Baldwin Wake Walker

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Admiral Sir Baldwin Wake Walker, 1st Baronet
Baldwin Wake Walker.jpg
Walker in Turkish service, 1840.
Born 6 January 1802
Port-e-Vullen, near Ramsey, Isle of Man
Died 12 February 1876
Diss, Norfolk
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service 1812 to 1876
Rank Royal Navy Admiral
Commands held HMS Vanguard 1836–1838
HMS Queen 1845–1846
HMS Constance 1846–1847
Battles/wars Morea expedition, 1828
Bombardment of Acre, 1840
Awards KCB
Order of the Iron Crown
Order of St. Anna
Order of the Red Eagle
Other work Surveyor of the Navy, 1848–1861
Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope 1861–1864

Admiral Sir Baldwin Wake Walker, 1st Baronet KCB (6 January 1802 – 12 February 1876) was Surveyor of the Navy from 1848 to 1861.[1] and was responsible for the Royal Navy's warship construction programme during the 1850s naval arms race and at the time of the introduction of the Ironclad warship; it was his decision to build HMS Warrior.[2] He was created 1st Baronet Wake Walker, of Oakley House in 1856.

Early life[edit]

Baldwin Wake Walker was the eldest son of John Walker of Whitehaven and Frances, daughter of Captain Drury Wake.[3]

Career[edit]

Naval service[edit]

Walker entered the Royal Navy in 1812, and was made a Lieutenant in April, 1820. He served 2 years on the Jamaica station, then for 3 years on the coast of South America and the west coast of Africa.

In 1827 he entered service in the Mediterranean aboard HMS Rattlesnake and was first lieutenant of the bomb vessel HMS Aetna at the attack on Morea Castle during the Morea expedition. For this service he received the crosses of the Légion d'honneur and of the Greek Order of the Redeemer.

He saw further service in the Mediterranean aboard the ships HMS Asia, HMS Britannia and HMS Barham, being promoted to Commander in 1834. In that rank he served in HMS Vanguard from 1836 – 1838.[4]

Walker married Mary Catherine Sinclair Worth, daughter of Captain John Worth and Catherine Sinclair, on 9 September 1834.[5]

In 1838 Walker was given special permission of the Admiralty to accept a command in the Turkish Navy, in which he was known as Walker Bey and later as Yavir Pasha. In July 1840 Ahmet Fevzi Paşa, the Capitán-Pasha (the chief admiral of the Turkish fleet), took the fleet to Alexandria and delivered it to Muhammad Ali of Egypt, who then refused to part with it. Walker summoned the Turkish Captains to a Council of War, and proposed a night landing where he would surround the palace, carry off Muhammad Ali, and despatch him to Constantinople. This operation was cancelled due to Muhammad Ali letting the ships go.[6]

While serving with the Turkish Navy he commanded the Turkish squadron at the bombardment of Acre in November 1840, for which service he was became a Knight Commander of the Bath on 12 January 1841; he also received the second class of the Austrian Order of the Iron Crown, the Russian Order of St. Anna, and the Prussian Order of the Red Eagle.[3]

Following his return to England in 1845 he commanded HMS Queen as flag-captain to Sir John West at Devonport, and from 1846 – 1847, the frigate HMS Constance in the Pacific.[4]

From 1848 – 1861, he was Surveyor of the Navy (the post being known as Controller of the Navy from 1859). He was created a baronet on 18 July 1856, gaining the title 1st Baronet Wake Walker, of Oakley House,[7] appointed Rear Admiral of the Blue in 1858,[8] and Rear Admiral of the White in 1861,[9] in which year he was also appointed Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope and West Coast of Africa Station.[4] He returned to England in 1864, being promoted to Vice Admiral in 1865 and being appointed Commander-in-Chief, The Nore in 1866.[4] He was promoted to Admiral in 1870.[4]

Surveyor of the Navy[edit]

In his capacity as Surveyor of the Navy, Walker specified the requirements that led to the design of the large wooden screw frigates HMS Diadem, HMS Doris, HMS Ariadne, HMS Galatea, HMS Mersey, and HMS Orlando which were known simply as "Walker's Big Frigates". These large vessels were designed to compete with the United States Navy which had decided to build five steam frigates and one steam corvette. The ships had only a short service history as they were both too large for wooden ships and expensive to operate, as they required large crews. It is reported that due to the stresses caused by their powerful engines, Orlando and Mersey were both broken up after less than 20 years service.[10]

When in 1858 the French started building La Gloire, the first armoured iron-hulled ship, the Admiralty was asked what it was doing to match this "new engine of war". Walker replied that he believed iron hulls would never replace wooden ships. After strong representations by Walker and Henry Corry, the Parliamentary under-secretary to the Admiralty, the Board of Admiralty was moved on 22 November 1858 to call for designs for a wooden-hulled, armour-plated warship, whose dimensions were approximately equal to those of La Gloire. Eventually it was decided to construct an iron-hulled ship instead, and HMS Warrior was the result.

Later life[edit]

Baldwin Wake Walker died on 12 February 1876 at his house in Diss, Norfolk.[3] He was succeeded as Baronet by his eldest son Baldwin Wake Walker (born 1846–1905).[11] His grandson Sir Frederic Wake-Walker also achieved flag rank and served in both World Wars, playing a leading role in the evacuation of Dunkirk and the hunt for the battleship Bismarck.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lambert, The Last Sailing Battlefleet, p56
  2. ^ Wilson, Alastair; Joseph F. Callo (2004). Who's who in Naval History: From 1550 to the Present. Routledge. p. 325. ISBN 0-415-30828-3. 
  3. ^ a b c Moore, Arthur William (1901). Manx worthies; or, Biographies of notable Manx men and women. S. K. Broadbent & Company, Limited. p. 145. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Biography of Baldwin Wake Walker R.N.". William Loney RN - Background. Peter Davis. Retrieved 15 April 2008. 
  5. ^ "thePeerage.com - Person Page 6230". thePeerage.com. Archived from the original on 18 May 2008. Retrieved 14 April 2008. 
  6. ^  "Walker, Baldwin Wake". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  7. ^ "Promotions and Preferments". The Gentleman's Magazine (Printed by F. Jeffries). July 1856. 
  8. ^ "Admiralty, 21st January 1858". Bulletins and Other State Intelligence for the year 1858 (Compiled and arranged from the official documents published in the London gazette.). 1860. p. 326. 
  9. ^ "Promotions and Appointments. Royal Navy.". The United Service Magazine. 1861. p. 326. 
  10. ^ "Walker Screw Frigates". World Naval Ships.com. Retrieved 15 April 2008. 
  11. ^ Debrett's Baronetage and Knightage 1879. London: Debrett's. 1879. p. 447. 

References[edit]

Attribution
Military offices
Preceded by
New Post
Controller of the Navy
1859–1861
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Robinson
Preceded by
Sir Henry Keppel
Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope Station
1861–1865
Succeeded by
Sir William Dowell
Preceded by
Sir Charles Talbot
Commander-in-Chief, The Nore
1866–1869
Succeeded by
Richard Warren
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Baronet
(of Oakley House)
1856–1876
Succeeded by
Baldwin Wake Walker