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Acharya Baldev Upadhyaya (पण्डित बलदेव उपाध्याय, 10 October 1899 – 10 August 1999) was a renowned Hindi, Sanskrit scholar, literary historian, essayist and critic. He wrote numerous books, collections of essays and a historical outline of Sanskrit literature. He is noted for discussing Sanskrit literature in the Hindi language. Earlier books related to Sanskrit literature were often written either in Sanskrit or in English.
Acharya Ji was born on 10 October 1899 into a Vaishnav Sanatan Dharma family of Brahmins in the village Sonbarsa in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. His father was Pt. Ram Suchit Upadhyaya, who was a great scholar of the Bhāgavata Purāṇa. He had many students in Eastern India as well in Rangoon. His mother, Smt. Murti Devi, was also a pious lady. Upadhyaya's early education was in Govt. High School, Ballia, except for a session 1911-1912, when he was admitted to the 6th standard at Bengali Tola Inter College, Benares. He passed his M.A. from Banaras Hindu University (1922) and Sahityacharya from Govt. Sanskrit College, Benares.
Acharya Ji had two younger brothers Dr.Vasudev Upadhyaya, eminent historian specialisation on Gupta Period, who retired from Patna University as Professor and Head of the History Department and Dr. Krishna Dev Upadhyaya, a Hindi Scholar with specialisation in Bhojpuri Literature, who retired from Govt. Degree College as Professor & Head Deptt. of Hindi.
Achrya Ji married Shivmuni Devi, daughter of Pt.Dev Krishna Ojha, granddaughter of Pt. Yogesh Dutt Ojha, a Sanskrit scholar and author of Paribhashendu Shekhar, which was published from Sampurnanand Sanskrit Vishwavidyalaya, Varanasi.
Acharya Ji had two sons: Pt.Gauri Shankar Upadhyaya, who retired as Assistant Director Social Education, U.P. Govt., and Dr. Gopal Shankar Upadhyaya, a Metallurgical Scientist and retired Professor & Head Deptt. of Metallurgy I.I.T., Kanpur.
He died on 10 August in his centenary year 1999 at Varanasi.
His students include Acharya Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi,Dr. Vidya Niwas Mishra, H.H. Kashi Naresh Vibhuti Narayan Singh Ji, Acharya Sitaram Chaturvedi,Dr. Kalu Lal Shrimali,Dr. Karuna Pati Tripathi, Dr.Rewa Prasad Dwivedi, J. N. Chaturvedi, Triloki Nath Chaturvedi, Dr.Vishnu Kant Shastri Ex. U.P. Governor.
In 1922 he was appointed as a Lecturer in the Department of Sanskrit at Banaras Hindu University. After serving the institution for 38 years he was retired as Head of the Department in 1960. In 1968 he was again appointed as Director and Professor Emeritus of the Research Institute at Sampurnanand Sanskrit University. He also served as President, Uttar Pradesh Sanskrit Academy, Lucknow.
While Director of the Research Institute, he was the chief editor of the book series, Sarasvati Bhavana Granthamala, and the Sanskrit journal Sarasvati Sushama. He wrote many books which are the outcome of original studies and are authoritative in the respected fields. He also edited about 25 books.
Awards and honors
- Mangla Prasad Puraskar, 1942
- Dalmia Puraskar, 1946
- Shravan-Nath Puraskara
- Sahitya Varidhi, Prayag, 1972
- D.Litt, 1977
- Certificate of Honour, Awarded by Dr Zakir Hussain, President of India 1968.
- Kalidas Sahitya Ratna, Ujjain, 1982
- Vishva Sanskrit Bharati Award, U.P. Sanskrit Academy, 1983.
- Padma Bhushan Awarded by Giani Zail Singh, President of India, 1984.
- Umaswami Award, Kunda Kunda Bharati Ch. Trust, New Delhi, 1994.
- Mahamahopadhyaya, 1997.
- Rama Krishna Dalmiya Sri Vani Award, Ramkrishna Dalmiya Trust, New Delhi.
|S.No.||Name of Book||Publisher||Year|
|1.||Rasika Govinda Aur Unki Kavita||Hindi Nagari Pracharini Sabha, Ballia.||1926|
|2.||Sukti Muktavali||Haridas Company, Mathura||1932|
|3.||Sanskrit Kavi Charchā||Master Khedilal, Varanasi||1932|
|4.||Bhartiya Darshana||Sharda Mandir, Varanasi||1942|
|5.||Sanskrit Sahitya Ka Itihas||Sharda Mandir, Varanasi||1944|
|6.||Dharma aur Darshana||Sharda Mandir, Varanasi||1945|
|7.||Sanskrit Vangmaya||Sharda Mandir, Varanasi||1945|
|8.||Vaidika Kahaniya||Sharda Mandir, Varanasi||1946|
|9.||Bauddha Darsana Mimansa||Sharda Mandir, Varanasi||1946|
|10.||Arya Sanskriti Ke Muladhara||Sharda Mandir, Varanasi||1947|
|11.||Bhartiya Sahitya Shastra||Prasad Parisad, Varanasi||1948|
|12.||Bhagvata Sampradaya||Nagari Prachatini Sabha, Varanasi||1954|
|13.||Vaidika Sahitya Aur Sanskriti||Sharda Sansthan, Varanasi||1955|
|14.||Sanskrit Alochana||U.P. Sanskrit Sansthan, Lucknow||1956|
|15.||Kavyanushilana||Ramesh Book Deopt, Jaipur||1956|
|16.||Bhartiya Vangmaya Mein Sri Radha||Bihar Rastrabhasha Parishad, Patna||1963|
|17.||Sanskrit Sukavi Samikchha||Chaukamba Vidya Bhavan, Varanasi||1963|
|18.||Purana Vimarsha||Chaukamba Vidya Bhavan, Varanasi||1965|
|19.||Sanskrit Shashtron Ka Itihas||Chaukamba Vidya Bhavan, Varanasi||1969|
|20.||Bhartiya Dharma Aur Darshana||Chaukamba Vidya Bhavan, Varanasi||1977|
|21.||Sanskrit Sahitya Ka Sanksipta Itihas||Sharda Sansthan, Varanasi||1978|
|22.||Kashi Ki Panditya Parampara||Sharda Sansthan, Varanasi||1985|
|23.||Bhartiya Dharma aur Darshana Ka Anushilan||Sharda Sansthan, Varanasi||1985|
|24.||Vimarshachintamanih||Sharda Sansthan, Varanasi||1987|