Dalton Pass

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Dalton Pass road over the Caraballo Mountains.

Dalton Pass, also called Balete Pass, is a zigzag road and mountain pass that joins the provinces of Nueva Ecija and Nueva Vizcaya, in central Luzon island of the Philippines.


The summit of the mountain pass is at around 3,000 feet (910 m) in elevation, located where the Caraballo Sur (mountain range) and the Sierra Madre (mountain range) meet.

Dalton Pass is a gateway to the Cagayan Valley, and the Ifugao Rice Terraces.

Gateway over Dalton Pass road on entering Nueva Ecija province.

Battle of Luzon[edit]

Being the only access between Central Luzon and the Cagayan Valley, the pass became the scene of much bloody fighting in the Battle of Luzon, during the final stages of World War II. The "Battle of Balete Pass" incurred the death of 17,000 American, Filipino, and Japanese soldiers in 1945.

The namesake of the pass, General James Dalton II, died of a sniper's bullet in the battle.

Balete Pass Tourism Complex[edit]

The Balete Pass Tourism Complex is in the summit area of the pass. The "National Shrine of the Battle of Balete" and other monuments and memorials honor the war losses. The shrine is at the highest point at the "Dalton Pass Viewpoint with Shed" provincial project, which offers long vistas of the mountains and forests.


The Dalton Pass area is home to the only critically endangered orchid of Nueva Ecija, Ceratocentron fesselii, which is endemic to the province. It has orange flowers with purple lips and that glows lightly at dark. It is threatened by illegal logging, and illegal collecting for the orchid trade in the international black market.

The national government has yet to dedicate the natural Dalton Pass habitat as a nature reserve to protect the endemic orchid, leaving extinction of the orchid in the wild a threat.

External links[edit]

Media related to Balete Pass Tourism Complex at Wikimedia Commons

Media related to Dalton Pass Viewpoint with Shed at Wikimedia Commons
Media related to Monuments and memorials of Dalton Pass at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 16°07′59″N 120°55′55″E / 16.1331362°N 120.9319578°E / 16.1331362; 120.9319578