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Battle of Luzon
Being the only access between Central Luzon and the Cagayan Valley, the pass became the scene of much bloody fighting in the Battle of Luzon, during the final stages of World War II. The "Battle of Balete Pass" incurred the death of 17,000 American, Filipino, and Japanese soldiers in 1945.
Balete Pass Tourism Complex
The Balete Pass Tourism Complex is in the summit area of the pass. The "National Shrine of the Battle of Balete" and other monuments and memorials honor the war losses. The shrine is at the highest point at the "Dalton Pass Viewpoint with Shed" provincial project, which offers long vistas of the mountains and forests.
The Dalton Pass area is home to the only critically endangered orchid of Nueva Ecija, Ceratocentron fesselii, which is endemic to the province. It has orange flowers with purple lips and that glows lightly at dark. It is threatened by illegal logging, and illegal collecting for the orchid trade in the international black market.
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