Map of Batangas showing the location of Balayan
|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|• Mayor||Emmanuel Salvador O. Fronda|
|• Total||108.73 km2 (41.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||1st class|
Balayan is bounded by Tuy on the north; Calatagan and Lian on the west, Calaca on the east and the Balayan Bay on the south. The town is rich among the natural resources of sugarcanes, coconuts and corn. Significant events includes the Parada ng Lechon (every June 24) and the Feast of Immaculate Conception celebrated every December 8 of the year. Widely known products originating from the area include the Bagoong Balayan.
Balayan is derived from the old Tagalog word balayan, meaning 'to walk past the paddy, from a basket to another' and 'carry or accomplish anything with the tip of any batten'. Other possible source is from the old Tagalog word balayang, which means 'wood', as old natives used to call this town up to the present.
Tagalog literatures in Balayan were lost and destroyed at the coming of the Spaniards. Jesuit Father Chirino testifies to it that they found (300) three hundred pre colonial manuscripts in Balayan but believing them to be pagan (as anything non Roman Catholic are called Pagan by the Spaniards), and to facilitate them in the propagation of the Roman Catholic faith, the early Jesuit missionaries recklessly destroyed and burned this historically precious records as their usual method in all their conquered lands.
Scholars and historians believed that Tagalog songs: Kumintang and Kundiman originated from Balayan. In fact, the Spanish writer and historian Wenceslao E. Retana recorded the lyrics of a popular Kundiman when he visited Batangas in 1888 .
Part of Balayan’s beauty is its close affinity to early history. The towns natural position on the basin of a good harbour was one of the reason it became the first lands for local settlements in the Philippines, with existing records of local indigenous Moro (sea coast) and Lumad (inland) residents exchanging barter goods with Chinese traders dating back to the mid-14th century. It was also once the capital of a Moro Sultanate named Bon-bon whose area includes Mindoro to Cavite and even some parts of Metro Manila. The indigenous Moro & Lumad inhabitants of Balayan has close ties with the Brunei Sultanate of Maynilad under the leadership of Rajah Sulayman I and his uncle Rajah Matanda. There are historical accounts that Rajah Sulayman I stayed on this area when he tried to battle the Spaniards around Intramuros.
Despite the presence of Spanish forces protected by the newly built stonefort in nearby Maynilad or Manila, Fort Santiago and Fort Intramuros Philippines, due to its natural harbor, a number of areas around the archipelago were often become launching grounds of counterattacks from the seafaring Moro in partnership with the oppressed natives as guides. In the mid-18th century, retrieving what they considered their past territory of the Sultanates, the Bangsamoro with the help of the remaining downtrodden natives, were able to take over the towns and nearby environs, as proof of native support yearning to return to the vibrant trading Sultanate with its westward contacts in Nusantara (Indonesia, Malaysia, Borneo, Brunei) the natives which are also of Melayu lineage was able to hold it under their control for two months. When they are forced to retreat due to Spanish reinforcements, the Moro and Lumad alliance has decided to burn the whole town rather than its structure falling into use by colonialist hands. Those natives that cannot find boats to withdraw southwards migrated to nearby lands while those weak to walk stayed. The event prompted local Spanish officials to set up a fort to prevent yearly Moro counterattacks to regain the their Sultanates, while the colonial Spanish extracts more taxation and compulsory labor requirements from the local populace who had no choice but to stay behind.
Balayan is a lowland town in Western Batangas with a total land area of 108.73 km2. The largest barangay in the town is Brgy. Patugo while the smallest is Brgy. District 12.
Balayan is strategically located at the center of Western Batangas. The town is bounded by Tuy on the north; Nasugbu on the northeast; Calaca on the east; Lian on the west; Calatagan on the southwest; and Balayan Bay on the south. Distance from Manila, the country’s capital, is about 107 kilometres (66 mi) and approximately 48 kilometres (30 mi) from Batangas City.
Balayan falls under the first type of climate: Dry season from November to April and Wet season from May to October. Balayan’s Atmospheric Temperature is 28.5 inches – 29.8 inches (English Mercurial Barometer Scale). The average annual temperature in Balayan is 27.2 °C. The Average Annual Rainfall is 73.39 inches.
Balayan is politically subdivided into 48 barangays.
|Barangay 1||Pablo "Jing" Hernandez||17.53||1,938||111|
|Barangay 2||Peter Punzalan||6.16||1,394||226|
|Barangay 3||Virgilio C. Sale||12.31||1,185||96|
|Barangay 4||Restituto D. Andal||Charmaine A. De Sagun||34.86||1,851||53|
|Barangay 5||Eulogio M. Bautista||13.22||1,758||133|
|Barangay 6||Nestor M. Gutierrez||19.34||998||52|
|Barangay 7||Roberto D. Anzaldo||6.04||339||56|
|Barangay 8||Marcelo C. Ramos||Ian De Lunas||11.03||2,130||193|
|Barangay 9||Ricardo B. Gaa||RICA MAGPANTAY||4.85||1,446||298|
|Barangay 10||Eduardo B. Ramos||13.09||2,845||217|
|Barangay 11||Joemarie P. Rivera||7.27||1,321||182|
|Barangay 12||Romeo F. Erilla, Jr.||2.48||300||121|
|Calan||Concepcion R. Landicho||Louie Castillo||964|
|Caloocan||Reynaldo A. Ballelos||4,888|
|Calzada / Ermita||Gerardo M. Creag||1,416|
|Canda||Gil V. Perez||1,450|
|Caybunga||Teresito I. Alaras||841|
|Cayponce||Gregorio D. Alday||1,388|
|Dalig||Rodrigo B. Ali-Ali||3,008|
|Dao||Celso A. Julongbayan||1,445|
|Dilao||Gregorio A. Carcabuso||1,442|
|Durungao||Filomeno P. Tolentino||937|
|Gimalas||Leonilo C. Indemne||1,549|
|Gumamela||Raul B. de Jesus||Billy James C. Abellera||2,595|
|Lagnas||Andres P. Bautista||929|
|Lanatan||Bernabe S. Bendaña||2,715|
|Langgangan||Oliva B. Casal||1,194|
|Putol||Florencio H. Mendoza||1,383|
|Lucban||Getulio I. Arroyo||1,551|
|Magabe||Edgardo D. Castillo||1,779|
|Malalay||Rufino C. de Castro||1,063|
|Munting Tubig||Rolando G. Butiong||1,534|
|Navotas||Leonilo C. Torreliza||Regie Alday||3,451|
|Patugo||Adriano B. Pinano||1,885|
|Palikpikan||Renato C. Banaguas||1,150|
|Pooc||Andres H. Cabungcal||2,267|
|Sambat||Bernardo C. Pantoja||2,345|
|Sampaga||Rene S. Comia||2,386|
|San Juan||Elmer V. del Carmen||1,738|
|Sanpiro||Annabel D. de los Reyes||3,377|
|Santol||Eutiquio R. de Lunas||2,385|
|Sucol||Antonio DL. Liwanag||837|
|Tactac||Eutiquio S. Pedraza||932|
|Taludtod||Eulalio H. Marquez||Darwin Cortez||1,165|
|Tanggoy||Epifanio B. Baon||1,543|
|Population census of Balayan|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
As of 2010, the total population of Balayan is 81,805 with a population density of 750 inhabitants per km². The population of the poblacion in Balayan is 17,505 with 14,834 inhabitants per km². The most populous barangay is Barangay Caloocan, with 4,888 inhabitants, while the least populous is Barangay 12, with only 300 inhabitants.
The main language used by the people in Balayan is Tagalog but some of them can still speak and understand basic Spanish. Literate people can speak English but it is often used in formal occasions or events only.
Not known to many, even though Balayan houses historical sites, it also houses huge and well-developed industrial sites that adds up to the progress of the municipality. Here are the list of Industrial Sites in Balayan, Batangas:
- Phil Steel Corporation (Steelcorp)
The largest and most trusted manufacturer of world class coated steel sheets, coils and irons for use of an even more diverge range of applications.
- Batangas Sugar Cane Central
The mother company of Muscuvado Food Sugar Corp. This 30 year old veteran in processing sugar cane in Balayan, Batangas has the capacity to mill over 100 MT of raw sugar cane daily during the crop’s harvest season which is normally from January to June of every year.
- Balayan Science Park
Southpoint Science Park is a 31-hectare property in Gimalas, Balayan, Batangas that is intended for mixed-use development. Land development is still ongoing.
- Immaculate Conception Parish Church (Balayan)
- Ermita Church
Literacy rate: 96.5% (males) - 97.1%( females)
Balayan has several schools, institutions and university both public and private located within and outside the Poblacion.
Public schools include:
- Balayan East Central School
- Balayan West Central School
- Balayan National High School
- Batangas State University - Balayan Campus
Private schools include:
- Immaculate Conception College
- Blessed Christ Child Montessori Foundation
- Balayan Colleges
- Balayan Kiddie Learning Center
- Our Lady of Miracles Learning Center
- STI College - Balayan
- Kim Harold
- Core Science Academy
- Saint Paul College Balayan
- Schola Nazaria Inc.
The hospitals in Balayan include:
- Western Batangas Medical Center
- Bayview Hospital
- Don Manuel Lopez Memorial District Hospital
- Madonna General Hospital
- Metro Balayan Medical Center (Under Construction)
- Balayan BayWalk Park
On January 2009, Balayan renovated a mini park which will provide locals and tourists a view of Balayan Bay similar to what we see in the country’s capital. A 500 square-meter park is just enough for you to see how fascinating and breathtaking Balayan’s shore is.
There are numerous resorts located in Balayan. Some of the notable ones are:
- Starcove Resort
- Eastern Star Resort
- La Piscina
- King and Queen Resort
- Prime Beach Resort
- Malabanan Pool and Pavilion
- Cimpulo Beach Resort
- La Jamayca Resort
- Blue Dolphin Beach Resort
- Mayor – Emmanuel Salvador O. Fronda
- Vice-Mayor – Joel T. Arada
- Rodel L. Macalindong
- E. Salvador II P. Fronda
- Rommel II M. Castelo
- Jasmin Andal
- Cristeta C. Esperon
- Danilo A. Pamintuan
- Rita C. Abiad
- Francisco "Cocoy" S. Ramos
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- Juan José de Noceda and Pedro de Sanlúcar, Vocabulario de la Lengua Tagala, (Manila: Imprenta de Ramírez y Giraudier, 1860), 30.
- de Noceda and de Sanlúcar, 369.
- Eufronio Melo Alip, Tagalog literature: a historico-critical study, 20.
- Chirino's Relacion de las Islas Filipinas 1493-1898.
- Eufronio Melo Alip, Tagalog literature: a historico-critical study, 18.
- Wenceslao Emilio, El Indio Batangueño: (estudio etnográfico), 25.
- Blair and Robertson
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Balayan.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Balayan.|
- Balayan | Parada ng Lechon
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information