°29′33″N 0°41′51″W / 43.4925°N 0.6975°W / 43.4925; -0.6975
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Orthez
Intercommunality Lacq-Orthez
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Bénédicte Alcetegaray
Area1 10.73 km2 (4.14 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 244
 • Density 23/km2 (59/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64088 / 64300
Elevation 84–208 m (276–682 ft)
(avg. 112 m or 367 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Balansun is a French commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Balansenais or Balansenaises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Balansun is a commune in the former province of Béarn located some 6 km east of Orthez and 4 km north of Argagnon. Access to the commune is by the D946 road from Arthez-de-Béarn in the east which passes through the centre of the commune south of the village and continues south-west to join the D817 west of Castétis. Access to the village is by the Chemin de l'Eglise which branches north off the D946 on the western side of the commune. The commune is mixed forest and farmland.[2]

The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour with the Ruisseau de Clamondé forming the southern border of the commune as it flows west to join the Gave de Pau west of Castetis. Three streams flow though the commune from east to west into the Ruisseau de Clamondé gathering many tributaries in the commune.[2]

Places and hamlets[3][edit]

  • Barran
  • Bélou
  • Bergerayre
  • Bernadou
  • Bidau
  • Bordes
  • Bourroua
  • Bousque
  • Cabalé
  • Cabanne
  • Cantegrith
  • Cantonnier
  • Carsuzaa
  • Chou
  • Cousiner
  • Craber
  • Crabérou
  • Friquet[4]
  • Garly
  • Heugarès
  • Lacabanne
  • Laheuguère[4]
  • Larribau
  • Lasserre
  • Lay
  • Loup
  • Loustalet
  • Massioo
  • Menaut
  • Menusé
  • Millet
  • Moncaud
  • Monhort
  • Naudou
  • Rouby
  • Saint-Martin[4]
  • Sarraillot
  • Sautié
  • Tisnérot
  • Touyarot
  • Trotemenut

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Michel Grosclaude said that the origin of the original name is the Gascon Latin name of a man Valentius with the suffix -unum.[5]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Balansun Balansun 1205 Raymond
19
Bérérenx Village
Balansun 13th century Raymond
19
Fors de Béarn
Balansun 1323 Grosclaude
Balensu 1343 Raymond
20
Pardies
Valenssun 1385 Raymond
20
Census
Valencin 14th century Raymond
20
Froissart
Balanssun 1536 Raymond
20
Reformation
Balensun 18th century Grosclaude
Balensun 1750 Cassini
Balenzun 1793 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini An II
Balensun 1801 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini Bulletin des lois
Bellegarde Belegarde 1538 Raymond
27
Reformation Farm and Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn
Friquet la maison de Fricquet 1538 Raymond
65
Reformation Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn
Laheuguère La Figuere 1538 Raymond
90
Reformation Farm
Saint-Martin Sent-Marthii 1385 Raymond
150
Census Farm
Tresarbres Tresarbres 1538 Raymond
168
Reformation Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn, with 400 arpents in 1538

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted that on page 20 of his 1863 dictionary that the fief of Balansun was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn and, in 1385, had 27 fires depending on the bailiwick of Pau.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[12]

Mayors from 1942
From To Name Party Position
1942 1944 Jean Baptiste Daugarou
1944 1946 Pierre Temboury
1946 1977 Alfred Debaig
1977 1995 Jean Sautie
1995 2001 Marie-Thérèse Maubecq
2001 2014 Anny Furbeyre
2014 2020 Bénédicte Alcetegaray

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Lacq-Orthez;
  • the SIVU of Balansun/Castétis;
  • the water and sanitation association of Trois Cantons;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 244 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
441 335 507 486 613 569 578 574 375
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
374 329 305 276 271 265 270 269 254
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
233 231 219 219 223 194 214 200 203
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
177 202 206 215 209 207 223 244 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Balansun

Economy[edit]

Economic activity is mainly agricultural (livestock).

Sites and monuments[edit]

The Parish Church of the Assumption of Notre-Dame (1850)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[13]

Facilities[edit]

The commune has a primary school which is grouped in an RPI (Intercommunal Educational Grouping) with the primary school in Castétis.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ a b c d Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  5. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, p. 293 ISBN 2-35068-005-3(French)
  6. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Balansun
  7. ^ Titles of the commune of Bérérenx in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  8. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  9. ^ Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000623 Parish Church of the Assumption of Notre-Dame (French)