Baleix

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Baleix
Entrée dans Baleix.JPG
Baleix is located in France
Baleix
Baleix
Coordinates: 43°22′45″N 0°07′43″W / 43.3792°N 0.1286°W / 43.3792; -0.1286Coordinates: 43°22′45″N 0°07′43″W / 43.3792°N 0.1286°W / 43.3792; -0.1286
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Montaner
Intercommunality Luy-Gabas-Souye et Lées
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Vincent Roustaa
Area1 6.47 km2 (2.50 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 137
 • Density 21/km2 (55/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64089 / 64460
Elevation 225–354 m (738–1,161 ft)
(avg. 230 m or 750 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Baleix is a French commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Baleichois or Baleichoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Baleix is located in the Montanérès overlooking the Lées Valley some 26 km north-east of Pau and 10 km south of Lembeye. Access to the commune is by the D7 road from Saint-Jammes in the west which passes through the length of the commune and the village and continues east to Casteide-Doat. The D145 comes from Lespourcy in the south-west and passes through the village to continue north to Anoye. Apart from the village there is also the hamlet of Tisné north-east of the village. The commune is mostly farmland with a few scattered small forests.[2]

The Lées flows through the east of the commune from the south and continues north to join the Adour near Aire-sur-l'Adour. The Petit Lées comes from the south and flows north-east through the commune to join the Lées.[2]

Places and hamlets[3][edit]

  • Balespouey
  • Baradat
  • Berbouly
  • Capcazaux
  • Capsus (land)
  • Castille[4]
  • La Caussade
  • Clos[5]
  • Dujardin
  • Guilhas
  • Hourpelat
  • Jeandavid[6]
  • Jouanolou
  • La Moulère
  • Noau
  • Pucheu
  • Puyo
  • Sarthou[7]
  • Tisné
  • Trémoulets[8]
  • Vignau

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Baleix Village
In Baleix Village
Baleix Landscape

Toponymy[edit]

Michel Grosclaude said that etymologically the name comes from the Gascon Balèch meaning "plateau".[9].

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Baleix Bales 11th century Raymond
20
Lescar Village
Balas 12th century Raymond
20
Marca
Balestoos 13th century Raymond
20
Fors de Béarn
Baleixs 1385 Raymond
20
Census
Balesie 1402 Raymond
20
Census
Baleyxs 1538 Raymond
20
Reformation
Balechs 1538 Raymond
20
Reformation
Balex 1548 Raymond
20
Reformation
Baleix 1750 Cassini
Abarades Abarades 1863 Raymond
1
Place
Abats Abats 1863 Raymond
1
Place
Les Artics Les Articqs 1769 Raymond
14
Terrier Place
La Bielle La Bielle 1863 Raymond
31
Place
La Haille Hailhe 1769 Raymond
74
Terrier Place
La Lanusse La Lanusse 1863 Raymond
93
Place
Peyreblanque Peyreblanque 1863 Raymond
134
Place
Le Pimi Lou Pimy 1769 Raymond
135
Terrier Hamlet
Les Plagnius Plagniux 1769 Raymond
136
Terrier Place
Le Plagniu 1769 Raymond
136
Terrier
Raguette Raguet 1769 Raymond
141
Terrier Place
Trémoulets Le Trémoulet 1863 Raymond
168
Place
Le Turocq de Naudy Le Turocq de Naudy 1769 Raymond
169
Terrier Place
La Turrecolle La Turequolle 1769 Raymond
170
Terrier Place
La Vignasse La Vignasse 1863 Raymond
174
Place

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 20 of his 1863 dictionary that in 1385 there were 22 fires and it depended on the bailiwick of Pau. Baleix fief was subject to the Viscounts of Béarn.

The commune has long been occupied as evidenced by the discovery of a fortified camp surrounded by a moat with visible remains of earthworks.

During the medieval period the commune was a member of the Commandery of the Order of Malta of Caubin and Morlaàs.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[16]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2001 Jean Balespouey
2001 2008 Gérard Balespouey
2008 2020 Vincent Roustaa

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Pays de Morlaàs;
  • the SIVOM of the Canton of Montaner;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the supply of drinking water Luy-Gabas-Lees;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 137 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
301 290 348 358 428 413 451 450 443
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
432 388 396 372 368 375 328 320 282
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
280 270 251 202 201 194 176 158 156
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
152 141 150 126 122 120 126 137 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Baleix

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Farmhouse at Sarthou (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A House at Jean David (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A House at Castille (1623)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • The Bourdallé House (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • The Coulomé Farmhouse (1789)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • The Bélengou House (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]
  • The Arnautou House at Clos (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • Houses and Farms (17th-19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint-Martin
  • The Parish Church of Saint-Martin (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[21] The Church contains a very large number of items that are registered as historical objects. For a complete list with links to descriptions (in French) click here.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Archaeological Map of Gaul, Archaeolgical pre-inventory published under the responsibility of Michel Provost, Pyrénées-Atlantiques

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027133 House at Castiulle (French)
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027129 Arnautou House at Clos (French)Camera aabb.svg
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027134 House at Jean David (French)
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027135 Farmhouse at Sarthou (French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  9. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3(French)
  10. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Baleix
  11. ^ Cartulary of the Bishop of Lescar, published in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (French)
  12. ^ Pierre de Marca, Histoire de Bearn, La Veuve Jean Camusat, 1640, 850 pages (French)
  13. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  14. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  15. ^ Manuscript from the 18th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  16. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027132 Bourdallé House (French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027131 Coulomé Farmhouse (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027130 Bélengou House (French)Camera aabb.svg
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027127 Houses and Farms (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027128 Parish Church of Saint-Martin (French)