Baldwin County, Alabama
|Baldwin County, Alabama|
Location in the state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 21, 1809|
2,026.93 sq mi (5,250 km²)
1,596.35 sq mi (4,135 km²)
430.58 sq mi (1,115 km²), 21.24%
114/sq mi (44/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Baldwin County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. It is named in honor of Senator Abraham Baldwin, though he never lived in what is now Alabama. As of the 2010 census the population was 182,265. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated 2012 population is 190,790. The county seat is Bay Minette. The largest county in Alabama by area, it includes a portion of Mobile Bay.
The Daphne-Fairhope-Foley micropolitan area includes all of Baldwin County.
Baldwin County was established on December 21, 1809, ten years before Alabama became a state. Previously, the county had been a part of the Mississippi Territory until 1817, when the area was included in the separate Alabama Territory. Statehood was gained by Alabama in 1819.
There have been numerous border changes to the county and numerous armies have invaded.
In the first days of Baldwin County, the town of McIntosh Bluff on the Tombigbee River was the county seat. (It is now included in Washington County, west of Baldwin County.) The county seat was transferred to the town of Blakeley in 1810, and then to the city of Daphne in 1868. In 1900, by an act of the legislature of Alabama, the county seat was authorized for relocation to the city of Bay Minette, however, the city of Daphne resisted relocation.
To relocate the county seat to Bay Minette, the men of the town devised a scheme. To lure the Sheriff and his deputy out of the Daphne, the men fabricated a murder. While the law was chasing down the fictitious killer during the late hours, the group of Bay Minette men stealthily traveled the seventeen miles (27 km) to Daphne, stole the Baldwin County Courthouse records, and delivered them to the city of Bay Minette, where Baldwin County's county seat remains. A New Deal mural, completed by WPA artists during the Great Depression, depicts the events. It hangs in the Bay Minette post office .
Due to its proximity to the Gulf of Mexico, Baldwin County frequently endures tropical weather systems, including hurricanes. In recent years, the county was declared a disaster area in September 1979 due to damage from Hurricane Frederic, in July 1997 due to Hurricane Danny, in September 1998 from Hurricane Georges, in September 2004 due to damage from Hurricane Ivan, and again in August 2005 due to damage from Hurricane Katrina.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 2,026.93 square miles (5,249.7 km2), of which 1,596.35 square miles (4,134.5 km2) (or 78.76%) is land and 430.58 square miles (1,115.2 km2) (or 21.24%) is water. It is the 12th largest county east of the Mississippi River and is larger than the US state of Rhode Island.
Major highways 
- Interstate 10
- Interstate 65
- U.S. Highway 31
- U.S. Highway 90
- U.S. Highway 98
- State Route 59
- State Route 104
- State Route 180
- State Route 182
- Bay Minette, 1R8, has a single runway 08/26 that is 5,497'
- Fairhope, 4R4, has a single runway 01/19 that is 6,604'
- Foley, 5R4, has a single runway 18/36 that is 3,700'
- Gulf Shores, JKA, has two runways, 09/27 at 6,962' and 17/35 at 3,596'
There are numerous private airports and heliports in Baldwin County. Considerable military airspace overlies much of the county and adjacent bay and coastal waters.
Adjacent counties 
- Monroe County, Alabama - northeast
- Escambia County, Florida - east
- Escambia County, Alabama - east
- Mobile County, Alabama - west
- Washington County, Alabama - northwest
- Clarke County, Alabama - northwest
||Washington County and Clarke County||Monroe County|
|Mobile County||Escambia County and Escambia County, Florida|
|Gulf of Mexico|
Environmental recognition 
Two separate areas in Baldwin County have been designated "Outstanding Alabama Water" by the Alabama Environmental Management Commission which oversees the Alabama Department of Environmental Management. As of April, 2007, only two other areas in Alabama have received what is the "highest environmental status" in the state. A portion of Wolf Bay and 42 miles (68 km) of the Tensaw River in northern Baldwin county have received the designation. Officials believe the "pristine water" will become an important eco-tourism destination.
National protected area 
Whereas according to the 2010 United States Census Bureau:
- 85.7% White
- 9.4% Black
- 0.7% Native American
- 0.7% Asian
- 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- 1.5% Two or more races
- 4.4% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
As of the census of 2010, there were 182,265 people, 73,180 households, and 51,151 families residing in the county. The population density was 110 people per square mile (40/km2). There were 104,061 housing units at an average density of 54 per square mile (23/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 85.7% White, 9.4% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.0% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 4.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 73,180 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county the population was spread out with 23% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.1 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.46 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,250, and the median income for a family was $47,028. Males had a median income of $34,507 versus $23,069 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,826. 10.10% of the population and 7.60% of families were below the poverty line. 13.10% of those under the age of 18 and 8.90% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
In 2000, the largest denominational groups were Evangelical Protestants (with 38,670 adherents) and Mainline Protestants (with 16,399 adherents). The largest religious bodies were The Southern Baptist Convention (with 27,789 members) and The Catholic Church (with 10,482 members).
Unincorporated areas 
- Bon Secour
- Clay City
- Fort Morgan
- Little River
- Magnolia Beach
- Oyster Bay
- Park City
- Perdido Key
- Pine Grove
- Pine Haven
- Point Clear
- River Park
- Romar Beach
- Turkey Branch
- Weeks Bay
- Whitehouse Fork
The Baldwin County Board of Education oversees most public education in the county. Numerous private and parochial schools also serve the area.
Local government 
The county is governed by a four member county commission each elected by districts. A sheriff, coroner, revenue commissioner are elected countywide. The sheriff of Baldwin County is Hoss Mack (R) 
See also 
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Baldwin County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Baldwin County, Alabama
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- "Various Historical Compilations about Baldwin County, Alabama". Baldwin County, Alabama. Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- "ADAH Historical Markers—Baldwin County: A County Older than the State". Texts of historical markers placed by Alabama Historical Society. Alabama Department of Archives & History. Retrieved 2007-10-29.[dead link]
- "History-Compilations". Co.baldwin.al.us. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
- "Alabama Disaster History". FEMA website. Archived from the original on 2 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-22.
- "Special Title I Assistance to Victims in Presidentially Declared Major Disaster Areas - Alabama, Vermont, Washington State and Michigan". hudclips.org. Retrieved 2007-06-22.
- "Designated Counties for Alabama Hurricane Georges". FEMA website. Retrieved 2007-06-22.
- "Designated Counties for Hurricane Ivan". FEMA website. Retrieved 2007-06-22.
- "Alabama Hurricane Katrina". FEMA website. Retrieved 2007-06-22.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- Gary Busby, Wolf Bay Listed as Outstanding Alabama Water, The Mobile Register, Baldwin Register, Tuesday, April 24, 2007, page 1
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- "University of Virginia Library". Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- "County Membership Reports". thearda.com. Archived from the original on 12 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
- "Association". Alabama Sheriffs. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
- Baldwin County
- Baldwin County Strawberry Festival
- Baldwin County map of roads/towns (map © 2007 Univ. of Alabama).
- Baldwin County Economic Development
- Baldwin County Alabama Genealogy
- Baldwin County Alabama Free Census Records
- Baldwin County Alabama Archives and Libraries
- Baldwin County Alabama Cemeteries
- South Alabama Community Website