Baldwin VI, Count of Flanders

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Baldwin VI, Count of Flanders
BaldwinVI.jpg
Baldwin VI, Count of Flanders & Hainaut
Spouse(s) Richilde, Countess of Hainaut
Noble family House of Flanders
Father Baldwin V of Flanders
Mother Adela of France
Born c. 1030
Died 17 July 1070(1070-07-17)

Baldwin VI of Flanders (c. 1030 – 17 July 1070) was a Belgian nobleman. He was the ruling count of Hainaut from 1051 to 1070 (as Baldwin I) and Count of Flanders from 1067 to 1070.

Life[edit]

Baldwin was the eldest son of Baldwin V of Flanders and Adela of France, a daughter of king Robert II of France[1][2] and Constance of Arles.[3] Baldwin VI was also the brother of Matilda of Flanders, Queen consort of England and wife of William the Conqueror, King of England.[1]

His father arranged his marriage, under threat of arms, to Richilde, the widow of Herman of Mons and heiress of Hainaut.[4] As Hainaut was a part of the empire this enraged Henry III who had not been consulted causing him to wage war on the two Baldwins but was not successful.[4] Between 1050 and 1054 Lambert II, Count of Lens fought alongside the Baldwins against Henry III finding that this alliance best protected his interests.[a][5] Baldwin died 17 Jul 1070.[1] His early death left Flanders and Hainaut in the hands of his young son Arnulf III, with Richilde as regent.[6] The young Arnulf III was killed the next year at the Battle of Cassel (1071)[7] and Baldwin's younger son eventually became Baldwin II of Hainaut.[1] The countship was soon usurped by Baldwin's brother Robert the Frisian, who became count Robert I of Flanders.[8]

Baldwin had constructed the church of St. Peter's of Hasnon, placed monks there and designated it as his burial place.[9]

Family[edit]

Baldwin and Richilde were the parents of:

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lambert II was reported to have died in 1054 at Lille fighting on the side of the Counts Baldwin against Henry III. See John Carl Andressohn, The ancestry and life of Godfrey of Bouillon (Ayer Publishing, 1972), p. 20. Others fighting for the Counts of Flanders against Henry III included the lords of Alost. See Heather J. Tanner, Families, Friends, and Allies (Leiden: Brill, 2004), p. 87–88 n. 74.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Marburg, Germany: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 5
  2. ^ Gilbert of Mons, Chronicle of Hainaut, Trans. Laura Napran (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2005), p. 4
  3. ^ Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Marburg, Germany: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 187
  4. ^ a b Renée Nip, 'The Political Relations Between England and Flanders (1066–1128)', Anglo-Norman Studies 21: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1998, Ed. Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1989), p. 147.
  5. ^ Heather J. Tanner, Families, Friends, and Allies: Boulogne and Politics in Northern France and England, c.879–1160 (Leiden: Koninklijke Brill NV, 2004), p. 87
  6. ^ Renée Nip, 'The Political Relations between England and Flanders (1066–1128)', Anglo-Norman Studies 21: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1998, Ed. Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999), p. 154
  7. ^ Renée Nip, 'The Political Relations between England and Flanders (1066–1128)', Anglo-Norman Studies 21: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1998, Ed. Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999), p. 155
  8. ^ Gilbert of Mons, Chronicle of Hainaut, Trans. Laura Napran (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2005), p. 6
  9. ^ Herman (of Tournai), The Restoration of the Monastery of Saint Martin of Tournai, Ed. Lynn Harry Nelson (Catholic University of America Press, 1996), p. 27

See also[edit]

Baldwin VI, Count of Flanders
Born: c. 1030 Died: 17 July 1070
Preceded by
Baldwin V
Count of Flanders
1067–1070
Succeeded by
Arnulf I/III
Preceded by
Herman
Count of Mons
1051–1070
Preceded by
Richilde
Count of Hainaut
1051–1070